C. Strozzi, P. Gillard, and J-M. Pascaud
Institut PRISME, Bourges, France
The aim of this work is to present a simple multiphysics simulation using COMSOL able to describe combustion of kerosene vapours in a closed vessel. The emphasis is on the mechanical effects of the reactive processes. The evolution of the thermodynamical variables (pressure, temperature, concentrations…) is obtained by solving several coupled transport equations for: the mass continuity, the ...
E. Engström, B. Balfors, and R. Thunvik
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this study we evaluate transport, retention and subsistence of Escherichia coli (E. coli), a common fecal indicator bacteria, in a model (2x1m) of a constructed wetland. Transport occurs in the unsaturated and saturated zone. Inactivation is accounted for as a kinetic first-order process. Retention is assumed to be dominated by solid-air-water interface straining and is modeled with a kinetic ...
T. Santos, L.C. Costa[1,2], M. Valente[1,2], J. Monteiro[1,2], and J. Sousa
University of Aveiro, Portugal
I3N, Aveiro, Portugal
TEKA Portugal S.A., Ílhavo, Portugal
In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material and as consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution along it. That is, the non uniformity of the heating is a potential problem with serious consequences. Thermal runaway is the most critical, in materials with temperature ...
Riello Burners, Italy
This work talks on simulation of a ventilating structure for an industrial burner. The mathematical model is based on the frozen-rotor technique, and the numerical simulation is used for resolution of fluid dynamics equations for the air flow into the rotating wheel and into the static volute of the fan. The numerical results obtained with COMSOL’s CFD module are compared with experimental data ...
E. Holzbecher, W.L. Wah, and M-S. Litz
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany
Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
There are various alternative options concerning modeling fluid flow within fractures in porous media. We give a general overview, with remarks concerning the modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics. Moreover we define and study two test cases for intercomparison. Finally for one of the testcases some results of an extensive sensitivity study is presented.
B. Marmo, and B. Carruthers
Reactec Ltd., Edinburgh, United Kingdom
The onshore wind turbine industry must overcome many technical, commercial, and environmental difficulties. A significant element for planning consent is operational noise. Acoustic limits are strictly enforced and can lead to near-neighbour complaints as well as contractual disputes. Reactec have diagnosed, analysed and solved a problematic tonal resonance for a major wind turbine generator ...
J. Hilgert, L. Hütsch, J. Dos Santos, and N. Huber
GKSS Forschungszentrum GmbH, Geesthacht, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
This study presents an approach to model the material flow around a bobbin tool for Friction Stir Welding (FSW). In this CFD model the aluminum is treated as a highly viscous non Newtonian shear thinning liquid. The model is formulated in a 3D Eulerian frame. The temperature field and the desired torque acting on the tool are taken from a 3D thermal pseudo mechanical model implemented in ...
F. Van den Abeele, J.R. De Oliveira Jr., and F.J. Huertos
OCAS N.V., J.F. Kennedylaan 3, Zelzate, Belgium
Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
It is very difficult to measure the global properties of heterogeneous and anisotropic materials like composites and sandwich structures. When designing composite sandwich applications, the elastic properties are required to perform structural stiffness and strength calculations. However, due to their anisotropic nature, it is not straightforward to measure these properties with traditional ...
Fibre-Optic Microsensor Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance in a Microfluidic Cell : An Experimental and Numerical Multiphysics Approach
G. Louarn, T. Makiabadi, V. Le Nader, and M. Kanso
Institut des Matériaux Jean-Rouxel (IMN), CNRS- Université de Nantes, France
In the last decade, the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) has become a very sensitive technique for real-time detection in many application areas. Considering the fiber optic concept and the important needs for analyzing biomolecular reactions through automated and miniaturized components, fiber optic sensors based on the SPR technique are becoming an important choice in the field of sensing. In ...
CEA Valduc, France
During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of the ...