Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Optimization of Design Parameters of a Novel MEMS Strain Sensor used for Structural Health Monitoring of Highway Bridges

H. Saboonchi, and D. Ozevin
Civil Engineering Department
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL

The novel Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) based Piezoresistive stain sensor is presented in this paper. The main goal of this sensor is to monitor the localized strain in the highway bridges especially near the crack tips. Monitoring the crack growth on the bridges can lead to early detection and prevention of bridge failures. The COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to optimize the ...

Simulation of PTFE Billet Sintering using COMSOL

A. Roday, and P. Nicosia
Garlock Sealing Technologies
Palmyra, NY

Sintering is an important step in the manufacturing of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) billets. The challenge in heating large billets stems from the inherent low thermal conductivity of PTFE. Existing literature suggests determining maximum heating rate experimentally using recommended guidelines. This paper uses COMSOL to aid in optimizing the temperature profile required for a particular ...

Analyzing Drug Delivery and Osteoblast Growth on a Porous Scaffold in a Perfusion Bioreactor

A. Sun, and S. Murray
Dept. of Biomedical Engineering
UCLA, Los Angeles, CA

Implantable Collagen sponges are used in Spinal Surgery as Drug Delivery Scaffolds. An optimal concentration of growth factor that strikes a balance between bone growth and adverse diffusion effects is difficult to find. The porous sponge also serves as a scaffold for Osteoblast growth, and fluid shear has been shown to mediate biological effects on that cell type. We use COMSOL Multiphysics ...

COMSOL-Based Nuclear Reactor Kinetics Studies at the HFIR

D. Chandler[1], J. Freels[2], R. Primm III[3], and G. Maldonado[1]
[1]Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
[2]Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
[3]Primm Consulting, LLC., Knoxville, TN

The computational ability to accurately predict the dynamic behavior of a nuclear reactor core in response to reactivity-induced perturbations is an important subject in reactor physics. Space-time and point kinetics methodologies were developed for the purpose of studying the transient-induced behavior of the High Flux Isotope Reactor’s (HFIR) compact core. The space-time simulations employed ...

Simulation of an Atmospheric Pressure Direct Current Microplasma Discharge in He/N2

L. Tong
Keisoku Engineering System Co. Ltd.
Tokyo
Japan

A study of an atmospheric pressure direct current microplasma discharge in He/N2 is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The calculation of heat transfer is fully coupled with the plasma simulation so as to resolve the gas heating in discharges. A simple circuit model is used to decide the discharge voltage so that the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics are obtained. The I-V characteristics ...

Simulation of Field Enhancement in Anisotropic Transition Metamaterials using COMSOL

A. Pandey, and N. Litchinitser
The State University of New York at Buffalo
Buffalo, NY

Transition metamaterials constitute a new class of engineered materials which have material properties tailored in such a manner that the refractive index gradually changes from positive to negative. An important question is what happens at the interface of a positive and negative index material. In this work, we design anisotropic transition materials using metal-dielectric layers and study ...

Modelling Aircraft Fuel Gauging Unit using COMSOL Multiphysics Software

T. Ekwevugbe[1], and G. Bevan[2]
[1]Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom
[2]School of Engineering and Computing, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland

An investigation was undertaken into the suitability of using COMSOL for modeling an aircraft capacitive fuel gauging unit. A model of a sensor immersed in a fluid was developed for rectangular tank geometry with a range of fluid levels and sensor orientation using the electrostatics application mode in COMSOL’s AC/DC module The importance of modeling the capacitance of air was demonstrated. ...

Modeling of Tumor Location Effect in Breast Microwave Imaging using COMSOL

E. Khosrowshahli[1], and A. Jeremic[2]
[1]School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
[2]McMaster University, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University,
Hamilton, ON, Canada

Microwave imaging has been recently proposed as a potentially useful screening technique for breast cancer. This method detects abnormalities in the tissue based on permittivity difference between breast normal and malignant tissue. In this method breast is illuminated by high frequency electromagnetic wave, and received waves are then analyzed in order to construct a map of breast\'s ...

A Coupled Analysis of Heat and Moisture Transfer in Soils

E. Evgin, J. Infante Sedano, and Z. Fu
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, ON
Canada

This paper is a part of a study on energy piles for heating and cooling of buildings. Energy piles are used for two reasons: (1) to transfer structural loads to foundation soils, and (2) to transfer heat from foundation soils to the building for space heating in winter time and for cooling purposes in summer time by transferring heat from the building to the foundation soils. The efficiency of ...

Modeling of Microwave Heating of a Rotating Object in a Domestic Oven in COMSOL Multiphysics

J. Raj[1], S. Birla[2], K. Pitchai[3], J. Subbiah[2], and D. Jones[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India
[2]Dept. of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE
[3]Dept. of Food-Science, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE

Domestic microwave ovens are notorious for their uneven heating of food materials. This is caused by a varying electromagnetic field whose variation is caused by a number of factors dependent on the oven and the food parameters. Experimental validation of heating would therefore give highly variable results and would be labour, resource and time intensive. Thus modeling of the microwave ...

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