# Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

### Mixed-Mode Debonding of a Laminated Composite

Interfacial failure by delamination or debonding can be simulated with a Cohesive Zone Model (CZM). This example shows the implementation of a CZM with a bilinear traction-separation law. It is used to predict the mixed-mode softening onset and delamination propagation in a composite material.

### In-Plane and Space Truss -A Linear Analysis

Trusses are elements which can only sustain axial forces. You can use trusses to model truss works where the edges are straight as well structures like sagging cables. In the following example you first build and solve a simple 2D truss model using the 2D Truss interface. Later on, you analyze a 3D variant of the same problem using the 3D Truss interface. This model calculates the deformation ...

In this example you will build and solve a 3D beam model using the 3D Beam interface. This model shows how a thermally induced deformation of a beam is modeled. Temperature differences are applied across the top and bottom surfaces as well as the left and right surfaces of the beam. The calculated solution is compared to the analytical solution.

This model is compared to a NAFEMS benchmark for composite material modeling, No R0031/2. The geometry is a long, thick, and hollow cylinder consisting of two layers, where an internal pressure is applied. The inner layer is made from an isotropic material, while the outer layer is made from an orthotropic material. This material's properties are equal in the radial and axial directions, yet ...

### Thermal Drift in a Microwave Filter Cavity

Microwave filters are used to eliminate unwanted frequency components in the output from microwave transmitters. They are typically inserted between a power amplifier and an antenna. The amplifiers are nonlinear and produce harmonics that must be eliminated with filters that have a rather narrow passband. Due to high power loads but also possibly from harsh environmental conditions (such as a ...

### Stress Analysis of an Elliptic Membrane

This is a benchmark model for a plane stress problem. The accuracy of the computed stress concentration is evaluated, and a mesh convergence study is performed for different element types.

### Pinched Hemispherical Shell

This example studies the deformation of a hemispherical shell, where the loads cause significant geometric nonlinearity. The maximum deflections are more than two magnitudes larger than the thickness of the shell. The problem is a standard benchmark, used for testing shell formulations in a case which contains membrane and bending action, as well as large rigid body rotation.

### Critical Frequencies for a Rotor

The rotor in an electric motor is analyzed. In the design of a motor it is important that no eigenfrequencies for the rotor lie within the operating interval of the revolution speed (in revolutions / second) for the motor. If the eigenfrequencies of the rotor lie in this interval then this shortens the engines lifetime, and can sometimes even lead to dysfunction and breakdown. This 3d model of ...

### Thick Wall Cylinder Benchmark Problem

A thick wall cylinder is exposed to both internal and external pressure and thermal load. The model is both plane and axisymmetric. The results are compared to the analytic solution.

### Connecting Shells and Beams

Many engineering structures consist of thin and slender components, where a full solid model will result in extremely many small elements. For such structures, it is much more efficient to use shell or beam elements. In this tutorial and verification model, it is shown how to connect beam and shell elements in different situations. The results are also compared to a solid model of the same ...