K. Ehrhold, S. Christiansen[1,2], and U. Gösele
Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Halle, Germany,
Institute of Photonic Technology, Jena, Germany
Plasmonics is a new branch of the fascinating field of photonics and develops concepts to quench light beyond the diffraction limit and enhance electromagnetic fields. These enhancements occur in metals as localized surface plasmon polaritons (LSP) a coupling of the surface density oscillations of the electron gas to the incident light. With threedimensional nano-structures of coinage metals that ...
T. Bjornara, and E. Aker
NGI, Oslo, Norway
Various types of equation system formulations for modeling two-phase flow in porous media using the finite element method have been investigated. These allow for equation manipulation such that the main differences between the formulations are the dependent variables that are solved for. Here we have tested five different formulations for 2D simulations and one for 1D; the Buckley-Leverett ...
H. Schmidt[1,2], and J. Hattel
Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
HBS Engineering, Frederiksberg, Denmark
Two friction stir welding models are presented – a global thermal model using the temperature dependent heat source and a local material flow and heat generation model allowing for detailed investigation of different contact conditions. The two models are coupled into a larger local-global model. The flow model includes frictional dissipation from the contact between the work piece and the ...
M. F. Zäh, S. Lutzmann, M. Kahnert, and F. Walchshäusl
iwb Anwenderzentrum Augsburg, TU München, Augsburg, Germany
Additive Layer Manufacturing (ALM) methods, like Electron Beam Sintering (EBS), constitute an interesting process concerning the production of small series and customized products. However, transient effects occur during processing due to the different physical principles of an electron beam (EB). Thus, process knowledge from similar ALM technologies, for instance Selective Laser Melting, can ...
D. Grondin, J. Deseure, A. Brisse, M. Zahid, and P. Ozil
Laboratoire d’Electrochimie et de Physico-chimie des Matériaux et des Interfaces (LEPMI), Saint Martin d’Hères, France
European Institute for Energy Research (EIFER), Karlsruhe, Germany
Based on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology, the solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) offers an interesting solution for mass hydrogen production. This study proposes a multiphysics model to predict the SOEC behavior. A global approach and several electrochemical kinetic equations were used for modeling. The simulated results demonstrated that a Butler-Volmer’s equation including ...
B. Cahill, A. Giannitsis, G. Gastrock, M. Min[1,2], and D. Beckmann
Institut für Bioprozess- und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Heiligenstadt, Germany
 Department of Electronics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia
Electrowetting occurs with the electrical control of the surface wetting properties through the application of an electric potential. A simulation of electrowetting driven droplet dynamics is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics level-set method for a sessile droplet and for a droplet in a microchannel. The response of the drop to a step voltage is studied. The contact angle at one edge of the ...
Prediction and Optimization of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Geometries using COMSOL Multiphysics
I. Knorr, K. Christou, J. Meinertz, A. Selle, J. Ihlemann, and G. Marowsky
Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen e.V., Germany
Raman spectroscopy is a commonly used tool in biodiagnostics and sensor technology. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering provides high signal enhancements especially at nanostructured metallic surfaces. In this paper the electromagnetic Raman enhancement from different metallic nanostructures - including gold coated gratings, spherical and hemispherical particles - is calculated by using the finite ...
I. Hoke, C. Dahmani, T. Weyh
Heinz-Nixdorf Lehrstuhl für Medizinische Elektronik, Fakultät für Elektro-und Informationstechnik, Technische Universität München, Germany
The application of nanoparticles coupled with medical agents to brain tumors remains one of the biggest obstacles in neuro scientific research. This work explores an optimal design of an electromagnet to overcome the blood-brain barrier by means of an intensive external magnetic field gradient. It is found that the field gradients depend strongly on the design of the magnet tip. The model ...
E. Holzbecher, and Hang Si
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany
In the paper we examine the accuracy of various meshes for different model regions and simple differential equations in 2D and in 3D. We study the potential equation for a single irregular domain (2D testcase 1), for a simple domain with irregular sub-domains (2D testcase 2) and a 3D testcase. For testcase 1 we compare with the analytical solution, for testcases 2 with the best solution, obtained ...
Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
This paper presents and discusses the first phase results of a wide ranging project concerning the study and prediction of the efficiency and energy performances of natural ventilation systems existing inside historic buildings. The air flow patterns, air temperature and air velocity distribution inside a historic building in Florence, the Pitti Palace, were studied by a transient simulation. A ...