Buoyancy Flow with Darcy's Law: The Elder Problem
Model ID: 657
Density variations can initiate flow even in a still fluid. In earth systems, density variations can arise from naturally occurring salts, subsurface temperature changes, or migrating pollution. This buoyant or density-driven flow factors into fluid movement in salt-lake systems, saline-disposal basins, dense contaminant and leachate plumes, and geothermal reservoirs, to name just a few.
This example duplicates a benchmark problem for time-dependent buoyant flow in porous media. Known as the Elder problem, it follows a laboratory experiment to study thermal convection. This model examines the Elder problem for concentrations through a 2-way coupling of two physics interfaces: Darcy’s Law and Solute Transport.