C. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Parikh, and J.H. Yang
Department of Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are miniature implantable power sources, which use enzymes as catalysts to perform redox reaction with biological fuels such as glucose. In this study, we focused on a three dimensional EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays, fabricated by carbon-micro-electro-mechanical-system (C-MEMS) techniques. Glucose oxidase (GOx) is immobilized on anodes for the ...
J.C. Crompton, K.C. Koppenhoefer, and S.Y. Yushanov
AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, Ohio, USA
This paper presents the solution of a transient electromagnetic problem using COMSOL Multiphysics. The paper also presents a closed-form solution of a transient electromagnetic dipole. The computational solution compares well with a closed-form solution for this problem. This work implements Maxwell’s equations in the RF module and optimizes solver parameter settings to resolve the transient ...
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...
L. Yuan and P.C. Pedersen
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
Finite element models using COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB were developed to solve the problem of stress distribution interior homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible elastic solid material under known vertical external compression with a rectangular contact surface. Moreover, comparison between these results and analytical solutions was used to further validate that stress drops off with ...
Viscous damping of a periodic perforated MEMS microstructure when the Reynolds’ equation cannot be applied: Numerical simulations
D. Homentcovschi, and R.N. Miles
Department of Mechanical Engineering, SUNY Binghamton, NY
This paper develops a computational model for determining the total damping coefficient for a unit cell of a MEMS microscale device containing a repetitive pattern of holes. The basic cell of the microstructure is approximated by an axi-symmetric domain and the velocity and pressure fields are determined from solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations using the finite element software package ...
T. Chen, and P.G. Ifju
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
This paper describes using thermal-structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material properties from the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created using COMSOL ...
Modeling the Bacterial Clearance in Capillary Network Using Coupled Stochastic-Differential and Navier-Stokes Equations
A. Atalla, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
The capillary network is a complex-interconnected structure. A single blood cell traveling from the arteriole to a venule via a capillary bed passes through, on average, 40−100 capillary segments. The cardiovascular systems responsible of delivering blood to the tissue under sufficient pressure to exchange materials. This is a two way process, at which nutrients, Oxygen, and other ...
Ken Kang-Hsin Wang, and Timothy C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during type-II photodynamic therapy (PDT). The production of 1O2involves the complex reactions among cancer agent, oxygen molecule, and treatment laser light. The light propagation in tumor tissue is described by the diffusion equation. In this work, an optimization routine is developed to fit the [1O2]rx profile to the simulated necrosis ...
Y. Huang, and A. Mason
Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
This paper describes the modeling of an electrochemical biosensor embedded in a microfluidic channel to determine the concentration of a target biomolecule. The total amount of analyte in the sample can be calculated by integrating the analyte concentration over the duration of the peak current. The biosensor is constructed by immobilizing redox-enzyme on an interdigitated array (IDA) electrode ...
Modeling of Drying of Cellular Ceramic Structures: Coupled Electromagnetic and Multiphase Porous Media Model
A. Dhall, G. Peng, G. Squier, M. Geremew, L. Bogaczyk, J. George, W.A. Wood, and A.K. Datta
Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
Manufacturing Technology & Engineering, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA
Corporate Research, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA
Cellular ceramic substrates are extensively used for pollution control systems in vehicles. The manufacturing process of them can involve microwave drying. In this study, we describe the development of a modeling framework for the microwave drying process of these substrates. The transport model is implemented in COMSOL 3.5a using 4 PDEs: 1) Convection-Conduction for temperature, 2) Convection ...