Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

A Transient Analysis of Freeze-Drying

Freeze-drying, or lyophilization, is a process for drying heat-sensitive substances such as foods, blood plasma, and antibiotics. The wet substance is frozen and then, through sublimation, ice (or some other frozen solvent) is removed in the presence of a high vacuum. This example models the process of ice sublimation in a vial under vacuum-chamber conditions, a test case for many freeze-drying ...

Acoustic-Structure Interaction

Liquid or gas acoustics coupled to structural objects such as membranes, plates or solids are important applications in many engineering fields. This model is a general demonstration of an acoustic fluid phenomenon in 3D that is coupled to a solid object. The walls of the solid object are impacted by the acoustic pressure. The frequency response from the solid is calculated, which is then fed ...

Model of a Diffuse Double Layer

In the diffuse double layer and within the first few nanometers of an electrode surface, the assumption of electroneutrality is not valid due to charge separation. Typically, the diffuse double layer may be of interest when modeling very thin layers of electrolyte including those in electrochemical capacitors and microelectrodes. This example shows how to couple the Nernst-Planck equations to ...

Inkjet Nozzle: Level Set

Inkjet printers are attractive tools for printing text and images because they combine low cost and high resolution with acceptable speed. Designers can vary several parameters to modify a printer’s performance. Simulations can be useful to improve the understanding of the fluid flow and to predict the optimal design of an inkjet for a specific application. Although initially invented to ...

Optical Scattering by Gold Nanospheres

This model demonstrates the simulation of the scattering of a plane wave of light by a gold nanosphere. The scattering is computed for the optical frequency range over which gold can be modeled as a material with negative complex-valued permittivity. The far-field pattern and losses are computed.

Plastic Deformation During the Expansion of a Biomedical Stent

A stent is a wire-mesh tube used to open a coronary artery during angioplasty, a process for the removal or compression of plaque. Their design is of significance for percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting. During this procedure, a stent is deployed into the blood vessel by means of a balloon. The expanded stent acts as a scaffold that keeps the blood vessel open. During this ...

Tonpilz Piezo Transducer

The tonpilz (sound mushroom) piezo transducer is a transducer for relatively low frequency, high power sound emission. The transducer consists of piezoceramic rings stacked between massive ends and pre-stressed by a central bolt. The tail and head mass lower the resonance frequency of the device. In this model the frequency response of the transducer when the bolt is not pre-stressed is ...

Transonic Flow in a Sajben Diffuser

In this model the high speed turbulent gas flow in a converging and diverging nozzle is modeled using the High Mach Number Flow interface. The diffuser is transonic in the sense that the flow at the inlet is subsonic, but due to the contraction and the low outlet pressure, the flow accelerates and becomes sonic (Ma = 1) in the throat of the nozzle. After a short region of supersonic flow, a ...

Voltage Induced in a Coil by Moving Magnet

A magnet moving axially through the center of a coil will induce a voltage across the coil terminals. One practical application of this is in shaker flashlights, where the flashlight is vigorously shaken back and forth, causing a magnet to move through a multi-turn coil, which provides charge to the battery. In this model, the motion of a magnet through a coil is modeled, and the induced voltages ...

NACA 0012 Airfoil

This model simulates the flow around an inclined NACA 0012 airfoil at different angles of attack using the SST turbulence model. The results show good agreement with the experimental lift data of Ladson and the pressure data of Gregory and O’Reilly.

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