Modeling of Natural and Combined Natural-Marangoni Convection Flows in a Low Prandtl Number Material Filled in a Square Mold by using COMSOL

F. Mechighel1,2,3, M. El Ganaoui2, B. Pateyron2 and M. Kadja3
1Mechanical Engineering Department, Annaba University, Annaba, Algeria
2SPCTS Laboratory, Limoges University, Limoges, France
3Mechanical Engineering Department, Constantine University, Constantine, Algeria

In the present paper a problem with both natural and combined natural-Marangoni convection flow of materials (having small Prandtl numbers of 0.0128, 0.054 and 0.71, respectively) filled in an enclosure has been investigated by a numerical simulation using COMSOL.

Solutions have been obtained for different values of the Rayleigh number. The generated flow under buoyancy and surface tension forces is laminar but could be of turbulent or transition-to-turbulent nature, under an increase of the thermal gradient which is accompanied by an increase of the surface tension effect.