Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Modeling of Powder Flow During Coaxial Laser Direct Metal Deposition: Comparison Between Ti-6Al-4V Alloy and 316L Stainless Steel

S. Morville[1], M. Carin[1], D. Carron[1], P. Le Masson[1], M. Gharbi[2], P. Peyre[2], R. Fabbro[2]
[1]Université de Bretagne-Sud/UEB-LIMATB, Lorient, France
[2]PIMM, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Paris, France

This paper presents a 3D numerical model to predict the whole process of coaxial powder flow, including the particle stream flow in and below the nozzle and also the laser-particle interaction process. The Particle Tracing Module of COMSOL Multiphysics is used to solve the coupled momentum transfer equations between the particle and gas phase while incorporating particle temperature evolution. A ...

FEM Based Design and Simulation Tool for MRI Birdcage Coils Including Eigenfrequency Analysis

N. Gurler[1], Y. Ziya Ider[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey

Designing a Radio Frequency (RF) birdcage coil used in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) at high frequencies where the wavelength is comparable with the coil dimensions is a challenging task. Before construction of the coil, not only calculating the capacitance value which is necessary for the coil to resonate at the desired frequency but also geometrically modeling the coil in a 3D simulation ...

Numerical Investigation of the Convective Heat Transfer Enhancement in Coiled Tubes

L. Cattani[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy

The work is focused on the numerical analysis of forced convection in curved tubes investigating the correlation between the heat transfer and friction factor enhancement and the effects of the wall curvature. The analysis was performed by integrating the continuity, momentum and energy equations within COMSOL Multiphysics. The local Nusselt number reaches values higher than the ones expected for ...

Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification

P. Sadooghi[1], R. Rauch[1]
[1]Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...

A Numerical Comparison of Dielectric based Measurement of Atmospheric Ice Using COMSOL

U. N. Mughal[1], M. S. Virk[1]
[1]Narvik University College, Narvik, Norway

Atmospheric ice is a very complex material with varying electrical properties due to different polymorphs of ice itself. Also, if the medium to be considered is snow, then density becomes an additional parameter because it is a mixture of three dielectrics water, ice and air. The permittivity and loss tangent of naturally occurring ice and snow shows lot of variation at different conditions ...

Ampacity Simulation of a High Voltage Cable Used in Offshore Wind Farms

E. Pelster[1]
[1]Wenger Engineering, Ulm, Germany

The ampacity of a cable depends on the cross section of its conductor. When selecting a cable design for a specific application it is of interest to choose the lowest possible conductor cross section in order to reduce material costs. Therefore an exact calculation of the ampacity is necessary (it is usually limited by the thermal resistance of the insulating cable materials). Commonly the ...

Modeling of the Photo-Mechanical Response of Liquid-Crystal Elastomers

G. Cerretti[1], J.-C. Gomez-Lavocat[1][2], K. Vynck[1], D.S. Wiersma[1][3]
[1]European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), University of Florence, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
[2]The Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO), Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Spain
[3]Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), National Research Council (CNR), Florence, Italy

Liquid-crystal elastomers (LCEs) [1] have attracted a great attention in recent years due to their high potential in a wide range of applications, from microfluidics components [2] to artificial muscles [3]. The photo-mechanical response of LCEs is due to their constitutive photo-sensitive molecules, which change shape when absorbing part of the incident light. These microscopic deformations can ...

Current Density Distribution and Material Removal Behavior on the Graphite/Iron-matrix Interface in Cast Iron Under Pulse Electrochemical Machining Conditions

O. Weber[1], R. Kollmannsperger[2], D. Bähre[2]
[1]Center for Mechatronics and Automatization, Saarbrücken, Germany
[2]Institute of Production Engineering, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany

The Pulse Electrochemical Machining is especially suitable for the precise production of complex geometric contours with high precision and high surface quality demands in workpieces in series manufacturing. During this process, the negative structure of an electrode is copied to the workpiece without sub-surface damages. An adequate knowledge of the current density distribution and thus of the ...

Highly Concentrated Solar Radiation Measurement by Means of an Inverse Method

L. Mongibello[1], N. Bianco[2], R. Fucci[1], F. Moscariello[2]
[1]ENEA - Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Portici, Italy
[2]DETEC - Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy

This work focuses on the numerical analysis conducted on the prototype sensor for the measurement of highly concentrated radiative heat fluxes, based on an inverse heat transfer method, realized at the ENEA Portici Research Center in collaboration with the DETEC department of the University of Naples Federico II. The estimates of highly concentrated radiative heat fluxes on the target surface of ...

FEM Modeling of Electric Field and Potential Distributions of MV XLPE Cables Containing Void Defect

M. Alsharif[1], P. Wallace[2], D. Hepburn[2], C. Zhou[2]
[1]Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya
[2]School of Engineering & Computing, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Introduction: Failure in cable insulation is generally preceded by a degradation phase that may last several years. A significant cause of cable system failures is the breakdown of electrical insulation between the electrodes. The operational stresses that occur in cable insulation which include thermal, mechanical and electrical effects will vary with time and can cause degradation due to the ...

Quick Search