Constructal Design of Concurrent Power Distribution Networks

A.M. Morega[1], and J.C. Ordonez[2]
[1] Department of Electrical Engineering, POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest, Romania
[2] Department of Mechanical Engineering and Center for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University

This paper reports a strategy to design a network of higher immunity and capacity of recovery to faults or other destructive events.

The capacity of survivorship and recovery increases when the system possesses some redundancy, and this means sources and lines and switching capability that are able to take over areas that loose connectivity to their parent source. Therefore, a second network, comparable in terms of size, coverage, and power flow is provided in the region of interest.

The internetworking strategy relies on the constructal theory, which is concerned with optimizing the access path from a volume (here, the territory where the nodes of consumption are located) to a point (here, the source), under given resources (the network), and subject to internal and external constraints (local restrictions, finite size area, ports of access to the territory). Further to this approach the structure of the network is an outcome of the optimization principle.