N. Elabbasi, X. Liu, S. Brown, M. Vidal, M. Pappalardo
Veryst Engineering LLC, Needham, MA, USA
Nordson EFD, East Providence, RI, USA
Laminar flow static mixers are accurate, inexpensive fluid mixing devices that can handle a wide range of fluids and mixing proportions. They have a wide range of industrial applications, especially in the consumer product, pharmaceutical, biomedical, and petrochemical industries. A good mixing quality is obtained when the outlet of the mixer has no concentrated volumes of either mixed materials ...
R. López, J. Morales*, M. Vaca, A. Lizardi, H. Terres, G. Bautista, A. Lara
Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Tlalpan, Distrito Federal, Mexico
Several undergraduate programs include the “Heat transfer” subject and, in our experience, it is hard for the students to grasp the concepts that are presented in the course. With this in mind, we designed and constructed an apparatus for the experimentation of heat transfer in a short bar. It was observed, that the time required to perform the experiment was so long, that the didactic aim ...
OSRAM SYLVANIA, Beverly, MA, USA
COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate natural convection and its impact on peak operating temperatures of solid-sate lighting in thermally adverse conditions. PDE modes in the general form are used in conjunction with a thin-surface conduction formulation in the weak form. COMSOL is used to predict both temperatures and heat flows through numerous components of the configuration. Model ...
S. Qidwai, N. Kota, V. DeGiorgi
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA
Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing of ...
D. Gasperino , O. Yildirim
Intellectual Ventures, Bellevue, WA, USA
In 2010 an estimated 109 million infants were immunized against DTP, which serves as a good proxy for vaccinations in general. At the same time, however, approximately 19.3 million infants worldwide were not reached by routine DTP immunization services. Immunization rates tend to be lowest in areas where poor infrastructure and limited access to electricity can cause vaccine stock-outs and high ...
T.C. Zhu, B. Liu, X. Liang
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during photodynamic therapy (PDT). A previously developed model that incorporates the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic kinetic equations for the generation of the singlet oxygen, can be used to numerically calculate the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 using finite-element method (FEM). The formula of reacted ...
School for Engineering of Matter, Transport, and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Chemistry Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
Flexible electronics are temporarily affixed to a rigid carrier such as glass or silicon prior to device fabrication to facilitate robotic handling of the device, but also to allow optical lithography to stay within overlay design registration budget; without the rigid carrier, a freestanding flexible substrate such as polyimide would distort unacceptably during even minor temperature excursions ...
M.H. Babaei, T. Dabros, S.B. Savage
Ocean, Coastal, and River Engineering, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Devon, AB, Canada
Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
In this study, the dam-break type two-dimensional gravitational collapse of rectangular granular piles in air was numerically studied. The frictional behavior of the material was based on the von-Mises model with the Mohr-Coulomb yield surface leading to pressure and strain-rate-dependence of shear viscosity. The governing equations of the problem were solved using the COMSOL two-phase flow CFD ...
Computationally Assisted Design and Experimental Validation of a Novel ‘Flow-Focussed’ Microfluidics Chip for Generating Monodisperse Microbubbles
M. Conneely, V. Hegde, H. Rolfsnes, A. Mason, D. McLean, C. Main, F.J.D. Smith, W.H.I. McLean, P.A. Campbell
Carnegie Physics Laboratory, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
Division of Molecular Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
Whilst initially developed as a diagnostic aid to improve echogenicity in ultrasound imaging, gas-filled lipid microbubbles are now emerging as a next generation \'theranostic\' tool in the medical arena. Here, their therapeutic potential has now been realized through their unique capability to deliver molecular species such as drugs and genes by means of disrupting the cell membrane in response ...
University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
Water-and-energy supply is a global issue of paramount importance. The demand for safe potable water is quickly exceeding the limits of natural regional water resources. Like oil, water is a finite resource; unlike oil, however, water has no alternatives. Water, energy and their environmentally sound solutions are interrelated; and of all the present-day environmental problems, those related to ...