# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.

Use the Quick Search to find tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise. Log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the MPH-files.

### Thermal Modeling of a Cylindrical Lithium-Ion Battery in 2D

This model example simulates an air-cooled cylindrical 18650 lithium-ion battery during a charge-discharge cycle, followed by a relaxing period. A one-dimensional cell model is used to model the battery cell chemistry, and a two-dimensional axi-symmetrical model is used to model the temperature in the battery.

### Mass Transport and Electrochemical Reaction in a Fuel Cell Cathode

A stationary 3D model of a generic fuel cell cathode describing the mass fraction distribution of oxygen, water, and nitrogen, as well as the current distribution. The model uses Darcy's Law to describe convection, and couples this to Maxwell-Stefan diffusivities to also describe mass transport. The model shows that the current density in this fuel cell cathode is mass transfer governed by the ...

### 1D Lithium-Ion Battery Impedance Model

The impedance of a lithium-ion battery cell with a negative LTO and positive NCA electrode is modeled for harmonic perturbations between 10 mHz to 1000 Hz. The model incorporates an additional double-layer current at the conductive material in the positive electrode. The impedance of each electrode is also possible to investigate versus a reference electrode located in the middle of the ...

### Single Particle Model of a Lithium-Ion Battery

An isothermal single particle model formulation for a lithium-ion battery is presented in this work. The single particle model is a simplification of the 1D formulation for a lithium-ion battery along with a few assumptions. The model is typically valid for low-medium current scenarios. Note that validity of the assumptions and applicability of the single particle model also depends on the ...

### Orange Battery

This tutorial example models the currents and the concentration of dissolved metal ions in a battery (corrosion cell) made from an orange and two metal nails. This type of battery is commonly used in chemistry lessons. Instead of an orange, lemons or potatoes can also be used.

### Voltammetry at a Microdisk Electrode

Voltammetry is modeled at a microelectrode of 10um radius. In this common analytical electrochemistry technique, the potential at a working electrode is swept up and down and the current is recorded. The current-voltage waveform ("voltammogram") gives information about the reactivity and mass transport properties of the analyte. Microelectrodes are popular in electroanalysis because they ...

This 2D example of a vanadium flow battery demonstrates how to couple a secondary current distribution model for an ion-exchange membrane to tertiary current distribution models for two different free electrolyte compartments of a flow battery. Donnan potentials are used to model the potential shifts at the interfaces between the membrane and the free electrolyte domains.

### All-Solid-State Lithium-Ion Battery

This example shows how to use the Tertiary Current Distribution interface to model the currents and electrolyte mass transport in a thin-film all-solid-state lithium-ion battery. A separate Transport of Diluted Species interface is coupled to the electrochemical reactions to model the mass transport of lithium in the positive electrode. Various discharge currents are studied, and the ...

### Lithium-Ion Battery with Multiple Intercalating Electrode Materials

Lithium-ion batteries can have multiple active materials in both the positive and negative electrodes. For example, the positive electrode can have a mix of active materials such as transition metal oxides, layered metal oxides, olivines etc. These materials can have different design properties (volume fraction, particle size), thermodynamic properties (open circuit voltage), transport ...

### Fuel Cell with Serpentine Flow Field

This example models the flow and mass transport in the channels and the gas diffusion layer (GDL) of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell. The cathode electrode reaction is modeled as a boundary condition, where the local current density depends on the overpotential and the local oxygen concentration. The overpotential is solved for along the cathode boundary by the use of a distributed DAE. The ...