Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Gate Control of Single-Electron Spins in GaAs/AlGaAs Semiconductor Quantum Dot

S. Prabhakar and J. Raynolds
College of NanoScale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, Albany, NY, USA

Non-charge-based logic is the notion that an electron can be trapped and its spin manipulated through application of gate voltages. Numerical simulations of Spin Single Electron Transistors (SSET) at University at Albany, aimed at practical development of post-CMOS concepts and devices is presented. We use COMSOL based multiphysics finite element simulation strategy to solve the ...

Full-Wave Analysis of Nanoscale Optical Trapping

E. Furlani, and A. Baev
The Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA

Plasmonic-based optical trapping is in its infancy and growing rapidly. Research in this area will significantly advance fundamental understanding in fields such as nanophotonics and biophotonics. Novel plasmonic trapping structures and systems can be designed and optimized using the COMSOL RF solver.   We present a study of plasmonicbased optical trapping of neutral sub-wavelength ...

Modeling Carbon Nanotube FET Physics in COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Kalavagunta
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA

Carbon nanotube FETs are generating much interest in the nanoscale electronics area. Typically subthreshold behavior in these devices has been modeled using the Laplace equation. Above threshold behavior uses self-consistent solutions to the Poisson and continuity equations. Accurate modeling of Carbon nanotube FETs needs to include quantum effects such as tunneling. Owing to the coupled nature ...

Fully Coupled Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Modeling by COMSOL Multiphysics, with Applications in Reservoir Geomechanical Characterization

T. Freeman[1], R. Chalaturnyk[1], and I. Bogdanov[2]
[1]University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
[2]Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Expérimental (CHLOE), France

Because of the complex nature of geomaterials and presence of solid and fluid within a single system, it is crucial to consider all the physics involved within the geomaterial system. A fully coupled thermo-hydromechanical model is developed. The model consists of a three-phase flow model designed as a set of coupled PDE application modes that when coupled with the Heat Transfer Module and ...

Use of COMSOL In Aerodynamic Optimization of the UNLV Solar-Powered Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

L. Dube, W. McElroy, and D. Pepper

University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

We discuss the use of COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4 in the aerodynamic optimization process of the UNLV solarpowered UAV. We also address the use of COMSOL’s Multiphysics ability and how it was used within the scope of the project. In particular we highlight the development of wingtip devices, some of which are non-planar lifting surfaces, and we analyze how these changes affect the airframe ...

Energy Exchange During Electron Emission from Carbon Nanotubes: Considerations on Tip Cooling Effect and Destruction of the Emitter

M. Dionne, S. Coulombe, and J. Meunier
Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Murphy and Good general theory for electron emission from metal surfaces was used to predict the field-emission capabilities of ideal arrays of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNT). The Nottingham effect was taken into account in order to explain experimental observation of a localized cooling of the VACNT tips during field emission and the total destruction of very short emitters at ...

Time-Harmonic Modeling of Squirrel-Cage Induction Motors: A Circuit-Field Coupled Approach

R. Escarela-Perez[1], E. Melgoza[2], and E. Campero-Littlewood[1]

[1]Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana - Azcapotzalco, Departamento de Energia, México, D.F., Mexico
[2]Instituto Tecnologico de Morelia, Morelia, Mich., C.P., Mexico

Finite element modeling of three-phase induction machines requires the solution of coupled circuit and field equations. This work aims to solve this problem using a strong coupling approach.   This work includes circuit field coupling and proper air-gap meshing, using the AC/DC Module of COMSOL Multiphysics and SPICE. As a result, a quasi-3D model can be obtained with an accurate field ...

Dependence of Potential and Ion Distribution on Electrokinetic Radius in Infinite and Finite-length Nano-channels

J. Schiffbauer[1], J. Fernandez[2], W. Booth[1], K. Kelly[3], A. Timperman[3], and B. Edwards[1]
[1]Physics Dept. West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Chemical Engineering Dept,West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[3]Dept. of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

A site-binding/dissociation model is used to determine surface charge in numerical studies of the equilibrium potential and ion distributions inside infinite and finite-length nano-channels. This COMSOL model allows us to investigate the response of surface (zeta) potential to environmental parameters such as reservoir salt concentration, solution pH and wall separation. The resulting ion and ...

Optimal Design for the Grating Coupler of Surface Plasmons

Y. Huang

Mathematics Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA

We present an optimization procedure to optimize the maximum coupling of free space optical wave to surface plasmon. Shape derivative from shape sensitivity analysis is calculated, and the corresponding partial derivatives of the objective functional with respect to finite number of design variables are derived. An optimal design of the gratings to couple maximum amount of free space photon into ...

Electromagnetic Analysis of Cloaking Metamaterial Structures

E. Furlani, and A. Baev
The Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA

We study cylindrical and spherical shell structures that have cloaking material properties proposed by Pendry et al. We use 2D and 3D time-harmonic analysis to study the field distribution and power flow for various arrangements of these structures. We have shown that the COMSOL RF solver is well suited for the analysis of cloaking metamaterial structures If cloaking material properties can be ...

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