Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Chloride Transport in Cracked Concrete: a 3-D Image–Based Microstructure Simulation

Y. Lu[1], E. Garboczi[1], D. Bentz[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

The prediction of concrete materials service life is not easy, because the complex heterogeneous microstructure and the random nature of concrete materials. Study the presence of cracks in concrete and their effect on coupled reaction and transport are of great interest in civil engineering. Cracks with different widths and depths will reduce the cover thickness and accelerate the migration of ...

Design Geometry Optimization of Vertical Cracks in Thermal Barrier Coatings from Simulated Thermal and Mechanical Behavior

C. Heveran[1], J. Xu[1], D. Cole[2], S. Basu[1], V. Sarin[1]
[1]Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA

Turbine blades are coated with thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) to reduce operating temperature. TBCs experience stress from coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch with the bond-coat and substrate. Vertical cracks are thought to offer stress relief, but influence of crack geometry on TBC thermal and mechanical properties is not well understood. A two-dimensional, steady-state model is employed ...

Finite Element Solution of Nonlinear Transient Rock Damage with Application in Geomechanics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

S. Enayatpour[1], T. Patzek[1]
[1]The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

The increasing energy demand calls for advances in technology which translate into more accurate and complex simulations of physical problems. Understanding the rock damage is essential to understanding the geomechanics of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The fragile microstructure of some rocks makes it difficult to predict the propagation of fracture in these rocks, therefore a mathematical model is ...

Simulation and Fabrication of Wireless Passive MEMS Pressure Sensor

E.A. Unigarro Calpa[1], D.A. Sanz Becerra[1], A. Arciniegas[2], F. Ramirez[1], F. Segura-Quijano[1]
[1]Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia
[2]Instituto Barraquer de América, Bogotá, Colombia

A wireless passive pressure sensor and the measurement system were design and simulated using COMSOL 4.3. The sensor is based on MEMS capacitor attached to a planar inductor for wireless powering and readout. An external coil is used for the measuring system. The pressure to be measured compresses the MEMS capacitor and changes sensor\'s resonance frequency. COMSOL 4.3 was used for the analysis ...

Zero Dispersion Modeling in As2S3-Based Microstructured Fibers

P. Gagnon[1], H. Manouzi[1], M. El Amraoui[1], Y. Messaddeq[1]
[1]Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada

An important step in designing a microstructured optical fiber is the computation and management of its dispersion curve. It is well-known that computing chromatic dispersion can be done analytically for certain geometries (e.g. step-index fibers), but no such analytical methods is known in the realm of microstructured optical fibers. Figure 1, Figure 2, and Figure 3 illustrate cross-sections of ...

Computationally Assisted Design and Experimental Validation of a Novel ‘Flow-Focussed’ Microfluidics Chip for Generating Monodisperse Microbubbles

M. Conneely[1], V. Hegde[2], H. Rolfsnes[1], A. Mason[2], D. McLean[1], C. Main[1], F.J.D. Smith[2], W.H.I. McLean[2], P.A. Campbell[1]
[1]Carnegie Physics Laboratory, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
[2]Division of Molecular Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

Whilst initially developed as a diagnostic aid to improve echogenicity in ultrasound imaging, gas-filled lipid microbubbles are now emerging as a next generation \'theranostic\' tool in the medical arena. Here, their therapeutic potential has now been realized through their unique capability to deliver molecular species such as drugs and genes by means of disrupting the cell membrane in response ...

Modeling a Combined Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], B. Fontenault[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...

COMSOL Simulations for Steady State Thermal Hydraulics Analyses of ORNL’s High Flux Isotope Reactor

P.K. Jain[1], V.B. Khane[2], J.D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[2]Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

Simulation models for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses of ORNL’s HFIR have been developed using COMSOL. A single fuel plate and coolant channel of each type of HFIR fuel element was modeled in three dimensions. The standard k-? turbulence model was used in simulating turbulent flow with conjugate heat transfer. The COMSOL models were developed to be fully parameterized to allow ...

Modeling and Analysis of a Direct Geothermal Heat Pump (DX): Part II-Modeling of Water-Refrigerant Exchanger

J. Fannou[1], C. Rouseau[1], L. Lamarche[1], S. Kajl[1]
[1]École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, Canada

In this section, we simulate the heat exchanger system in one dimension characterized by two coaxial tubes with ribbed inner tube using the equations of conservation of mass, conservation of momentum and energy. The COMSOL PDE interface is used to simulate the monophasic and biphasic flow of refrigerant R22 (Chlorodifluoromethane). Heat transfer in waterand inner wall of the exchanger are modeled ...

Multiphase Transport with Large Deformations Undergoing Rubbery-Glassy Phase Transition: Applications to Drying

T. Gulati[1], A. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Drying of biomaterials such as foodstuffs involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large shrinkage of the porous material, which have significant effects on their final quality. Foodstuffs exhibit non-linearity when undergoing large deformations that affect the transport process in a critical way. Thus, it becomes important to perform a two-way coupling of the multiphase transport ...

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