# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.

Use the Quick Search to find tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise. Log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the MPH-files.

### Fresnel Equations

A plane electromagnetic wave propagating through free space is incident at an angle upon an infinite dielectric medium. This model computes the reflection and transmission coefficients and compares to the Fresnel equations.

### Lossy Circular Waveguide

In mode analysis it is usually the primary goal to find a propagation constant. This quantity is often, but not always, real valued; if the analysis involves some lossy part, such as a nonzero conductivity or an open boundary, the eigenvalue is complex. In such situations, the real and imaginary parts have separate interpretations: The real part is the propagation constant The imaginary part ...

### RF Heating

This is a model of an RF waveguide bend with a dielectric block inside. There are electromagnetic losses in the block as well as on the waveguide walls which cause the assembly to heat up over time. The material properties of the block are functions of temperature. The transient thermal behavior, as well as the steady-state solution, are computed.

### Microwave Oven

This is a model of the heating process in a microwave oven. The distributed heat source is computed in a stationary, frequency domain electromagnetic analysis followed. This is followed by a transient heat transfer simulation showing how the heat redistributes in the food.

### Modeling of a Mobile Device Antenna

Electrical components in wireless communication systems are designed to be small and light for portability and productivity while maintaining decent performance and efficiency. Antennas are essential components in mobile devices and are required to fit in the limited space allowed by industrial specifications. To fulfill this requirement, a planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) is common and a ...

### Simulating Wireless Power Transfer in Circular Loop Antennas

This model addresses the concept of wireless power transfer by studying the energy coupling between two circular loop antennas tuned for UHF RFID frequency whose size is reduced using chip inductors. The circular loop antenna provides inherent inductive coupling by its shape, and it can be easily miniaturized for low frequency applications. While the orientation of a transmitting antenna is ...

### Radar Cross Section

This tutorial model demonstrates the use of a background field in an electromagnetic scattering problem. Although this example is a boat hit by a radar, this same technique can be used in any situation where an isolated object meets electromagnetic waves from a distant source. For example, several orders of magnitude smaller, an equally common application is plasmon resonant nanoparticles. ...

### Modeling of Pyramidal Absorbers for an Anechoic Chamber

In this model, a microwave absorber is constructed from an infinite 2D array of pyramidal lossy structures. Pyramidal absorbers with radiation-absorbent material (RAM) are commonly used in anechoic chambers for electromagnetic wave measurements. Microwave absorption is modeled using a lossy material to imitate the electromagnetic properties of conductive carbon-loaded foam.

### Finding the Impedance of a Coaxial Cable

The coaxial cable (coax) is one of the most ubiquitous transmission line structures. It is composed of a central circular conductor, surrounded by an annular dielectric, and shielded by an outer conductor. This model computes the electric and magnetic field distribution inside of the coaxial cable, analyzes the impedance, and compares the result with the analytic solution.

### Computing the Radar Cross Section of a Perfectly Conducting Sphere

A classic benchmark problem in computational electromagnetics is to solve for the radar cross section (RCS) of a sphere in free space illuminated by a plane wave. This model solves for the RCS of a metallic sphere that has a very high conductivity, which can be treated as a material with infinite conductivity. Results are compare to the analytic solution, and agreement is shown.