S. Momjian, and D. Bichsel
 Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Switzerland
 HESSO Ecole d’Ingénieurs de Genève, Switzerland
Elastic and poro-elastic models of ventricular dilatation in hydrocephalus are presented in this paper. An important result was the accumulation of fluid capping the horns of the ventricles. This indicates the importance of interstitial fluid in calculating of the deformation of the brain.
S. Bourbigot, M. Jimenez, and S. Duquesne
Laboratoire Procédés d’Elaboration des Revêtements Fonctionnels, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Lille, Lille
In this paper, different approaches for modeling heat transfer in materials are examined: Heat anisotropy in styreneacrylonitrile copolymer provided by the nanodispersion and the orientation of single wall carbon nanotubes Heat protection of aluminum plate using nonwoven material made with high performance fibers Fire protection using intumescent paint on steel plate. It is shown that ...
S. Quiniou, F. Lesage , V. Ventenat, and M.A. Latifi
 Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy
 Centre de recherche Décathlon, Villeneuve d’Ascq
In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in fabrics used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear is presented. It is based on a model which is described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of free and adsorbed water and vapour and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. Two ...
Implementation of a Multi-Axial Pseudoelastic Model to Predict the Dynamic Behavior of Shape Memory Alloys
F. Thiebaud, M. Collet, E. Foltête, and C. Lexcellent
Institut FEMTO-ST, Besancon
Shape Memory Alloys are good candidates for being used as passive dampers, strain sensors, stiffness or shape drivers. In order to develop the use of these alloys in structural vibration control, we present in this paper how to implement a phenomenological model based on the Rl model in COMSOL Multiphysics. We use this implementation to simulate internal loops in order to characterize the ...
Boundary Conditions Identification for Thermostatic Cauchy Problem by Minimizing an Energy-like Function
LDMS, UMR CNRS-INSA 5006, ISTIL - Université Claude Bernard, Lyon
An energy-like error function is introduced in the context of the ill-posed problem of boundary data recovering, which is commopnly known as a Cauchy problem. Here the problem is converted into an optimization problem. Numerical simulations highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method.
S. Curet, O. Rouaud, and L. Boillereaux
ENITIAA, GEPEA – UMR, Nantes
This study deals with numerical and experimental investigations of a microwave thawing process. The microwave power generation is calculated from Maxwell’s equations and then from Lambert’s law, using COMSOL Multiphysics. For those two different approaches, the heat source term depends on the dielectric properties of the material. Numerical simulations are compared with experimental ...
D. Peyrard, Ph. Vervier, S. Sauvage, J.M. Sánchez-Pérez, and M. Quintard
 Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes, Toulouse
 Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse
The hyporheic zone is defined as an area where water and matter exchange through the sand, gravel, sediments and other permeable soils under and beside streams. Its impact on the hydro-system function is determined by the proportion of subsurface biogeochemical reactions and the fluxes of water exchanging with the hyporheic zone and flowing through the porous sediments. The objective of our ...
A. Proust, G. Girardin, B. Vuillemin, P. Combrade, and R. Oltra
 AREVA NP - Centre Technique - Département Corrosion-Chimie, Le Creusot
 Université de Bourgogne - Laboratoire de Recherche sur la Réactivité des Solides
The most common case of crevice corrosion occurs on passive materials such as stainless steels, in oxidizing-chloride environments. A flexible crevice propagation model has been developed to allow parametric studies of the solution. Our main results allow us to establish diagrams of stability of solid and gas phases within the crevice and to evaluate the influence of the external ...
A. Michau, F. Silva, K. Hassouni, and A. Gicquel
Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des Matériaux et des Hautes Pressions, Villetaneuse
A reduced equivalent plasma model is proposed for thermal dissociation of molecular hydrogen, which allows a detailed description of atomic hydrogen recombination. This model, implemented with COMSOL Multiphysics, also accounts for surface temperature and thermal exchange on cavity walls. A self-consistent model previously developed in our laboratory has enabled us to determine that, at ...
J.M. Cormier, F. Ouni, and A. Khacef
Gliding discharges at atmospheric pressure were investigated in the GREMI laboratory for different applications such as syngas production from methane steam reforming. In our case, the kinetics could be described by using a simplified second order model in which the rate reaction coefficient is obtained from a linearization of parameters. Calculated and experimental data are presented ...