Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Durability Analysis on Solar Energy Converters Containing Polymeric Materials

J. Wirth, S. Jack, M. Köhl, and K.-A. Weiß
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg, Germany

The key issues of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems are research and development of solar technologies for the fast growing market of solar energy. This paper presents examples of the usage of COMSOL Multiphysics: The ingress of water is a serious reason for the degradation of photovoltaic modules which can hardly be measured using experimental approaches yet. Therefore, a ...

Microfluidic Separation System for Magnetic Beads

F. Wittbrach, A. Weddemann, A. Auge, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Bielefeld University, Germany

It is possible to control the motion of magnetic beads using a combination of hydrodynamic and electromagnetic forces. In this work, we investigate the possibility to manipulate the motion of beads with different magnetic moments in a special microfluidic structure so as to separate them. We also experimentally prove that this structure is a suitable device to separate beads and show that ...

Design and Simulation of an Electromagnetic Valve Actuator Using COMSOL Multiphysics

R. Wislati , H. Haase
Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany

In this paper an electromagnetic solenoid actuator (EMVA) consisting of an upper and lower electromagnet, a linear moving armature and two preloaded springs is considered as a potential approach in Variable Valve Actuation (VVA) Systems for Internal Combustion Engines. In opposition to common approaches the underlying EMVA make use of a permanent magnet in the upper electromagnet. The analysis of ...

Sound Propagation through Circular Ducts with Spiral Element Inside

W. Lapka
Poznan University of Technology, Poland

This paper examines a sound propagation without airflow through circular ducts with spiral element inside. Models are numerically computed in three-dimensions. The spiral element in the duct is a newly analyzed acoustical element, geometrically similar to the well-known Archimedes screw. It can be applied significantly in ducted systems, such as ventilation, air-conditioning and heat ...

Solving Time-Dependent Optimal Control Problems in COMSOL Multiphysics

I. Neitzel[1], U. Prüfert[2], and T. Slawig[3]
[1]DFG priority program SPP 1253, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
[2]DFG research center Matheon, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany
[3]DFG Cluster of Excellence The Future Ocean, DFG priority progam SPP 1253, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany

We use COMSOL Multiphysics to solve time-dependent optimal control problems for partial differential equations whose optimality conditions can be formulated as a PDE. For a class of linear-quadratic model problems we summarize known analytic results on existence of solutions and first order optimality conditions that exhibit the typical feature of time-dependent control problems, namely the fact ...

Time-Resolved Optical Tomography in Preclinical Studies: Propagation of Excitation and Fluorescence Photons.

F. Nouizi[1], R. Chabrier[1], M. Torregrossa[2], and P. Poulet[1]
[1]Laboratoire d’Imagerie et de Neurosciences Cognitives, Straßbourg, France
[2]Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Image, de l'Informatique et de la Télédétection, France

We present time-resolved methods that rely on near-infrared photons to image the optical properties and distribution of fluorescent probes in small laboratory animals. The coupled diffusion equations of excitation and fluorescence photons in highly scattering tissues were solved using the three-dimensional Finite Element Method (FEM) provided by COMSOL. The computed results allowed to yield ...

Simulation of Optical Properties of the Si/SiO2/Al Interface  at the Rear of Industrially Fabricated Si Solar Cells

Y. Yang[1], and P. Altermatt[1,2]
[1]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
[2]Dep. Solar Energy Research, Inst. Solid-State Physics, Leibniz University of Hanover, Germany

The specular and diffuse reflection properties of sunlight at the rear surface of silicon solar cells with various degrees of roughness are computed by solving the Maxwell and material equations in two dimensions, using the COMSOL RF Module. The model is tested on planar Si/SiO2/air interfaces and planar Si/SiO2/Al interfaces. The simulations show that for wavelengths of 800 nm, (i) maximum ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Convective Drying Processes

C. Gavrila[1], A. Ghiaus[1], and I. Gruia[2]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Faculty of Building Services, Bucharest, Romania
[2]University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Bucharest, Romania

A dynamic mathematical model, based on physical and transport properties and mass and energy balances, was developed for the simulation of unsteady convective drying of agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) in static bed conditions. The model utilizes water sorption isotherm equations and the change in solid density due to the shrinkage phenomenon. The aim of this article is to describe ...

Design of a High Field Gradient Electromagnet for Magnetic Drug Delivery to a Mouse Brain

I. Hoke, C. Dahmani, T. Weyh

Heinz-Nixdorf Lehrstuhl für Medizinische Elektronik, Fakultät für Elektro-und Informationstechnik, Technische Universität München, Germany

The application of nanoparticles coupled with medical agents to brain tumors remains one of the biggest obstacles in neuro scientific research. This work explores an optimal design of an electromagnet to overcome the blood-brain barrier by means of an intensive external magnetic field gradient. It is found that the field gradients depend strongly on the design of the magnet tip. The model ...

Hybrid Multiscale Modeling of Corrosion Nanoinhibitors Transport

C. Trenado[1], D. Strauss[1,2], and M. Wittmar[2]
[1]Computational Diagnostics & Biocybernetics Unit, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg, Germany
[2]Leibniz-Institute for New Materials, Saarbrücken, Germany

Progress in coating technology has allowed for the development of free-chromate corrosion inhibitors, which are able to smartly migrate when required. In order to support the coating design, we propose a hybrid mathematical model to study the inhibitor's release by taking into account the thermodynamics and kinetics involved in the corrosion process. The proposed model is ...

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