S. Prabhakar and J. Raynolds
College of NanoScale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, Albany, NY, USA
Non-charge-based logic is the notion that an electron can be trapped and its spin manipulated through application of gate voltages. Numerical simulations of Spin Single Electron Transistors (SSET) at University at Albany, aimed at practical development of post-CMOS concepts and devices is presented. We use COMSOL based multiphysics finite element simulation strategy to solve the ...
E. Furlani, and A. Baev
The Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA
Plasmonic-based optical trapping is in its infancy and growing rapidly. Research in this area will significantly advance fundamental understanding in fields such as nanophotonics and biophotonics. Novel plasmonic trapping structures and systems can be designed and optimized using the COMSOL RF solver. We present a study of plasmonicbased optical trapping of neutral sub-wavelength ...
M. Vallance, and R. White
General Electric Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
Sodium/metal chloride storage batteries, used in hybrid propulsion applications, provide high energy and power densities safely and reliably. To understand the dynamics of electrochemical cycling, a high-temperature sodium/ferrous chloride storage cell was modeled in two dimensions. The time-dependent solution shows that a reaction front, starting at the interface with the negative electrode, ...
J. Gaillard, D. Locatelli, S. Mulani, and R. Kapania
Microelectronics and Micromechanics Department, Engineering school of ENSICAEN (Ecole National Superieure d'Ingénieurs de Caen), Caen, France
 Engineering Science and Mechanics Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
 Aerospace and Ocean Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA
The residual stresses developed in a stiffened panel manufactured using Electron Beam Freeform Fabrication (EBF3) process were studied. EBF3 process is a layer additive process that can be used to build near-net shaped parts directly using computer controlled techniques, which can be used for aerospace structures. A COMSOL model was created to simulate the residual stresses using a ...
S. Yang, and S. Seelecke
Department of Aerospace, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Raleigh, NC, USA
Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China
The application of shape memory alloys (SMA) as actuators in smart structures is a quickly developing field. The particular focus of this paper is on the aspects of modeling and simulation of adaptive structures with integrated SMAs using the finite element method (FEM). A number of generic SMA actuator wire/elastic beam systems are presented first to illustrate the different ways of ...
Energy Exchange During Electron Emission from Carbon Nanotubes: Considerations on Tip Cooling Effect and Destruction of the Emitter
M. Dionne, S. Coulombe, and J. Meunier
Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Murphy and Good general theory for electron emission from metal surfaces was used to predict the field-emission capabilities of ideal arrays of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNT). The Nottingham effect was taken into account in order to explain experimental observation of a localized cooling of the VACNT tips during field emission and the total destruction of very short emitters at ...
Fully Coupled Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Modeling by COMSOL Multiphysics, with Applications in Reservoir Geomechanical Characterization
T. Freeman, R. Chalaturnyk, and I. Bogdanov
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Expérimental (CHLOE), France
Because of the complex nature of geomaterials and presence of solid and fluid within a single system, it is crucial to consider all the physics involved within the geomaterial system. A fully coupled thermo-hydromechanical model is developed. The model consists of a three-phase flow model designed as a set of coupled PDE application modes that when coupled with the Heat Transfer Module and ...
Mathematics Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
We present an optimization procedure to optimize the maximum coupling of free space optical wave to surface plasmon. Shape derivative from shape sensitivity analysis is calculated, and the corresponding partial derivatives of the objective functional with respect to finite number of design variables are derived. An optimal design of the gratings to couple maximum amount of free space photon into ...
Electro-Thermal Modeling of High Power Light Emitting Diodes Based on Experimental Device Characterization
T. Lopez, and T. Margalith
Philips Research, Aachen, Germany
Philips Lumileds Lighting Company, San Jose, CA, USA
This paper presents a 3D finite element model in COMSOL for the electro-thermal analysis of high power light emitting diodes (LEDs). The proposed model and implementation approach require basic electrical and optical parameters that may be experimentally derived with the aid of advanced post-processing techniques. Extensive experimental validation reveals the capability of the model to accurately ...
Computation of Velocity, Pressure and Temperature Distributions near a Stagnation Point in Planar Laminar Viscous Incompressible Flow
E. Kaufman, and E. Gutierrez-Miravete
Pratt and Whitney, East Hartford, CT, USA
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
As gas turbine temperatures and component life requirements continue to rise, it becomes increasingly important to have a good understanding of the operating temperatures of their components. The objective of this study was to explorate whether a Hiemenz flow approximation based on measured static pressures near an airfoil leading edge can provide a good estimate of the leading edge heat transfer ...