M. Fält, and R. Zevenhoven
Thermal and Flow Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering
Åbo Akademi University
Air-conditioning produced by traditional vapor compression cycle is an energy demanding operation. By using passive cooling methods is it possible to avoid, or at least reduce, the need for vapor compression cooling. A passive radiative cooling method could be a three windowed skylight, filled with a greenhouse gas. Earlier modeling of such a skylight has shown promising results, and work has ...
D. Chandler, J. Freels, R. Primm III, and G. Maldonado
Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
Primm Consulting, LLC., Knoxville, TN
The computational ability to accurately predict the dynamic behavior of a nuclear reactor core in response to reactivity-induced perturbations is an important subject in reactor physics. Space-time and point kinetics methodologies were developed for the purpose of studying the transient-induced behavior of the High Flux Isotope Reactor’s (HFIR) compact core. The space-time simulations employed ...
M. Gobbert, and D. Trott
University of Maryland Baltimore County
Many application problems have non-smooth forcing terms, such as the Dirac delta function. The convergence order for the FEM solution is limited by the regularity of the solution in this case. This paper presents information on the techniques needed in COMSOL 4 to enable FEM convergence studies for time-dependent problems of this type, including how to correctly implement the Dirac delta ...
D. Gonzalez, J. Gardner, and O. Tigli
Biomedical Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL,
Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL
Nanoparticles are being extensively researched as a noninvasive method for selectively targeting and killing cancer cells. In this study, we model the thermal activation of gold nanospheres and nanorods in a fluidic environment to determine the thermal response of the surrounding medium.
ZINK, Imaging Inc.
In this work we have constructed a 2D COMSOL model for the drying of Latex. It is based on a prior 1D model of Kiil, but also includes the effects of a flowing air stream, which is necessary to remove the evaporated water vapor. The model illustrates several features of drying that are not accessible to the 1D model, in particular the a profile in the air/water interface that forms near the ...
Keisoku Engineering System Co. Ltd.
A study of an atmospheric pressure direct current microplasma discharge in He/N2 is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The calculation of heat transfer is fully coupled with the plasma simulation so as to resolve the gas heating in discharges. A simple circuit model is used to decide the discharge voltage so that the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics are obtained. The I-V characteristics ...
J. Strong, and C. Washburn
Sandia National Laboratories
The newly emerging field of carbon-based MEMS (C-MEMS) attempts to utilize the diverse properties of carbon to push the performance of MEMS devices beyond what is currently achievable. Our design employs a carbon-carbon composite using nano-materials to build a new class of MEMS accelerometer that is hyper-sensitive over a dynamic range from micro-G to hundreds of G’s – far surpassing the ...
L. Desgrosseilliers, and D. Groulx
A cornerstone of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering undergraduate programs the world over is the experimental and theoretical study of heat exchange. Graduating engineering students gain some appreciation in their lab course by comparing empirical correlations combined with the thermodynamics of heat exchange with the real operation of a counter-current, double pipe, single-phase heat exchanger.
Middle East Technical University
In this study, a detailed finite element model coupling the motion dynamics and electromagnetics of a diaphragm based MEMS vibration energy harvester is presented. The energy harvester converts low frequency vibrations to high frequency response by magnetic actuation of a diaphragm carrying coils. AC/DC, Solid Mechanics and Moving Mesh (ALE) modules are coupled together in one 3-D model to ...
E. Evgin, J. Infante Sedano, and Z. Fu
University of Ottawa
This paper is a part of a study on energy piles for heating and cooling of buildings. Energy piles are used for two reasons: (1) to transfer structural loads to foundation soils, and (2) to transfer heat from foundation soils to the building for space heating in winter time and for cooling purposes in summer time by transferring heat from the building to the foundation soils. The efficiency of ...