Y. Beauregard, M. Gobian, and F. Garisto
University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
Nuclear Waste Management Organization, Toronto, ON, Canada
In the Canadian concept for a deep geological repository for used nuclear fuel, the used fuel bundles are placed in containers consisting of an inner steel vessel surrounded by a copper shell. The filled containers are placed in excavated tunnels or boreholes and surrounded by a compacted bentonite clay buffer material. In the event of container failure, the rate of migration of radionuclides to ...
University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA
Geothermal heat pumps use the earth as a heat source and sink via a ground heat exchanger (GHX) that consists of a network of buried heat exchange pipes, which can either be installed in vertical boreholes or in shallow horizontal trenches or excavations. The main goal in GHX design is to determine the minimum length of pipe needed to provide adequate fluid temperatures to heat pumps over their ...
A. Cyganowski, H. Leidecker, J. Brusse, L. Panashchenko, and T.E. Schmidt
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
St. Mary's College of Maryland, St. Mary's City, MD, USA
Metal foil resistors are often chosen for NASA space flight applications due to their high precision and stability. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to develop a test that screens out metal foil resistors containing gridline defects. The resistors will be subjected to repeated short duration electrical pulses that induce localized heating and fatigue only in areas with constrained gridlines. The pulse ...
S. Maloney[1,2], Y. Li[1,2], G. Auner, and J. Smolinski
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, MI, USA
We are working on a microfabricated lysing chip that uses a piezoelectric actuator to provide ultrasonic energy to break apart cells. The device contains pillars with varying dimensions. We hypothesize that increasing the aspect ratio of pillars will increase the efficiency of the transfer of ultrasonic energy into the fluid phase and enhance the lysing efficiency. The fluid structure ...
E. Weststrate, M. Steinback, N. Rensing, and T. Tiernan
Radiation Monitoring Devices Inc., Watertown, MA, USA
Passing alternating current through a wire placed just above a conducting surface induces eddy currents in that surface. Any cracks present in the conductor modify the eddy current distribution, creating a magnetic field signature unique to the crack. This magnetic signature can be detected by placing magnetic field sensors such as magnetoresistive sensors or inductive loop pickups in close ...
P. Mahanti, M. Keebaugh, N. Weiss, P. Jones, M.A. Hayes, and T. Taylor
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Particle velocimetry using image analysis is an effective non-intrusive method used for fluid velocity field estimation in micro-channels. We use COMSOL with MATLAB to generate velocity fields for micro-channel designs and then calculate changes in particle position for given imaging parameters. This is used to simulate images which can then be used to verify an algorithm\'s performance before ...
J. Xiao, and D. Attinger
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Convective deposition is a material processing technique where an evaporating meniscus of a colloidal suspension is dragged along a solid substrate to deposit layers of micro or nanoparticles. The process is a typical multiphysics process where fluid dynamics, mass and heat transfer come into play in a small deforming domain. In this work, we describe an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Euler model ...
S. Liu, P. Wang, and H. Sun
University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA
In this paper we study the porous media coating (PMC) effect on the surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensor for chemical detection. Intensive research for SAW sensor is focused on using high surface polymer coating such as nanofibrous film to improve the sensitivity and to shorten response time for in situ trace level detections. A theoretical analysis shows the PMC can provide a higher and faster ...
S. Kargar, and D. Bardot
University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL, USA
In this paper we compare the results from a bending cantilever beam experiment with the theoretical values and COMSOL finite element simulation results. In the experiment a simple cantilever beam with a hole is loaded at the end. Measurements are recorded by four strain gauges mounted on the beam, three near the hole and one at a location where the nominal stress is equivalent to that of a ...
ZINK Imaging, Bedford, MA, USA
In direct thermal printing, media is exposed to heat pulses from a print head carrying a linear array of resistive heaters. In this study we investigate the degree to which a thin substrate can be combined with a more compressible sub-layer to provide a composite structure that will hug the heaters. A 3D view of the model using COMSOL Multiphysics shows a section of the glass bump ...