Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Blood Flow over a Backward-Facing Step: Steady-State Simulation

M.W. Siebert[1], and P.S. Fodor[1]
[1]Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...

Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation

A. Datta[1], and A. Halder[1]
[1]Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA

In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...

Modeling of Drying of Cellular Ceramic Structures: Coupled Electromagnetic and Multiphase Porous Media Model

A. Dhall[1], G. Peng[2], G. Squier[2], M. Geremew[3], L. Bogaczyk[2], J. George[3], W.A. Wood[3], and A.K. Datta[1]
[1]Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
[2]Manufacturing Technology & Engineering, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA
[3]Corporate Research, Corning Inc., Sullivan Park, Corning, New York, USA

Cellular ceramic substrates are extensively used for pollution control systems in vehicles. The manufacturing process of them can involve microwave drying. In this study, we describe the development of a modeling framework for the microwave drying process of these substrates. The transport model is implemented in COMSOL 3.5a using 4 PDEs: 1) Convection-Conduction for temperature, 2) ...

Using Microwaves for Extracting Water From the Moon

Edwin Ethridge
Senior Materials Scientist, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center

A scientific hypothesis states that cryogenic trapped water is just under the surface of lunar soil at the poles in permanently shadowed craters. Microwave energy can be used to efficiently extract this water from permafrost. COMSOL permits calculation of the heating of simulated lunar soil using measured temperature dependent dielectric properties. Calculations at different microwave ...

Finite Element Modeling of Transient Eddy Currents in Multilayer Aluminum Structures

V. Babbar[1], and T. Krause[1]

[1]Department of Physics, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Transient eddy current (TEC) technique is being developed for detection of flaws located at depth within multilayer aluminum structures. The present work involves finite element modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics software to simulate different types of probes by changing some of these parameters in an attempt to generate an output signal of optimum magnitude and shape. Some of the model results ...

Multiphysics Topology Optimization of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Systems

E. Dede[1]
[1]Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

This paper is focused on topology optimization of heat transfer and fluid flow systems for multiphysics objectives. Specifically, COMSOL Multiphysics software is coupled with a method of moving asymptotes optimizer in a custom COMSOL / MATLAB script. Various physical process including conduction, convection-diffusion, and Navier-Stokes flow are considered. To illustrate the method, a standard ...

Rechargeable Battery for Hybrid Diesel-Electric Locomotive

Michael A. Vallance
Team Leader, GE Global Research

Over time, rechargeable batteries degrade and eventually stop working. You see some combination of declining capacity, rapid self-discharge, and reduced power. Degradation mode depends on battery design, but also on the application. Often, multiple physical processes contribute to degradation. In the laboratory, you can measure performance degradation. You can dissect the battery to discover ...

Modeling Contact Line Dynamics in Evaporating Menisci

J. Plawsky[1], A. Chatterjee[1], and P.C. Wayner Jr.[1]
[1]Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA

The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...

MultiPhysics Simulation of Direct Double Helix Magnets for Charged Particle Applications

P. J. Masson[1], and R. B. Meinke[1]
[1]Advanced Magnet Lab, Palm Bay, Florida, USA

Charged particle beam manipulation requires magnetic dipoles for steering and quadrupoles for focusing. Conventional magnets are currently used leading to very large and heavy systems. Miniaturization of the optic magnets would enable the development of more affordable systems and potentially portable devices. The Advanced Magnet Lab, Inc. has developed a revolutionary magnet topology and ...

COMSOL Multiphysics Modeling of Rotational Resonant MEMS Sensors with Electrothermal Drive

S. Nelson[1], and M. Guvench[1]
[1]University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics is employed to model, simulate and predict the performance of a high Q, in-plane rotational resonating MEMS sensor. The resonating sensor disk is driven by thermal expansion and contraction of the support tethers due to AC joule heating. The resonant frequency is sensed by stationary contacts. For cost reduction, the relatively simple, low cost SOIMUMPS fabrication process is ...

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