Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Void Drainage with Thin Film Dynamics

J.J. Gangloff Jr.[1], W.R. Hwang[2], S.G. Advani[1]
[1]Center for Composite Materials, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
[2]School of Mechanical Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea

Voids in composite materials can lead to degraded structural performance. The following is a study of voids or bubbles in uncured viscous polymer resin during composites processing. The goal is to determine if voids can successfully migrate towards vacuum pathways, coalesce with the pathways, and escape. Inherent to the coalescence process is the drainage and rupture of the resin thin film formed ...

Poroelastic Models of Stress Diffusion and Fault Re-Activation in Underground Injection

R. Nopper[1], J. Clark[2], C. Miller[1]
[1]DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
[2]DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA

Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...

Thermal Model for Single Discharge EDM Process Using COMSOL Multiphysics

K. Gajjar[1], U. Maradia[2], K. Wegener[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharshtra, India
[2]Institute for Process Tools and Manufacturing (IWF), Zurich, Switzerland

Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is a non-conventional process used for machining electrically conducting materials. In die sink-EDM, sparks are generated between tool and workpiece resulting in heating of both electrode surfaces and creating a melt pool of metal which leads to generation of new surfaces on cooling. Physical processes involved in electric discharge and material removal are ...

Modeling and Prediction of Line Pattern Collapse

D. Bassett[1], M. Carcasi[1], W. Printz[1]
[1]Tokyo Electron America, Austin, TX, USA

In semiconductor manufacturing, effective cleaning of structures with liquid is one of the most important and potentially difficult process steps. It is important because it remains the cheapest and most cost-effective method to remove particles and residues from the structures in order to prevent defects, but can also be difficult because as the structures dry, surface tension forces can cause ...

Use of COMSOL Multiphysics to Simulate RF Heating of Passive Conductive Implants in MRI Scanners

Dr. Leewood joined MED Institute (a Cook Medical Company) in January 2004. He came to MED from AC Engineering, Inc.(ACE) which he founded in 1986. ACE provided consulting services in the field of Computer Aided Engineering with specialty in solving a wide range of industrial problems requiring expert use of nonlinear FEA, in particular the ABAQUS® program. Dr. Leewood was brought into MED to ...

Application of COMSOL Multiphysics in the Simulation of Magnesium Refining and Production

X. Guan[1], E. Gratz[1], U. Pal[1]
[1]Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...

Simulation and Fabrication of Wireless Passive MEMS Pressure Sensor

E.A. Unigarro Calpa[1], D.A. Sanz Becerra[1], A. Arciniegas[2], F. Ramirez[1], F. Segura-Quijano[1]
[1]Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia
[2]Instituto Barraquer de América, Bogotá, Colombia

A wireless passive pressure sensor and the measurement system were design and simulated using COMSOL 4.3. The sensor is based on MEMS capacitor attached to a planar inductor for wireless powering and readout. An external coil is used for the measuring system. The pressure to be measured compresses the MEMS capacitor and changes sensor\'s resonance frequency. COMSOL 4.3 was used for the analysis ...

Orientation of Piezoelectric Crystals and Acoustic Wave Propagation

G. Zhang[1]
[1]Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices are commonly used as wireless filters, resonators, and sensors. The confinement of acoustic energy near the surface of a piezoelectric substrate in a SAW sensor makes it highly sensitive for discerning surface perturbation. As sensors, SAW devices have the potential to provide a high-performance sensing platform with capabilities of remote and high-temperature ...

Modeling and Experimental Verification of the Power Transfer and Thermal Characteristics of Piezoelectric Transformers Subjected to Combined Mechanical and Electrical Loading

S. Tuncdemir[1], W.M. Bradley[2]
[1]Solid State Ceramics, Williamsport, PA, USA
[2]QorTek, Williamsport, PA, USA

A piezoelectric transformer allows purely mechanical transfer and scaling of electrical energy via simultaneous utilization of both the direct and converse piezoelectric effects. This mechanical energy transfer enables a wide range of functional differences from typical magnetic-based electrical power transformers. Comparing to their electromagnetic counterparts, piezoelectric transformers are ...

Determination of the Optical Properties of Individual Gold Nanorods through Numerical Modeling and Experiment

Y. Davletshin[1], J.C. Kumaradas[1]
[1]Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

The optical scattering and absorption of gold nanorods (GNRs) depends on its size, shape, and surroundings. This dependence is due to both intrinsic and extrinsic effects. A good understanding of this dependence is needed for applications of GNRs in photo-thermal therapy, optical and opto-acoustic imaging, biosensing, and other photonic areas. Extrinsic effects are caused by the production of ...

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