M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert
Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Jet Electrochemical Machining (Jet-ECM) is an unconventional procedure using localized anodic dissolution for micromachining. An increasing of the electrolyte temperature will lead to an increase of the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte by about 30% and to a reduction of the dynamic viscosity of the electrolyte by about 25 %. Both will improve the process. Therefore a Jet-ECM tool system ...
F. Bosia, P. Olivero, and E. Vittone
Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy
Ion implantation in insulating materials leads to local variations in mechanical and optical properties that can be exploited for the fabrication of micro-structures. In particular, ion irradiation of diamond causes the formation of buried amorphised layers, with correspondent mass density and refractive index variations that depend on the level of “damage” of the crystal structure. ...
R. Cagliero and G. Maizza
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
The increasing demand for improved metallurgical products strongly motivates the optimization of manufacturing processes and design of γ-TiAl products. Among the large variety of available forming processes, cold closed-die forging is particularly suitable for producing net shape bulk products having good surface finish with better mechanical properties. Pressing punches of suitable profile ...
O. Krol, N. Weiss, F. Sawo, and T. Bernard
Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing, Karlsruhe, Germany
In this paper we present a novel approach for modeling spatial distributed bio- chemical and environmental processes like the growth of plants and the related biochemical reactions. The physical phenomena like flow and mass transport can be described by fluid dynamics equations, but for effects like growth rates often no analytic models are available. However, in many cases experts have knowledge ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool for Reducing Animals in Biomedical Research: An Application in Dermatology
F. Rossi and R. Pini
Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara”, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Firenze, Italy
In biomedical research the use of animal models gives rise to several ethical problems. COMSOL Multiphysics® may be used as a non-animal technique, very useful in overcoming all these concerns. In this presentation a particular application in dermatology is shown. Bioheat equation mode and diffusion approximation were used to design a theoretical model of blue LED light interaction with an ...
P. Alotto, M. Guarnieri, and F. Moro
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
The proton exchange membrane is a key component in the currently widely studied Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. In this paper a fully coupled three-dimensional dynamic numerical model of the membrane including all the physically relevant phenomena, i.e. ion transport, hydration-dependent conductivity and thermal effects is presented. The highly non-linear model is discretized by means of the ...
A. Auge, A. Weddemann, F. Wittbracht, B. Vogel, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
The oxidation behavior of metallic nanoparticles is investigated in respect to material parameters like Mott potential, defects on the microstructure and oxide volume increase per ionic defect. An emphasis is laid on magnetic nanoparticles where the degree of oxidation can be measured via the reduction of the magnetic moment.
A. Grünbaum, S. Petersen, H.W. Pau, and U. van Rienen
IEF funded by DFG Research Training Group 1505/1 Welisa, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Otolaryngology “Otto Körner”, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Modeling of 2-5 μm thin membranes into a cochlea with a width of 2 cm is computationally. The paper is focused on two approximative methods used to overcome this problem and in addition a simple model challenging of a plate capacitor with a thin membrane of different thickness in-between is presented. The results of simulations with both thin layer approximation methods are compared with those ...
G.S. Durante and M. Fretz
CSEM Zentralschweiz, Alpnach Dorf, Switzerland
Flip-chip interconnection technologies have been tested through the use of a test chip with embedded single-bump daisy chains. The Flip-Chip technologies are selected among Au bump Thermocompression (TC) with and without Nonconductive Adhesives (NCA) underfiller, anisotropic conductive adhesive (ACA) bonding, and AuSn20 eutectic solder. The single bumps were then measured with a high precision ...
COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool to Increase Safety in the Handling of Acetylene Cylinders Involved in Fires
F. Ferrero, M. Beckmann-Kluge, and K. Holtappels
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.1 “Gases, Gas Plants”, Berlin, Germany
In this paper a mathematical model for predicting the heating-up of an acetylene cylinder involved in a fire is presented. In the simulations polynomial functions were used to describe the temperature dependency of the thermal properties of the cylinder interior, which is a complex system composed by a solid porous material, a solvent and acetylene dissolved in it. Model equations covered heat ...