Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Dynamic Electrowetting Simulation using the Level-Set Method

B. Cahill[1], A. Giannitsis[1], G. Gastrock[1], M. Min[1,2], and D. Beckmann[1]
[1]Institut für Bioprozess- und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Heiligenstadt, Germany
[2] Department of Electronics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia

Electrowetting occurs with the electrical control of the surface wetting properties through the application of an electric potential. A simulation of electrowetting driven droplet dynamics is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics level-set method for a sessile droplet and for a droplet in a microchannel. The response of the drop to a step voltage is studied. The contact angle at one edge of the ...

Prediction and Optimization of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Geometries using COMSOL Multiphysics

I. Knorr, K. Christou, J. Meinertz, A. Selle, J. Ihlemann, and G. Marowsky
Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen e.V., Germany

Raman spectroscopy is a commonly used tool in biodiagnostics and sensor technology. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering provides high signal enhancements especially at nanostructured metallic surfaces. In this paper the electromagnetic Raman enhancement from different metallic nanostructures - including gold coated gratings, spherical and hemispherical particles - is calculated by using the finite ...

Photonic/Plasmonic Structures from Metallic Nanoparticles in a Glass Matrix

O. Kiriyenko, W. Hergert, S. Wackerow, M. Beleites, and H. Graener
Inst. für Physik, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany

Glass containing nanoparticles is a promising material for various photonic applications due to the unique optical properties mainly resulting from the strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the silver nanoparticles. The characteristics of the resonance can be modified by varying size, shape and concentration of the particles. A finite element method (FEM) implemented in the software COMSOL ...

Finite Element Analysis of Ferrofluid Cooling of Heat Generating Devices

T. Strek
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Poznan University of Technology, Poznan, Poland

An external magnetic field imposed on a ferrofluid with a temperature gradient, results in a non-uniform magnetic body force, which leads to a form of heat transfer called thermomagnetic convection. A magnet placed near the device will always attract the colder ferrofluid more than warmer. Viscous, two-dimensional, laminar and incompressible ferromagnetic fluid flow, under the influence of a ...

Reacting Flows in Industrial Duct-burners of a Heat Recovery Steam Generator

G. Petrone[1], G. Cammarata[1], S. Caggia[2], and M. Anastasi[2]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Engineering Maintenance - ISAB Energy Services, Priolo Gargallo, Italy

In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics is applied in order to simulate reacting flows for duct burner systems arranged in the post-firing section of a Heat Recovery Steam Generator of a combined cycle power plant. Two- and three-dimensional simulations are carried out in order to investigate on operative conditions mainly responsible of duct burners overheating. The results are obtained for several ...

Analysis of Ancient Natural Ventilation Systems inside the Pitti Palace in Florence

C. Balocco
Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

This paper presents and discusses the first phase results of a wide ranging project concerning the study and prediction of the efficiency and energy performances of natural ventilation systems existing inside historic buildings. The air flow patterns, air temperature and air velocity distribution inside a historic building in Florence, the Pitti Palace, were studied by a transient simulation. A ...

Vertically Emitting Microdisk Lasers

L. Mahler, A. Tredicucci, and F. Beltram
NEST-INFM and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy

We describe the modeling of microdisk lasers displaying vertical emission. The devices are THz quantum cascade lasers with metallic gratings fabricated along the circumference.  The emission properties of the fabricated devices are well explained by the model, good mode control is obtained, and the collected power from a patterned device is increased 50 times with respect to unpatterned ...

Solving Time-Dependent Optimal Control Problems in COMSOL Multiphysics

I. Neitzel[1], U. Prüfert[2], and T. Slawig[3]
[1]DFG priority program SPP 1253, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
[2]DFG research center Matheon, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany
[3]DFG Cluster of Excellence The Future Ocean, DFG priority progam SPP 1253, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany

We use COMSOL Multiphysics to solve time-dependent optimal control problems for partial differential equations whose optimality conditions can be formulated as a PDE. For a class of linear-quadratic model problems we summarize known analytic results on existence of solutions and first order optimality conditions that exhibit the typical feature of time-dependent control problems, namely the fact ...

A Heat Transfer Model for Ugitech’s Continuous Casting Machine

C. Deville-Cavellin
Dr.
Liquid Metal Metallurgy and Solidification department
Ugitech’s Research Center, Ugine, France

Dr. Christian Deville-Cavellin is a Research Engineer at Ugitech's Research Center, since 1995. Ugitech, member of the Schmoltz & Bickenbach group, is a stainless steel, long products producer. C. Deville-Cavellin is responsible for all research topics related to liquid metal metallurgy and solidification. He also keeps an expert role in machinability, within one of the french public ...

Modelling of Seismoelectric Effects

B. Kröger[1], U. Yaramanci[2], and A. Kemna[1]
[1]1 University of Bonn
[2]GGA Hannover

We present the results of full-waveform time-dependent finite-element modelling of coupled seismoelectromagnetic wave propagation in fluid-saturated porous media. To describe the seismoelectric response of the system a new set of equations is developed which couple the poroelasticity theory and Maxwell’s equations via flux/force transport equations in a thermodynamical sense. The coupling ...

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