University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
One viable alternative to non-renewable fossil fuels is the fuel cell. A special class of FC i.e. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) has been investigated during the present study. Membrane is a very important part of a PEMFC as most ohmic losses occurs here and limits the maximum operating temperature, causes fuel cross over effect and increase electrochemical kinetics losses resulting ...
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
The waveguide device modeled here specifically demonstrates the exploration of a small, but very important, subset of components of the family of microwave hardware devices designed to facilitate the optimized transfer of power from the generating source to the consuming load. Each of those components is called, in electronics terminology, a Tuned Stub. A stub is a length of transmission line ...
EMD Millipore Corporation, Bedford, MA USA
Membrane-based tangential flow filtration (TFF) cassettes are used for the clarification, concentration and purification of fluid streams containing macromolecules of proteins. In TFF, the protein fluid is pumped tangentially along the surface of the membrane. The feed flow along the length of channel between two membranes causes a pressure drop from the feed to the retentate end of the channel. ...
J. Ebert, S. Ghosal, A. Emami-Naeini
SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA
This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...
E. Gutierrez-Miravete, E.R. Marderness
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA
Industrial fluid systems often involve continuous piping loops. These systems consist of varying lengths of pipes and hoses connecting multiple components together. Fluid resonances can detrimentally affect the operation of fluid systems and components. This work used COMSOL to investigate the frequency and mode shapes of axial fluid resonances within a system of piping and components that form ...
Modeling the Effect of Discrete Distributions of Platinum Particles in the PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layer
C.F. Cetinbas, A.K. Prasad, S.G. Advani
Center for Fuel Cell Research, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
In this study, the basic catalyst layer (CL) structure, consisting of carbon-supported Pt particles (C|Pt) and an ionomer binder, is investigated numerically by using COMSOL. The significance of modeling discrete Pt particles on the carbon support is highlighted by comparing the cell performance results to the case in which the Pt is assumed to be distributed uniformly over the carbon support as ...
Modeling and Analysis of a Direct Expansion Geothermal Heat Pump (DX): Part I-Modeling of Ground Heat Exchanger
C. Rousseau, J. Fannou, L. Lamarche, M. Ouzzane
École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, Québec, Canada
CanmetENERGY, Varennes, Québec, Canada
Geothermal heat pump technology is actually one of the most interesting processes to provide heat and cold to a building. In this study, a model of the ground exchanger of a direct expansion geothermal heat pump (DX) is going to be presented in 1 dimension. The model represents the phase change of the refrigerant, here Chlorodifluoromethane R22, with governing continuity, momentum and energy ...
Three-Dimensional Finite Element Modeling of Current Density in Maternal Transthoracic Defibrillation
A. Jeremic, J. Potts, E. Khosrowshahli
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
McMaster University Hospital, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Although the cardiac arrest in pregnancy is a rare event it can have significant impact in terms of age of mother, mortality of unborn children and consequently long-term effect. One of the commonly used procedures in resuscitation is defibrillation. With recent advances in understanding pathophysiologies in pregnant women it became more obvious that previous studies should be extended to ...
Vapor Technologies, Inc., Longmont, CO, USA
The glow discharges in argon at pressures of 1 to 20 mTorr are modeling using COMSOL Plasma Module. DC glow discharge with secondary electron emission is compared to low pressure arc with thermionic emission. Boundary conditions on dielectric discharge tube walls are compared to that of metallic discharge tube walls. Modeling revealed that electron emission mechanisms as well as boundary ...
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices are commonly used as wireless filters, resonators, and sensors. The confinement of acoustic energy near the surface of a piezoelectric substrate in a SAW sensor makes it highly sensitive for discerning surface perturbation. As sensors, SAW devices have the potential to provide a high-performance sensing platform with capabilities of remote and high-temperature ...