N. Kleinknecht, and S. A. Halvorsen
In many metallurgical processes metals are (heated and) stirred by an oscillating external magnetic field. The magnetic field induces electric currents in the metal and the currents interact with the magnetic field to create a force, the Lorentz force. For high frequencies induction only takes place in an electromagnetic boundary layer due to the skin effect and the force is confined within this ...
VDEh Betriebsforschungsinstitut GmbH
The geometrical design and material choice for a refractory lining requires a good understanding of its thermo-mechanical behavior. Design engineers clearly need a tool for fast and efficient computation of thermo-mechanical state of refractory linings under various conditions. However, standard simulation models and their solutions suffer as the linings are composed of many refractory blocks in ...
L. Teresi, and A. DeSimone
LaMS - Modeling & Simulation Lab, University Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
SISSA - International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy
We deal with Liquid Crystal Elastomers (LCEs) having hybrid alignment (HNEs), that is, fabricated with a given non-homogeneous nematic orientation. For such a materials, permanent distortions induced by deswelling can be compensated by those resulting from cooling below the transition temperature, thus yielding the possibility of producing temperature-driven actuators. Here, we simulate the ...
A. Weddemann, D. Kappe, and A. Hütten
Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA, USA
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
In principal, the calculation of the magnetic state inside a magnetic object requires the evaluation of the field in the entire unbounded space. With finite element methods restricted to finite domains, commonly auxiliary domains are employed which result in a non-physical cut-off. Not only that these additional domains result in an increased number of degrees of freedom which are strictly ...
Comparison of Computational Methods for the Estimation of the Dielectrophoretic Force Acting on Biological Cells and Aggregates in Silicon Lab-on-chip
S. Burgarella, F. Maggioni, and G. Naldi
STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, Milan, Italy
Department of Mathematics, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Dielectrophoresis is a method for cell manipulation in miniaturized devices exploiting the dielectric properties of cells and/or cellular aggregates suspended in a fluid and subjected to a high-gradient electric field. The mathematical expression of the force is obtained by a multipole expansion whose terms involve increasing power of the particle\'s radius. Three methods for the expression of ...
D. Iber, D. Menshykau, and P. Germann
Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering
Organogenesis is a tightly regulated process that has been studied experimentally for decades. Computational models can help to integrate available knowledge and to better understand the underlying regulatory logic. We are currently studying mechanistic models for the development of limbs, lungs, kidneys, and bone. We have tested a number of alternative methods to solve our spatio-temporal ...
Optimization of a Multiphysic Device – A Comparison of a Finite-Element- and a Equation-based Simulation
M. Jungwirth, and B. Hansbauer
University of Applied Sciences
To avoid overheating and malfunction of an electrical system it is necessary to optimize the power-loss of each component. The power dissipation mostly depends on multiple physical effects and therefore optimization is not an easy task. In this paper we focus on the reduction of complexity employing a equation-based simulation and compare it with a Finite-Element (FE) simulation in the ...
V. De Smet, V. Bellini, E. Cisbani, F. Noto, F. Mammoliti, C. M. Sutera, and M. Mangiameli
Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy; Haute Ecole Paul-Henri Spaak, ISIB, Bruxelles, Belgium
Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy; INFN – Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
INFN – Sezione di Roma - Sanità Group, Roma, Italy; Italian National Institute of Health, Roma, Italy
INFN - Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
A Computational Fluid Dynamics study has been performed for a Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) detector of high energy charged particles, currently under development as part of a new tracker of the high luminosity spectrometers in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. By gradual modifications of the geometry simulated in COMSOL, the design of the frame separating two GEM foils has been optimized with the aim ...
Design Optimization of an Electronic Component with an Evolutionary Algorithm Using a MATLAB-COMSOL Based Model
E. Pelster, and D. Wenger
Wenger Engineering GmbH
Electric construction components exposed to alternating high voltage have to withstand a significant amount of thermal loads and, resulting from the changes in Temperature , structural stresses. In order to achieve minimization of these loads, optimizing the geometry can be a helpful tool in the design process. In this study COMSOL is used to predict thermal and mechanical loads on a high ...
Y. Jin, E. Holzbecher, and P. Oberdorfer
A novel method for groundwater lowering, which can be applied at construction sites, for aquifer remediation measures or in open mining, is proposed. In contrast to conventional techniques, dewatering is achieved without water conveyance. In this paper the physical concept of the new technology, referred as single borehole pump & inject, is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Two and three ...