Electrical

Alexandra Foley | April 23, 2014

Magnetic fields are fundamental forces in the universe. Without them, planetary orbits, electricity, and elementary particles could not exist. Helmholtz coils are used by scientists to generate uniform magnetic fields to study electromagnetism and its characteristics. They are used in MRI, spectroscopy, magnetoresistance measurements, and equipment calibrations. Here, we’ll look at what Helmholtz coils are, why they are important, and how can they be modeled.

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Fanny Littmarck | April 8, 2014

The Mach-Zehnder modulator is a type of optical modulator used for communication applications. To understand how it works and how to optimize its design, you can use the COMSOL simulation software.

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Walter Frei | March 25, 2014

It is well-known that you can use the RF Module to compute the impedance of lossless transmission line structures, such as coaxial cables of uniform cross section. But did you know that you can also compute an effective impedance for waveguides with non-uniform cross section? Let’s find out how!

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Mark Fowler | March 21, 2014

When designing magnets, you want to save resources by using as little material as possible, while generating as large of a force as possible on the object in question. To calculate the force of a one-sided magnet, you can use COMSOL Multiphysics and the AC/DC Module.

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Fanny Littmarck | March 14, 2014

Branch line couplers, a type of 90-degree or quadrature hybrid coupler, are popular because they are simple to fabricate and easy to design. They are passive devices commonly used in single-antenna transmitter systems and I/Q signal splitters/combiners. Let’s look at the basics of how this type of coupler works and some of its important design aspects.

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Lexi Carver | March 12, 2014

Have you ever wondered why boaters wear polarized sunglasses? It’s because sunlight reflecting off the water is primarily polarized in one direction, and polarized sunglasses will block this component of the reflected light, thus reducing glare. To understand why this is, we can use COMSOL software. This example solves the governing Maxwell’s equations using the RF Module or Wave Optics Module to simulate light incident at an angle upon a dielectric medium, and the solution shows agreement with analytic solutions.

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Marc Fernandez Silva | March 5, 2014

Being able to compute the spatial gradients of the magnetic field or magnetic flux density is needed in areas such as radiology, magnetophoresis, and geophysics. One of the most important applications is in the design of magnetic resonance imaging machines, where it’s important to analyze not only the field strength, but also the spatial variation of the field. Today’s blog will demonstrate how to compute and plot the gradients of the magnetic field in 3D electromagnetic simulations in COMSOL Multiphysics.

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Mark Fowler | February 24, 2014

Submarines can be detected by enemy weapon systems due to their magnetic signatures. By designing vessels with reduced magnetic signatures, detection can be avoided, but the composition and size of most submarines often make simulation difficult. COMSOL software helps you overcome this problem.

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Supratik Datta | February 14, 2014

The direct and inverse piezoelectric effects are strongly related to how anisotropic the material is, which in turn is related to the crystalline structure of the piezoelectric material. The extent of anisotropy can also be influenced by a process called poling. Here, I’ll discuss how you can correctly model the crystal orientation and poling direction of a piezoelectric material in your COMSOL simulations.

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Walter Frei | January 17, 2014

We often want to model an electromagnetic wave (light, microwaves) incident upon periodic structures, such as diffraction gratings, metamaterials, or frequency selective surfaces. This can be done using the RF or Wave Optics modules from the COMSOL product suite. Both modules provide Floquet periodic boundary conditions and periodic ports and compute the reflected and transmitted diffraction orders as a function of incident angles and wavelength. This blog post introduces the concepts behind this type of analysis and walks through the […]

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Lexi Carver | January 7, 2014

An RF MEMS switch is an electromechanical component found in RF systems. It usually consists of a micromechanical bridge or cantilever, a substrate, and an electrode or dielectric layer. These devices can switch at RF frequencies and tend to have high isolation, i.e. power loss when the switch turns off; low insertion loss (loss of signal power when the switch is on), and extremely low (almost zero!) power consumption. Let’s take a look at how you can use COMSOL Multiphysics […]

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