R.E. Tosh, H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
The technique of water calorimetry for primary-standard dosimetry of radiotherapy-level ionizing radiation is well established at national metrology institutes around the world, where such a direct realization of absorbed dose establishes the basis for calibrating instruments used for dosimetry in medical settings. The typical calorimeter system uses miniature thermistor beads to measure ...
M. Alshareef, A. Alshareef, V. Krishna, M. Kindy, T. Shazly
College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...
School for Engineering of Matter, Transport, and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Chemistry Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
Flexible electronics are temporarily affixed to a rigid carrier such as glass or silicon prior to device fabrication to facilitate robotic handling of the device, but also to allow optical lithography to stay within overlay design registration budget; without the rigid carrier, a freestanding flexible substrate such as polyimide would distort unacceptably during even minor temperature excursions ...
The Effects of the Electrical Double Layer on Giant Ionic Currents through Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes
G. Zhang[,][,], S.L. Bearden 
Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Electrofluidic transport through a single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) is enhanced by electroosmosis. Electroosmosis is made possible in these devices by the combination of a large slip length within SWCNTs and the interfacial potential at the solution/nanotube interface. A computational model of a SWCNT device was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the complete electrical ...
P. Gagnon, H. Manouzi, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq
Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada
An important step in designing a microstructured optical fiber is the computation and management of its dispersion curve. It is well-known that computing chromatic dispersion can be done analytically for certain geometries (e.g. step-index fibers), but no such analytical methods is known in the realm of microstructured optical fibers. Figure 1, Figure 2, and Figure 3 illustrate cross-sections of ...
A.H. Ito, O.T. Kaminata , S.R. Lautenschlager
State University of Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
The hydraulic flocculates are employed in water treatment plants (WTPs), but may present problems during the mixing stage reducing the efficiency of treatment. In this context modeling of a hydraulic flocculate using COMSOL and a 1:10 scale model of the Maringá-PR Brazil city WTP flocculate was done. The WTP flocculate is shown in figure 1 and the model illustrating the acrylic flocculate ...
S. Zhang, M. Pal, P. Barthelemy, M. Lei
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Shell International Exploration and Production, Rijswijk, The Netherlands
The mass and recoverability of oil and gas in unconventional reservoirs strongly depend on the understanding the petrophysical properties of the rocks at a large range of scales. Three-dimensional imaging is capable of unveiling the detailed microstructures within the rocks down to the nanometer scale. Using a multiscale imaging protocol, a Devonian shale rock sample with heterogeneities is ...
S. Arslan, J. Brown
Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, MI, USA
The rapid increase in power densities of integrated circuits has induced a significant interest in new reliable and high heat flux cooling technologies. The implication of such growth is the increased need for more efficient and more compact cooling mechanisms. Promising research has been conducted in the area of MEMS cooling devices, taking advantage of the increased heat transfer ...
EMD Millipore Corporation, Bedford, MA USA
Membrane-based tangential flow filtration (TFF) cassettes are used for the clarification, concentration and purification of fluid streams containing macromolecules of proteins. In TFF, the protein fluid is pumped tangentially along the surface of the membrane. The feed flow along the length of channel between two membranes causes a pressure drop from the feed to the retentate end of the channel. ...
A. Dobrinsky, M. Shatalov, M. Shur, R. Gaska
Sensor Electronic Technology, Columbia, SC, USA
Deep Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diodes (DUV LEDs) are presently operating at a relatively low efficiency, thus large amount of LED driving power is dissipating in heat. Thermal heating degrades LED performance and decreases LED’s lifetime. The degradation of DUV LED devices with temperature increase makes thermal management a key issue for DUV LEDs. We present a thermal analysis of DUV LED ...