# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.

Use the Quick Search to find tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise. Log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the MPH-files.

### Thermal Modeling of a Cylindrical Lithium-Ion Battery in 3D

This example simulates the heat profile in an air-cooled cylindrical battery in 3d. The battery is placed in a matrix in a battery pack. The thermal model is coupled to a 1d-battery model that is used to generate a heat source in the active battery material. The model requires the Batteries & Fuel Cells Module and the Heat Transfer Module

### Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a common technique in electroanalysis. It is used to study the harmonic response of an electrochemical system. A small, sinusoidal variation is applied to the potential at the working electrode, and the resulting current is analyzed in the frequency domain. The real and imaginary components of the impedance give information about the kinetic and ...

### 2D Lithium-Ion Battery

The following example is a 2D tutorial model of a lithium-ion battery. The cell geometry is not based on a real application; it is only meant to demonstrate a 2D model setup.

### Cyclic Voltammetry

Cyclic voltammetry is a common analytical technique for investigating electrochemical systems. In this method, the potential difference between a working electrode and a reference electrode is swept linearly in time from a start potential to a vertex potential, and back again. The current-voltage waveform, called a voltammogram, provides information about the reactivity and mass transport ...

### Capacity Fade of a Lithium-Ion Battery

This 1D model example demonstrates how to use the Events interface in conjunction with a battery cell model to simulate battery capacity loss during cycling. The battery is switched between constant voltage and constant current operation, both during charge and discharge. Cycleable lithium is lost in the negative electrode due to a parasitic lithium/solvent reduction reaction.

### 1D Isothermal Lithium-Ion Battery

This model demonstrates the Lithium-Ion Battery interface for studying the discharge and charge of a lithium-ion battery for a given set of material properties. The geometry is in one dimension and the model is isothermal. Battery developers can use the model to investigate the influence of various design parameters such as the choice of materials, dimensions, and the particle size distribution ...

### Current Density Distribution in a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

This model presents a study of the current density distribution in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The model includes the full coupling between the mass balances at the anode and cathode, the momentum balances in the gas channels, the gas flow in the porous electrodes, the balance of the ionic current carried by the oxide ion, and a balance of electronic current. A truly large number of ...

### Species Transport in the Gas Diffusion Layers of a PEM

This example focuses on the species transport within the gas diffusion layers (GDLs) of a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The geometry models a cell with two adjacent flow channels of different pressures, a situation that may occur in a cell with serpentine flow channels, or in a cell using an interdigitated flow field design. The model uses current balances, mass transport equations ...

### Mass Transport Analysis of a High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell

This model example investigates the transport of reactants and water in a high temperature PEMFC. The model includes mass and momentum transport phenomena in the flow channels, gas diffusion layers (GDLs), and porous electrodes, as well as electrochemical currents in the GDLs, the porous electrodes, and the polymer membrane.

### Liquid-Cooled Lithium-Ion Battery Pack

This model simulates a temperature profile in a number of cells and cooling fins in a liquid-cooled battery pack. The model solves in 3D and for an operational point during a load cycle. A full 1D electrochemical model for the lithium battery calculates the average heat source.

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