P. Ghods, K. Karadakis, O. B. Isgor, and G. McRae
Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Corrosion of rebar in concrete is one of the most prominent durability problems in reinforced concrete, especially where de-icing or seawater salts come into contact with the structures. Previous electrochemical and microscopic investigations have shown that local crevices between the mill scale and the underlying steel surface accelerate the corrosion initiation of rebar in concrete. Steel ...
Image-based Simulation of Electrical Impedance Techniques Applied on the Human Thorax for Cardio-pulmonary Applications
A. Harkara, R.M. Heethaar, R.T. Cotton, and F.K. Hermans
Simpleware Ltd., Exeter, UK
VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
For medical diagnostic purposes there is an increasing need for non-(or minimal) invasive techniques to measure all kinds of parameters that can provide insight in the functioning of cells, organs or organ systems. Currently, Impedance Cardiography (ICG) is used for measurements of the heart and Electric Impedance Tomography (EIT) is used for investigating lung tissue condition. The PDE is ...
Etrema Products, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA
Accurate modeling of magnetostrictive materials and devices requires coupling of electrical, magnetic, mechanical, and possibly acoustic domains. There are relatively few finite element software packages that include all these physical models and even fewer that include magnetostrictive models. Comsol Multiphysics was used to create linear magnetostrictive models with fully coupled physics. ...
M. V. Kisin, R. G. W. Brown, and H. S. El-Ghoroury
Ostendo Technologies, Inc., Carlsbad, CA, USA
We present a modeling software package developed at Ostendo Technologies for analysis and design of semiconductor laser and light-emitting diodes. The current database of material parameters supports complete group of III-Nitride alloys used in visible spectrum applications and can be readily extended to all III-V compounds. Self-consistent multi-band quantum-mechanical model for carrier energy ...
E. P. Furlani, N. M. Litchinitse, and R. Biswas
The Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
Department of Electrical Engineering, The State University of New York at Buffalo,Buffalo, New York, USA
We present a study of an optofluidic biosensor. The sensor operates in a transmission mode wherein detection is based on a shift in the transmission spectrum caused by the contrast in refractive index between the carrier fluid and the target biomaterial. We study the behavior of the sensor using 2D full-wave electromagnetic analysis, and perform parametric studies of sensitivity as a function of ...
Senior Materials Scientist, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
A scientific hypothesis states that cryogenic trapped water is just under the surface of lunar soil at the poles in permanently shadowed craters. Microwave energy can be used to efficiently extract this water from permafrost. COMSOL permits calculation of the heating of simulated lunar soil using measured temperature dependent dielectric properties. Calculations at different microwave ...
R. Rieck, A. Bénard, and C. Petty
Michigan State University, Michigan, USA
Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...
A. Mario-Cesar Suarez, and V. Fernando Samaniego
Faculty of Sciences, Michoacan University, Morelia, Mich., Mexico
Faculty of Engineering, National University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
The presence of a moving fluid in a porous rock modifies its mechanical response. Poroelasticity explains how the fluid inside the pores bears a portion of the total load supported by the rock. The remaining part of the load is supported by the elastic skeleton, which contains a laminar fluid coupled to the framework by equilibrium and continuity conditions. This work introduces an original ...
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
This paper is focused on topology optimization of heat transfer and fluid flow systems for multiphysics objectives. Specifically, COMSOL Multiphysics software is coupled with a method of moving asymptotes optimizer in a custom COMSOL / MATLAB script. Various physical process including conduction, convection-diffusion, and Navier-Stokes flow are considered. To illustrate the method, a standard ...
Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, California, USA
A kernel of grain is modeled as an isothermal sphere, with descriptive differential equations scaled or rendered into non-dimensional form, where moisture transfer is governed by internal diffusivity, not by surface conditions. The time dependent problem is solved with COMSOL and the average non-dimensional moisture content and its time-rate of change are obtained; by regression, these numerical ...