Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

COMSOL Implementation of a Multiphase Fluid Flow Model in Porous Media

M. Diaz-Viera, D. Lopez-Falcon, A. Moctezuma-Berthier, and A. Ortiz-Tapia
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, México D.F., Mexico

The aim of the present work is to implement in COMSOL Multiphysics a multiphase fluid flow model in porous media, also known in the oil reservoir engineering literature as a black oil model, using a standard finite element approach. In particular, we are interested to apply this model coupled with a multiphase, multicomponent transport model to study Enhanced Oil Recovery processes at laboratory ...

Transport, Growth, Decay and Sorption of Microorganisms and Nutrients through Porous Media: A Simulation with COMSOL

D. Lopez-Falcon, M. Diaz-Viera, and A. Ortiz-Tapia
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo, México D.F., Mexico

Transport of microorganisms through porous media governs many phenomena in bioremediation of environmental pollution problems and microbial enhanced oil recovery. The aim of this work is to investigate the effects of some transport parameters on breakthrough curves as well as on spatial distribution of components transported through a porous medium by a fluid phase. Using COMSOL Multiphysics and ...

Mixing of Liquids in Microfluidic Devices

B. Finlayson, A. Aditya, V. Brasher, L. Dahl, H. Dinh, A. Field, J. Flynn, C. Jenssen, D. Kress, F. Ninh, A. Nordmeier, H. Song, and C. Yuen

University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA

The mixing of liquids was characterized in thirteen different microfluidic devices. The goal was to characterize, in a uniform manner, the flow and mixing that occurred in slow, laminar flow and to present the results that allow quick designs.   The mixing of a dilute chemical in another liquid during slow, laminar flow is a particularly difficult task, but the results showed that for ...

COMSOL® and MATLAB® Integration to Optimize Heat Exchangers Using Genetic Algorithms Technique

J. Muñoz[1], R. Valencia[2], and C. Nieto [3]
[1] Semillero Termodinámica y Fluidos, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia
[2] Grupo Automática y Diseño
[3] Instituto de Energía y Termodinámica, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia

Genetic Algorithms (GA) have proved to be a complete and effective approach for solving optimization problems. This article presents the integration between COMSOL® and a GA optimization tool coded in MATLAB® for the optimization of two thermal systems: a constant area fin in 2D and a concentric heat exchanger in 2D. Analysis permitted us to achieve efficiencies of up to 90%. For the ...

Modeling Carbon Nanotube FET Physics in COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Kalavagunta
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA

Carbon nanotube FETs are generating much interest in the nanoscale electronics area. Typically subthreshold behavior in these devices has been modeled using the Laplace equation. Above threshold behavior uses self-consistent solutions to the Poisson and continuity equations. Accurate modeling of Carbon nanotube FETs needs to include quantum effects such as tunneling. Owing to the coupled nature ...

CFD-based Evaluation of Drag Force on a Sphere Unsteadily Moving Perpendicularly toward a Solid Surface: a Simple Model of a Biological Spring, Vorticella Convallaria

S. Ryu[1], and P. Matsudaira[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Department of Biology and Bioengineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Vorticella convallaria, a sessile peritrich ciliate having a contractile stalk, is regarded as a model biological spring because of its remarkably fast contraction. Because the cell body shrinks to sphere-like shape during contractions, it can be assumed to be a sphere moving in quiescent water, and Vorticella’s contraction force has been evaluated with Stokes’ law. In this study, we ...

Optics at the Nanoscale: Merging Nanoparticles with Light

Naomi Halas
Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry and Bioengineering,
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA

Dr. Naomi Halas is currently Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemistry, and Bioengineering at Rice University. She is the inventor of nanoshells, nanoparticles with optical resonances spanning the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. She is co-founder of a company developing nanoshell-based cancer therapy. She is author of more than 150 refereed publications, more than ...

Electro-Thermal Modeling of High Power Light Emitting Diodes Based on Experimental Device Characterization  

T. Lopez[1], and T. Margalith[2]

[1]Philips Research, Aachen, Germany
[2]Philips Lumileds Lighting Company, San Jose, CA, USA

This paper presents a 3D finite element model in COMSOL for the electro-thermal analysis of high power light emitting diodes (LEDs). The proposed model and implementation approach require basic electrical and optical parameters that may be experimentally derived with the aid of advanced post-processing techniques. Extensive experimental validation reveals the capability of the model to accurately ...

Time-Harmonic Modeling of Squirrel-Cage Induction Motors: A Circuit-Field Coupled Approach

R. Escarela-Perez[1], E. Melgoza[2], and E. Campero-Littlewood[1]

[1]Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana - Azcapotzalco, Departamento de Energia, México, D.F., Mexico
[2]Instituto Tecnologico de Morelia, Morelia, Mich., C.P., Mexico

Finite element modeling of three-phase induction machines requires the solution of coupled circuit and field equations. This work aims to solve this problem using a strong coupling approach.   This work includes circuit field coupling and proper air-gap meshing, using the AC/DC Module of COMSOL Multiphysics and SPICE. As a result, a quasi-3D model can be obtained with an accurate field ...

Computation of Velocity, Pressure and Temperature Distributions near a Stagnation Point in Planar Laminar Viscous Incompressible Flow

E. Kaufman[1], and E. Gutierrez-Miravete[2]

[1]Pratt and Whitney, East Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA

As gas turbine temperatures and component life requirements continue to rise, it becomes increasingly important to have a good understanding of the operating temperatures of their components. The objective of this study was to explorate whether a Hiemenz flow approximation based on measured static pressures near an airfoil leading edge can provide a good estimate of the leading edge heat transfer ...

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