Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Thermal Adversity in Solid-State Lighting

T. Dreeben[1]
[1]OSRAM SYLVANIA, Beverly, MA, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate natural convection and its impact on peak operating temperatures of solid-sate lighting in thermally adverse conditions. PDE modes in the general form are used in conjunction with a thin-surface conduction formulation in the weak form. COMSOL is used to predict both temperatures and heat flows through numerous components of the configuration. Model ...

Establishing Absorbed Dose Thresholds for Nonlinearities in Water Calorimetry

R.E. Tosh[1], H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

The technique of water calorimetry for primary-standard dosimetry of radiotherapy-level ionizing radiation is well established at national metrology institutes around the world, where such a direct realization of absorbed dose establishes the basis for calibrating instruments used for dosimetry in medical settings. The typical calorimeter system uses miniature thermistor beads to measure ...

Design and Prototyping of a Passive Cold Chain Vaccine Storage Device for Long Hold Times

D. Gasperino [1], O. Yildirim[1]
[1]Intellectual Ventures, Bellevue, WA, USA

In 2010 an estimated 109 million infants were immunized against DTP, which serves as a good proxy for vaccinations in general. At the same time, however, approximately 19.3 million infants worldwide were not reached by routine DTP immunization services. Immunization rates tend to be lowest in areas where poor infrastructure and limited access to electricity can cause vaccine stock-outs and high ...

Singlet Oxygen Modeling of BPD Mediated-PDT Using COMSOL

T.C. Zhu[1], B. Liu[1], X. Liang[1]
[1]University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during photodynamic therapy (PDT). A previously developed model that incorporates the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic kinetic equations for the generation of the singlet oxygen, can be used to numerically calculate the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 using finite-element method (FEM). The formula of reacted ...

Gravitational Collapse of Rectangular Granular Piles

M.H. Babaei[1], T. Dabros[2], S.B. Savage[3]
[1]Ocean, Coastal, and River Engineering, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
[2]Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Devon, AB, Canada
[3]Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

In this study, the dam-break type two-dimensional gravitational collapse of rectangular granular piles in air was numerically studied. The frictional behavior of the material was based on the von-Mises model with the Mohr-Coulomb yield surface leading to pressure and strain-rate-dependence of shear viscosity. The governing equations of the problem were solved using the COMSOL two-phase flow CFD ...

Numerical Modeling of Pit Growth in Microstructure

S. Qidwai[1], N. Kota[2], V. DeGiorgi[1]
[1]Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
[2]Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA

Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing of ...

Electromagnetic Release Process for Flexible Electronics

G. Coryell[1][,][2]
[1]School for Engineering of Matter, Transport, and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
[2]Chemistry Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

Flexible electronics are temporarily affixed to a rigid carrier such as glass or silicon prior to device fabrication to facilitate robotic handling of the device, but also to allow optical lithography to stay within overlay design registration budget; without the rigid carrier, a freestanding flexible substrate such as polyimide would distort unacceptably during even minor temperature excursions ...

Conjugate Heat Transfer

J. Crompton[1], L. Gritter[1], S. Yushanov[1], K. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

Quenching from high temperature by fluid flow has been analyzed; when no phase transformation occurs heat transfer is a function of conduction and convection. Flow conditions may lead to turbulent flow that affects the heat dissipation over the surface. Analysis of heat transfer with phase transformation is more complex ue to the range of near-wall effects from film boiling, transition boiling, ...

SWRO (Desalination) Biofilm Remediation Technology Utilizing Centrifugal Micro-Fluids

E.M. Glenn[1]
[1]University of California, Irvine, CA, USA

Water-and-energy supply is a global issue of paramount importance. The demand for safe potable water is quickly exceeding the limits of natural regional water resources. Like oil, water is a finite resource; unlike oil, however, water has no alternatives. Water, energy and their environmentally sound solutions are interrelated; and of all the present-day environmental problems, those related to ...

Computationally Assisted Design and Experimental Validation of a Novel ‘Flow-Focussed’ Microfluidics Chip for Generating Monodisperse Microbubbles

M. Conneely[1], V. Hegde[2], H. Rolfsnes[1], A. Mason[2], D. McLean[1], C. Main[1], F.J.D. Smith[2], W.H.I. McLean[2], P.A. Campbell[1]
[1]Carnegie Physics Laboratory, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
[2]Division of Molecular Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

Whilst initially developed as a diagnostic aid to improve echogenicity in ultrasound imaging, gas-filled lipid microbubbles are now emerging as a next generation \'theranostic\' tool in the medical arena. Here, their therapeutic potential has now been realized through their unique capability to deliver molecular species such as drugs and genes by means of disrupting the cell membrane in response ...

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