The Graphene Revolution: Part 5
In a paper titled “Choosing a Gate Dielectric for Graphene Based Transistors“, the applications of a semiconducting form of graphene are examined. As we have seen before, single-layer graphene is not a semiconductor, it is a zero bandgap conductor (a semimetal). Efforts are well underway to introduce bandgaps to graphene, which would make it semiconducting with a room temperature mobility an order of magnitude higher than silicon. The race is already underway to find applications for such a material once the remaining technical challenges have been overcome. An application of semiconducting graphene is the design of next-generation, fast switching semiconductor metal oxide field effect transistors (MOSFETs).