Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Copper Layer on Silica Glass

In this time-dependent model, a silica block of glass, coated with a thin copper layer is subjected to a heat flux. Copper is a highly conductive material, while the silica glass is of poor thermal conductivity, which sets up an highly-varied temperature differential. The model must therefore account for a highly conductive layer. This is done, using a the Highly Conductive Layer feature in ...

Heat Transfer in a Surface-Mount Package for a Silicon Chip

All integrated circuits—especially high-speed devices—produce heat. In today’s dense electronic system layouts heat sources are many times placed close to heat-sensitive ICs. Designers of printed-circuit boards often need to consider the relative placement of heat-sensitive and heat-producing devices, so that the sensitive ones do not overheat. One type of heat-generating device is a ...

Disk-Stack Heat Sink - new

This problem follows a typical preliminary board-level thermal analysis. First perform a simulation of the board with some Integrated Circuits (ICs). Then, add a disk-stack heat sink to observe cooling effects. Finally, explore adding a copper layer to the bottom of the board in order to even out the temperature distribution. This exercise highlights a number of useful modeling techniques such ...

Condensation Detection in an Electronic Device

This example simulates the thermodynamical evolution of moist air in an electronic box with the aim of detecting whether condensation occurs when the external environment properties change. The model imports measured data for the air temperature, pressure, and water vapor concentration. For the first part of the simulation, the water vapor concentration is considered to be homogeneous inside the ...

Power Transistor

In every system where there is conduction of electric current, and where the conductivity of the material is finite, there will be electric heating. Electric heating, also referred to as Joule heating, is in many cases an undesired by-product of current conduction. This model simulates a system consisting of a small part of a circuit board containing a power transistor and the copper pathways ...

Non-Isothermal Flow Around a Cooling Device

This model shows the application of COMSOL Multiphysics in the modeling of non-isothermal laminar flow of fluids (in this case a gas). The model assumes that the expansion work done by the gas is negligible, that the variations in temperature are obtained through external heating, and that the fluid is an ideal gas. The model treats the steady flow of a gas over a fin, which is heated by an ...

Thermophoresis

When a temperature gradient in a gas exists, suspended particles will tend to move from regions of high temperature to low. The force which produces this effect is called the thermophoretic force. Gas molecules colliding with a particle from the hot side have a higher velocity than the cold side, which results in a net force towards cold areas. This effect can be exploited to create thermal ...

Heating of a Slab

This simple example covers the heating of a finite slab and how the temperature varies with time. We will set up the problem in COMSOL Multiphysics after which we compare the solution to the analytical solution.

Thermal Modeling of a Power Transformer

This model describes the temperature distribution in a coil-shaped power transformer which is cooled by forced flow of transformer oil from the bottom. The properties of the oil varies strongly with temperature, making modeling of the fluid flow in combination with the heat transfer necessary. The results show the position of the "hot spot", and that there is an unexpected radial flow component ...

Rapid Thermal Annealing in the Semiconductor Manufacturing Industry

In the semiconductor industry, rapid thermal annealing (RTA) is a semiconductor process step used for the activation of dopants and the interfacial reaction of metal contacts. In principle, the operation involves rapid heating of a wafer from ambient to approximately 1000–1500 K. As soon as the wafer reaches this temperature, it is held there for a few seconds and then finally quenched. An ...

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