C. Anandharamakrishnan, R. Gopirajah, and N. Chhanwal
Central Food Technological Research Institute
Freeze-drying is a popular method of producing shelf stable particulate products and is of particular value for drying thermally sensitive materials (volatiles and biological based), which can be heat damaged by higher temperature methods, such as spray-drying. Porous structures are formed by the creation of ice crystals during the freezing stage, which subsequently sublime during the drying ...
C. Rajni, and A. Marwaha
 Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engineering And Technology, Ferozepur, Punjab, India
 Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering And Technology, Sangrur, Punjab, India
‘Metamaterial’ is one of the most recent topic in several areas of science and technology due to its vast potential in various applications. These are artificially fabricated materials which exhibit negative permittivity and/or negative permeability. The unusual electromagnetic properties of metamaterial has opened more opportunities for better antenna design to surmount the limitations of ...
N. R. Mahesh, and P. Nair
SSN College of Engineering
Tamil Nadu, India
Acoustic metamaterials are structured materials of negative mass density or negative bulk-modulus or both of them. Materials are tailored in sub-wavelength dimensions so as to get these negative properties. This paper compares the result of an experimental investigation of acoustic metamaterial with negative bulk-modulus to its COMSOL modeling. The resonance characteristics of single ...
MEMS Electrostatic Comb Actuator: A Comparison of Different Structure Designs and Materials using COMSOL 3.5a
S. Kapoor, D. Aggarwal, and A. Gujjar
University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India.
Electronics Science Department, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kurukshetra University, Haryana, India.
The micro machining technology that emerged in the late 1980’s can provide micron sized sensors and actuators. Actuators are used for the transformation of non- mechanical input energy into mechanical output energy. There are many types of micro- actuation mechanisms, most commonly used are piezoelectric, magnetic, thermal, SMA, electrochemical, electrostatic actuation. Electrostatic actuation ...
M. Ramya, R. P. S. Valli, R. Vidya, G. Anju, and M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India
In this study, a biomimetic vibrating 3D MEMS Gyroscope is designed, consisting of two circular diaphragms with a club shaped structure placed over one of them. This MEMS based vibrating gyroscope was modeled and simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 - MEMS module. The purpose of the research was to develop an effective gyroscope for guidance and control of mobile robots. The simulated ...
Effect of Bed Diffusion and Operating Parameters on Char Combustion in the Context of Underground Coal Gasification
S. Mahajani, and G. Samdani
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Char combustion is one of the most important reactions in the process of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG). Experiments are performed in a boat reactor under near isothermal condition to demonstrate effects of heat and mass transfer and bed diffusion through ash layer. To obtain a complete overview of boat experiments and to further get insights, CFD analysis of boat reactor is performed using ...
S. L. Pinjare, V. S. Nagaraj, S. N. Savitha, S. Kesari, M. S. Sagar, and K. R. Roshan
Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology
The MEMS microphone is also called microphone chip or silicon microphone. The pressure sensitive diaphragm is etched directly into a silicon chip by MEMS techniques and is usually accompanied with integrated preamplifier. Most MEMS microphones are variants of the condenser microphone design. The MEMS microphone has been successfully fabricated and tested in an anechoic chamber. The microphone ...
R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India
Conductive Composites such as carbon fiber reinforced composites are increasingly used in safety critical aerospace applications. The catastrophic macro structural failure of composite structures initiates from a micro level failure event such as fiber breaks. The ability to detect damage early on can improve the safety level and reliability of composite structures. A multilevel self-sensing ...
M. Gayake, D. Bodas, and S. A. Gangal
Department of Electronic science, University of Pune, India
Centre for Nanobioscience, Agharkar Research Institute, India
This paper presents a design of polymer based micro heater operating in the temperature range of 200- 250°C which could be operated at low voltage (battery operated). The micro heater has been designed and simulated using COMSOL 4.1, FEM simulation tool. Simulation was performed for temperature variation and temperature distribution area is observed for various designs of micro heater by ...
R. Prakash, K. M. V. Swamy, and B. G. Sheeparamatti
Basaveshwara Engineering College
MEMS(Microelectromechanical systems) based energy harvesting is process of extracting energy from natural resources in small amounts. Here, number of (millions) small energy harvesting modules lead to substancial energy. In this design, a piezoelectric material is used to scavenge energy from natural resources like radioactive source. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model and simulate a ...