Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Surface Plasmon Resonance

J. Crompton[1], S. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], K.C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...

Thermal Model for Single Discharge EDM Process Using COMSOL Multiphysics

K. Gajjar[1], U. Maradia[2], K. Wegener[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharshtra, India
[2]Institute for Process Tools and Manufacturing (IWF), Zurich, Switzerland

Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is a non-conventional process used for machining electrically conducting materials. In die sink-EDM, sparks are generated between tool and workpiece resulting in heating of both electrode surfaces and creating a melt pool of metal which leads to generation of new surfaces on cooling. Physical processes involved in electric discharge and material removal are ...

Modeling of Chloride Transport in Cracked Concrete: a 3-D Image–Based Microstructure Simulation

Y. Lu[1], E. Garboczi[1], D. Bentz[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

The prediction of concrete materials service life is not easy, because the complex heterogeneous microstructure and the random nature of concrete materials. Study the presence of cracks in concrete and their effect on coupled reaction and transport are of great interest in civil engineering. Cracks with different widths and depths will reduce the cover thickness and accelerate the migration of ...

Finite Element Solution of Nonlinear Transient Rock Damage with Application in Geomechanics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

S. Enayatpour[1], T. Patzek[1]
[1]The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

The increasing energy demand calls for advances in technology which translate into more accurate and complex simulations of physical problems. Understanding the rock damage is essential to understanding the geomechanics of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The fragile microstructure of some rocks makes it difficult to predict the propagation of fracture in these rocks, therefore a mathematical model is ...

Simulation and Fabrication of Wireless Passive MEMS Pressure Sensor

E.A. Unigarro Calpa[1], D.A. Sanz Becerra[1], A. Arciniegas[2], F. Ramirez[1], F. Segura-Quijano[1]
[1]Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia
[2]Instituto Barraquer de América, Bogotá, Colombia

A wireless passive pressure sensor and the measurement system were design and simulated using COMSOL 4.3. The sensor is based on MEMS capacitor attached to a planar inductor for wireless powering and readout. An external coil is used for the measuring system. The pressure to be measured compresses the MEMS capacitor and changes sensor\'s resonance frequency. COMSOL 4.3 was used for the analysis ...

Zero Dispersion Modeling in As2S3-Based Microstructured Fibers

P. Gagnon[1], H. Manouzi[1], M. El Amraoui[1], Y. Messaddeq[1]
[1]Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada

An important step in designing a microstructured optical fiber is the computation and management of its dispersion curve. It is well-known that computing chromatic dispersion can be done analytically for certain geometries (e.g. step-index fibers), but no such analytical methods is known in the realm of microstructured optical fibers. Figure 1, Figure 2, and Figure 3 illustrate cross-sections of ...

Computationally Assisted Design and Experimental Validation of a Novel ‘Flow-Focussed’ Microfluidics Chip for Generating Monodisperse Microbubbles

M. Conneely[1], V. Hegde[2], H. Rolfsnes[1], A. Mason[2], D. McLean[1], C. Main[1], F.J.D. Smith[2], W.H.I. McLean[2], P.A. Campbell[1]
[1]Carnegie Physics Laboratory, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
[2]Division of Molecular Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

Whilst initially developed as a diagnostic aid to improve echogenicity in ultrasound imaging, gas-filled lipid microbubbles are now emerging as a next generation \'theranostic\' tool in the medical arena. Here, their therapeutic potential has now been realized through their unique capability to deliver molecular species such as drugs and genes by means of disrupting the cell membrane in response ...

Modeling a Combined Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], B. Fontenault[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...

COMSOL Simulations for Steady State Thermal Hydraulics Analyses of ORNL’s High Flux Isotope Reactor

P.K. Jain[1], V.B. Khane[2], J.D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[2]Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

Simulation models for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses of ORNL’s HFIR have been developed using COMSOL. A single fuel plate and coolant channel of each type of HFIR fuel element was modeled in three dimensions. The standard k-? turbulence model was used in simulating turbulent flow with conjugate heat transfer. The COMSOL models were developed to be fully parameterized to allow ...

Optimized Illumination Directions of Single-Photon Detectors Integrated with Different Plasmonic Structures

M. Csete[1], Á. Sipos[1], A. Szalai[1], G. Szabó[1]
[1]Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

The optimal orientations of different single-photon detector designs were determined by COMSOL software package. Absorption of niobium-nitride (NbN) stripes in two different (p=220 nm, 3p=660 nm) periodic patterns integrated with plasmonic elements was studied. In OC-SNSPDs consisting of ~quarter-photon-wavelength nano-cavity the optimum direction is perpendicular incidence onto NbN stripes in ...

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