Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Ibuprofen Synthesis

Kinetic analysis of catalytic reactions is essential for understanding rate behavior as well as the reaction mechanism. Developing knowledge of intrinsic reaction kinetics and of rate equations is central to reaction engineering studies aimed at improving reactor design. This model illustrates the reaction kinetics of a complex chemistry occurring in a perfectly stirred tank reactor. The ...

Oscillating Droplet

Cemented tungsten carbides are hard metals used in steel cutting tools. They are produced by heating a powder consisting typically of tungsten carbide (WC) grains and cobalt (Co) grains. When the powder is heated, the cobalt melts but the tungsten carbide remains solid. The liquid cobalt glues the tungsten carbide grains together and forces air to flow out of the material. When the medium is ...

Isothermal HI Reactor

For a perfectly mixed reactor with a predefined constant temperature, the reacting system’s energy balance is not needed to describe the system behavior. The behavior is defined as the composition and the production or consumption of species over time. Furthermore, because the reactor is perfectly mixed, the Reaction Engineering interface can also set up a model even though it has no ...

Nonisothermal HI Reactor

In the case of a perfectly mixed nonisothermal system, you have to set up both the time-dependent material and energy balances. There are no spatial concentration gradients because the system is perfectly mixed, so the Reaction Engineering interface can create a model without evaluating the material-transport properties.

Space-Dependent HI Reactor

This model deals with a reacting system comprising of an equimolar mixture of hydrogen and iodine gas which is allowed to react and form HI. Composition and temperature are allowed to vary both in space and time. This means that you have to define material balances, energy balances, and transport properties in the Reaction Engineering interface. These balances and properties are exported to ...

Degradation of DNA in Plasma

Biotechnology is a rapidly growing area in the pharmaceutical sciences. One example of a clinical application is gene therapy, where it is possible to produce proteins in vivo, using the body’s own mechanisms for protein production. Major issues in gene delivery involve the transport of plasmid DNA (pDNA) to target sites and the conversion between different forms of pDNA. This model ...

Chemical Equilibrium in a Protein Adsorption Ion-exchanger

This example uses algebraic equilibrium relations to model the time-dependent adsorption of proteins to an ion-exchange medium. The fluid phase contains three components: two proteins and one salt. The adsorption/desorption kinetics are described by a set of equilibrium reactions where proteins displace ions adsorbed at the surface and vice versa. The model highlights the implementation of ...

Nonisothermal Plug Flow Reactor

This model considers the thermal cracking of acetone, which is a key step in the production of acetic anhydride. The gas phase reaction takes place under nonisothermal conditions in a plug-flow reactor. As the cracking chemistry is endothermic, control over the temperature in the reactor is essential in order to achieve reasonable conversion. When the reactor is run under adiabatic conditions, ...

Optimal Cooling of a Tubular Reactor

Maximizing product yield is a main task in chemical reaction engineering. This can be especially challenging if the desired product, once formed, can be consumed by further reactions. This example investigates such a series reaction as it occurs in a tubular reactor. You will start by setting up the tightly coupled mass and energy balance equations describing the reactor using predefined ...

Fine Chemical Production in a Plate Reactor

Plate reactors running under continuous conditions have emerged as candidates to replace batch reactors, primarily in fine chemicals and pharmaceuticals production. One of the advantages of the plate reactor design is that it allows for efficient temperature control of the reacting fluid. For instance, this means that the heat released from strongly exothermic reactions can be readily dissipated ...

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