Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Flow of Oldroyd-B Viscoelastic Fluid

Many complex fluids of interest exhibit a combination of viscous and elastic behavior under strain. Examples of such fluids are polymer solutions and melts, oil, toothpaste, and clay, among many others. The Oldroyd-B fluid presents one of the simplest constitutive models capable of describing the viscoelastic behavior of dilute polymeric solutions under general flow conditions. Despite the ...

Thermophoresis

When a temperature gradient in a gas exists, suspended particles will tend to move from regions of high temperature to low. The force which produces this effect is called the thermophoretic force. Gas molecules colliding with a particle from the hot side have a higher velocity than the cold side, which results in a net force towards cold areas. This effect can be exploited to create thermal ...

NACA 0012 Airfoil

This model simulates the flow around an inclined NACA 0012 airfoil at different angles of attack using the SST turbulence model. The results show good agreement with the experimental lift data of Ladson and the pressure data of Gregory and O’Reilly.

Water Purification Reactor

Water purification for turning natural water into drinking water is a process constituted of several steps. At least one step must be a disinfectant step. One way to achieve efficient disinfection in an environmentally friendly way is to use ozone. A typical ozone purification reactor is about 40 m long and resembles a maze with partial walls or baffles that divide the space into room-sized ...

Phase Separation

Phase separation occurs when a binary system is quenched from its stable, homogeneous one-phase state into the two-phase region of its phase diagram. The spontaneous separation of two immiscible fluids is sometimes referred to as spinodal decomposition. Each phase tends to separate into pure components. This benchmark model takes two initially mixed, immiscible phases and observes their ...

Turbulent Two-Phase Flow Benchmark

This model shows how to solve a turbulent two-phase flow problem with the k-epsilon Turbulence Model closure model. Industrial scale mold-filling problems often involve free-surface flows with a high Reynolds number, and a suitable turbulence model must be employed. Liquid water is injected into a filling plate at a velocity of 16 m/s. The liquid density is 1000 kg/m3 and the viscosity is ...

Non-Newtonian Flow

This model shows the influence of shear rate dependent viscosity on the flow of a linear polystyrene solution. For this type of flow, you can use the Carreau viscosity model. Due to rotational symmetry, it is possible to reduce the model dimensions from 3D to axisymmetric 2D.

Turbulent Flow over a Backward-Facing Step

The backward facing step is an interesting case for studying the performance and solution strategy of a turbulence model. In this case, the flow is subjected to a sudden increase of cross-sectional area, resulting in a separation of flow starting at the point of expansion. Spatial variations in the velocity field cause production of turbulence outside the wall region and its interaction with ...

Swirl Flow Around a Rotating Disk

Swirl flow is an application that involves steady rotational flow around an axis. Rather than modeling this process in 3D, COMSOL Multiphysics provides a 2D axisymmetric interface where the flow in the rotational direction is still included in the equations. This example shows the effect of a rotating cylinder on the flow in a container. Such applications are often used in chemical kinetic ...

Flow in a Bubble Column Reactor

This example illustrates multiphase flow modeling in a bubble column reactor. The reactor is filled with water and gas bubbles are injected from the bottom. Due to buoyancy, the bubbles rise, inducing a circulating motion of the liquid. Furthermore, as the bubbles rise through the water, gas dissolves from the bubbles into the liquid. The example uses the macroscopic, two-phase flow model ...

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