In this model, a microwave absorber is constructed from an infinite 2D array of pyramidal lossy structures. Pyramidal absorbers with radiation-absorbent material (RAM) are commonly used in anechoic chambers for electromagnetic wave measurements. Microwave absorption is modeled using a lossy material to imitate the electromagnetic properties of conductive carbon-loaded foam.
A dielectric resonator placed near a radiating element can be used to increase directivity and gain. Here, a block of quartz dielectric, with additional passive metallic antenna elements, is placed above a slot antenna. The fields in and around the antenna are solved for. The far field pattern and impedance is computed and improved performance is seen.
An Electromagnetic Band Gap (EBG) structure can be used to increase the isolation between antennas close to each other. The decoupling effect is not only a function of frequency but also polarization and coupling-plane configuration. When designing an EBG structure, one needs to make sure to not apply an incorrect frequency and polarization, since this would increase the coupling between ...
A tapered slot antenna, also known as a Vivaldi antenna, is useful for wide band applications. Here, an exponential function is used for the taper profile. The objective of this model is to compute the far-field pattern and to compute the impedance of the structure. Good matching is observed over a wide frequency band.
A cascaded cavity filter provides much better bandpass filter performance compared to a single cavity. Out-of-band rejection improves dramatically using a cascaded design. This model uses three rectangular cavity filters coupled via slots. The calculated S-parameters show excellent out-of-band rejection.
An antenna balun blocks undesirable currents on the outside of a cable. A quarter-wave coaxial balun (1:1) is one of the easiest designs: it works as a transformer and makes the input impedance from the inner conductor to the outer conductor infinite. This model simulates an antenna prototype including a SMA Receptacle, an ABS enclosure and a quarter-wave coaxial balun. The frequency is tuned to ...
A spiral slot antenna provides a conformal design and can be used for communication, sensing, tracking, positioning, and many applications in different microwave frequency bands due to its wide-band frequency response. This model shows how to build a spiral geometry using parametric curves, and computes S-parameters and far-field patterns.
A planar dielectric slab waveguide demonstrates the principles behind any kind of dielectric waveguide such as a ridge waveguide or a step index fiber. This model solves for the effective index of a dielectric slab waveguide, as well as the fields, and compares to analytic results.
A plane electromagnetic wave propagating through free space is incident at an angle upon an infinite dielectric medium. This model computes the reflection and transmission coefficients and compares to the Fresnel equations.
A Branch Line Coupler (Quadrature 90° Hybrid) is a four-port network device with a 90° phase difference between two coupled ports. The device can be used for a single antenna Transmitter/Receiver system or an I/Q signal splitter/combiner. The objective of this model is to compute the S-parameters and to observe the matching, isolation, and coupling around the operating frequency.