J. Bouhattate, X. Feaugas, and S. Frappart
Laboratoire d’Etudes des Matériaux en Milieux Agressifs,
Université de La Rochelle, La Rochelle, France
V&M France, CEV, Aulnoye-Aymeries, France
Hydrogen Embrittlement (HE) is one of the mechanisms responsible for premature failure of structures. In the context of environmental sustainability, it is compelling to improve or conceive new processes and/or new materials capable of reducing fracture induced by HE. We analyzed the influence of the oxide layer on the permeability of hydrogen. This investigation was carried on as a correlative ...
E. Gongadze, S. Petersen, U. Beck, and U. van Rienen
Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Institute of Electronic Appliances and Circuits, University of Rostock,
The Electrical Double Layer (EDL) plays a major role in understanding the interface between a charged surface (e.g. an implant) and ionic liquids (e.g. body fluids). The three classical models of the EDL (Helmholtz, Gouy, and Chapman-Stern) are numerically solved for a flat surface electrode in the 3D Electrostatics application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics® 3.5a. The values of the electric ...
Department of Chemistry, University of Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy
Microelectrodes demonstrate that modeling is crucial for understanding the behavior of complex electrochemical systems. The use of the finite element methods in electrochemistry may be of much more general interest for its ability to handle complex geometries. In this context a software such as COMSOL Multiphysics® allows a straightforward way to the set up models including coupling of ...
B. Bozzini, S. Maci, I. Sgura, R. Lo Presti, and E. Simonetti
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy
This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...
C. Siegel, G. Bandlamudi, N. van der Schoot, and A. Heinzel
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Accurate bipolar-plate and flow-field layout is one crucial task for optimizing fuel cells. These cell components perform several functions, including charge transport or gas and water transport throughout the cell just to name a few. Overall, the design depends on the fuel cell application or the geometrical size of the assembly. The requirements for a flow-field used in a high temperature ...
B.P. Cahill, M. Quade, G. Gastrock, K. Lemke, J. Metze, and D. Beckmann
Institut für Bioprozess und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Rosenhof, Heilbad Heiligenstadt, Germany
This paper presents a simulation of the operation of a new type of droplet generation probe. This probe, consisting of two concentrically-arranged tubings, is immersed in a beaker of cell medium so that oil is pumped through the outer tubing at a pumping speed less than fluid is drawn into the inner tubing. In this way, droplets of cell medium are entrained into the outlet tubing forming a ...
P. Cendula, S. Kiravittaya, J. Gabel, and O.G. Schmidt
Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany
Strained wrinkled and flat nanomembranes have different bending properties when they are released from the underlying substrate. This is caused by increased bending rigidity of the wrinkled film in one direction. We provide theoretical and numerical analysis of the directional rolling of wrinkled films, which is important for positioning rolled-up tubes on the short mesa edge during fabrication.
F. Bircher and P. Marmet
Institute of Print Technology, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Burgdorf, Switzerland
Electromagnetic micro valves are currently developed empirically or the different physics are treated separately. To accelerate the development-process and for a better understanding of the overall system, a multiphysics simulation is built up. This simulation considers the electromagnetics, the electronics (including the control of the process), the mechanics and the fluidics with respect to the ...
R. Dufour , C. Wu, F. Bendriaa, V. Thomy, and V. Senez
BioMEMS Group, IEMN, University of Lille Nord de France, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
This paper presents an Analog to Digital Microfluidic Converter (ADMC) using passive valves and enabling the conversion of a continuous liquid flow into droplets for Electro-Wetting On Dielectric (EWOD) actuation. Valves calibration, geometry characteristics and losses reduction have been optimized using microfluidic application mode of COMSOL Multiphysics®.