Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Laminar Flow Static Mixers

N. Elabbasi[1], X. Liu[1], S. Brown[1], M. Vidal[2], M. Pappalardo[2]
[1]Veryst Engineering LLC, Needham, MA, USA
[2]Nordson EFD, East Providence, RI, USA

Laminar flow static mixers are accurate, inexpensive fluid mixing devices that can handle a wide range of fluids and mixing proportions. They have a wide range of industrial applications, especially in the consumer product, pharmaceutical, biomedical, and petrochemical industries. A good mixing quality is obtained when the outlet of the mixer has no concentrated volumes of either mixed materials ...

Numerical Study and Simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics of the Dilution Process during Dust Sampling in Dry Machining

B. Wenga-Ntcheping[1], A. Djebara[1], R. Kamguem[1], J. Kouam[1], V. Songmene[1]
[1]University of Quebec-École de Technologie Supérieure, Montreal, Canada

Dilution’s issue during dry machining have raised the interest’s environmental researchers and engineers. In fact, the sampling of dust emitted during dry machining was a serious problem for air quality evaluation at the workplace. Furthermore, the best sampling of fine and ultrafine particles produced during material cutting, passed through the dilution of high particle concentration ...

Turbulent Compressible Flow in a Slender Tube

K.O. Lund[1], C.M. Lord[2]
[1]Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
[2]Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA

Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...

Piezoelectric Buzzer Optimization for Micropumps

A. Garcia[1], A. Marcus[1], F. Tejo[1], C. Precker[1], C. Moreira[2]
[1]Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil
[2]Instituto Federal de Alagoas, Maceio, AL, Brazil

Piezoelectric buzzers are low cost devices which can be used successfully as actuators in diaphragm-based micro-pumps. The buzzers are piezoelectric wafers (lead-zirconate-titanate-PZT) that are glued on a brass membrane and they are available within different sizes and thicknesses. For the best performance of a diaphragm pump, it is necessary to have a large displacement of the membrane. This ...

Simulation of Microwave Heating of Porous Media Coupled with Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer

J. Subbiah[1], J. Chen[1], K. Pitchai[1], S. Birla[1], D. Jones[1]
[1]University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

A microwave heating model coupled with heat, mass, and momentum transfer is needed to fully understand the microwave heating process. In this study a comprehensive 3D model was developed for studying the interaction of microwave with the food. The model includes physics of Maxwell’s electromagnetic heating, Fourier’s heat transfer, Darcy’s momentum transfer, mass conservations of water and ...

Heat-Sink Solution through Artificial Nanodielectrics for LED Lighting Application

N. Badi[1], R. Mekala[2]
[1]Department of Physics, Center for Advanced Materials, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA
[2]Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA

Thermally conducting but electrically insulating materials are needed for heat-sink LED lighting applications. We report on a cost effective and innovative method based on creating core-shell nanoparticles in polymer with aluminum (Al) nanoparticles as the high thermal conductivity core and ultrathin aluminum oxide (Al?O?) as a capping shell. The solid oxide shell around the Al core prevents ...

Design of a Pressure Sensor to Monitor Teeth Grinding

I.M. Abdel-Motaleb[1], K. Ravanasa[1], K.J. Soderholm[2]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
[2]Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL USA

Studying teeth grinding behavior and other oral conditions requires the ability to accurately measure the pressure on the teeth. Placing a sensor in the mouth requires small size devices with powering and measurement techniques that do not hinder the normal life of the patient. To meet these requirements, we designed, using COMSOL, a small, easy to read MEMS capacitive force sensor, with ...

Early Stage Melt Ejection in Laser Percussion Drilling

T. Eppes[1]
[1]University of Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA

Laser percussion drilling is widely used in the aerospace industry to produce cooling holes in jet engine components. This process is a thermal, contact-free process which involves firing a sequence of focused optical pulses onto a target material [1-4]. During each optical pulse, the central portion of the target area heats to a liquid then vapor state where the expanding gas produces a recoil ...

Modeling and Prediction of Line Pattern Collapse

D. Bassett[1], M. Carcasi[1], W. Printz[1]
[1]Tokyo Electron America, Austin, TX, USA

In semiconductor manufacturing, effective cleaning of structures with liquid is one of the most important and potentially difficult process steps. It is important because it remains the cheapest and most cost-effective method to remove particles and residues from the structures in order to prevent defects, but can also be difficult because as the structures dry, surface tension forces can cause ...

Design and Nuclear-Safety Related Simulations of Bare-Pellet Test Irradiations for the Production of Pu-238 in the High Flux Isotope Reactor Using COMSOL

J.D. Freels[1], P.K. Jain[1], R.W. Hobbs[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is developing technology to re-establish the capability to produce plutonium-238 for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as a power source material for powering vehicles while in deep-space. The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of ORNL has been utilized to perform test irradiations of in-capsulated neptunium oxide (NpO2) and aluminum ...

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