Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Punch Design for Uniaxial Forging Process of γ-TiAl Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

R. Cagliero[1] and G. Maizza[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The increasing demand for improved metallurgical products strongly motivates the optimization of manufacturing processes and design of γ-TiAl products. Among the large variety of available forming processes, cold closed-die forging is particularly suitable for producing net shape bulk products having good surface finish with better mechanical properties. Pressing punches of suitable profile ...

Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)

M. Coccia[1], E. Carminati[1], F. Rolandone[2], M. Battaglia[1], D. Zuliani[3], and P. Fabris[3]
[1]Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[2]Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
[3]Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy

We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible the ...

A Finite Element Test of the 2002-2003 Etna Eruption

F. Pulvirenti[1][2], M. Aloisi[1], G. De Guidi[2], M. Mattia[1], and C. Monaco[2]
[1]Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...

High Temperature Process Simulation: An Example in Crystal Growth

H. Rouch[1] and O. Geoffroy[1]
[1]INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France

High temperature processes are used in a large variety of industrial application. Simulation helps to solve technological problems and increase energy efficiency in case of industrial scale simulation. We present in this paper a research equipment simulation. The aim is to increase knowledge of temperature field in the crystal growth region in order to give researcher some important information ...

Numerical Evaluation of Long-Term Performance of Borehole Heat Exchanger Fields

A. Priarone[1], S. Lazzari[1], and E. Zanchini[1]

[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The long-term performance of double U-tube Borehole Heat Exchangers (BHEs) is studied numerically by considering three different time-dependent heat fluxes exchanged between each BHE and the ground. Since the temperature distribution along the vertical direction has a negligible influence on long-term BHE performance, the problem is studied by means of a 2D conduction model, where the energy ...

An Agglomerate Model for the Rationalisation of MCFC Cathode Degradation

B. Bozzini[1], S. Maci[1], I. Sgura[2], R. Lo Presti[3], and E. Simonetti[3]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[3]ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy

This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...

Modeling of Silicon Transport into Germanium Using a Simplified Crystal Growth Technique

F. Mechighel[1][3], B. Pateyron[1], M. El Ganaoui[1], S. Dost[2], and M. Kadja[3]

[1]Laboratory SPCTS UMR CNRS, ENSCI, Limoges University, Limoges, France
[2]Crystal Growth Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria, Canada
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Constantine, Constantine, Algeria

A numerical simulation study, using COMSOL Multiphysics®, was carried out to examine the temperature and concentration fields in the dissolution process of silicon into germanium melt. This work utilized a simplified configuration which may be considered to be similar material configuration to that used in the Vertical Bridgman growth methods. The concentration profile for the SiGe sample ...

Modeling Contaminant Diffusion in Highly Complex Rock Structures

N. Diaz[1], A. Jakob[1], L. Van Loon[1], and D. Grolimund[2]
[1]Paul Sherrer Institut NES/LES, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
[2]Paul Sherrer Institut NES/SLS, Villigen PSI, Switzerland

Opalinus clay is currently being proposed as a potential host rock for radioactive waste repository in deep geological formation. It is then important for performance assessments to understand the transport properties of such rocks. Clay materials are characterized by low hydraulic conductivities and diffusion is assumed to be the main transport mechanism. The studied rock is a complex assembly ...

Gravity-Driven Film Flow: Design of Bottom Topography

C. Heining[1] and N. Aksel[1]

[1]Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany

We study the gravity-driven film flow of a Newtonian liquid down an inclined plane. Many applications such as heat- and mass exchangers and evaporators or film coaters require undulated or rippled bottom topographies. In these cases, the interplay of gravity, surface tension and inertia leads to a response of the interface which furthermore strongly depends on the shape of the bottom topography. ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Version 4

Svante Littmarck
President and CEO, COMSOL

Svante Littmarck is the CEO of the COMSOL group. He co-founded COMSOL in 1986. He holds a M.Sc. in Applied Mathematics from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. In 2004 he received an honorary doctoral degree from the Royal Institute of Technology.

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