Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Assessing the Potential of Ventilated Facades on Reducing a Buildings’ Thermal Load Using Decoupled COMSOL Simulations

J. van Schijndel[1], C. van Dronkelaar[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Solar radiation is a prominent contributor of energy in buildings, and can be transmitted directly into a building through opaque surfaces, but it can also be absorbed by building components (i.e. walls, roofs etc.). This study discusses the use and effect of ventilated facades, with an external facade cladding, a sub-structure anchored to the wall surface of the building under solar radiation, ...

Coupling Heat Transfer in Heat Pipe Arrays with Subsurface Porous Media Flow for Long Time Predictions of Solar Rechargeable Geothermal Systems

P. Oberdorfer[1], R. Hu[1], M. Azizur Rahman[1], E. Holzbecher[1], M. Sauter[1], P. Pärisch[2]
[1]Applied Geology, Geoscience Centre, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hameln/Emmerthal (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany

An increased share of renewable energies is regarded as an integral part of a strategy towards a sustainable future. With regard to the heat supply sector this may be achieved using solar thermal collectors or heat pump systems with borehole heat exchangers. During the last years solar thermal and geothermal systems have generally been installed separately. Now, several proposals are discussed in ...

Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification

P. Sadooghi[1], R. Rauch[1]
[1]Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...

Coupling Multiphysics with Geochemistry: The COMSOL-PhreeqC Interface

A. Nardi[1], L. M. de Vries[1], P. Trinchero[1], A. Enrique Idiart [1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Phreeqc is a program for simulating chemical reactions and 1D transport processes in aqueous systems. Several couplings between conservative transport codes and PHREEQC already exist. The methodology used here is based on the operator splitting concept: the transport of the aqueous components and the chemical reactions are solved in two different steps. The Java interface uses the COMSOL Java ...

Passive Cooling of Power Electronics: Heat in the Box

M. Berger[1], W. Schernus[1]
[1]West Coast University of Applied Sciences, Heide, Germany

Results presented are a contribution to the design of a 5kW-DC-AC-converter for applications in forklifts. The device is located in a closed environment and entirely operated with passive cooling. Due to concurrent engineering approach and environmental conditions correct prediction of absolute temperature values by simulation was crucial. Heat sinks have been modeled properly and a thermal ...

Numerically Generated g-functions for Ground Coupled Heat Pump Applications

J. Acuna[1], M. Fossa[2], P. Monzó[1]
[1]KTH Energy Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Dime, University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Ground-coupled heat pumps (GCHP) are successfully installed since at about 20 years in many countries to fulfill space conditioning requirements in building applications. In most cases the heat pump is connected to a system of vertical ground heat exchangers (as illustrated in Figure 1) where a fluid is circulated inside a system of pipes inserted in a deep borehole drilled in the soil. Drilling ...

Solar Cell Cooling and Heat Recovery in a Concentrated Photovoltaic System

M. Cozzini[1]
[1]Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy

Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...

Multiphysics Between Deep Geothermal Water Cycle, Surface Heat Exchanger Cycle and Geothermal Power Plant Cycle

L.W. Wong[1]
[1]International Centre for Geothermal Research, Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre For Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, Potsdam, Germany

Within the framework of Groß Schönebeck project in the North German Basin of Germany, multiphysics between deep geothermal reservoir, boreholes, heat exchangers and power plant is crucial to study lifecycle behavior of each component thereafter a later coupling to study lifecycle and recovery of the overall geothermal system. Study is divided into geothermal water cycle, surface heat exchanger ...

Study of Thermal Behavior of Thermoset Polymer Matrix Filled with Micro and Nanoparticles

B. Reine[1], J. Di-Tomaso[2], G. Dusserre[1], P. Olivier[1]
[1]Université de Toulouse, UPS, INSA, Mines Albi, ISAE, ICA, IUT, Dept. GMP, Toulouse Cedex, France
[2]RESCOLL - Société de Recherche, Pessac Cedex, France

This paper addresses the study of thermal behavior of thermoset polymer matrix filled with microparticles. A numerical model was developed with COMSOL Multiphysics to get a random spatial distribution of fillers in a representative volume element (RVE). This model was then compared to an analytical reference model (Hamilton model) and experimental results. This comparison highlights a good ...

Simulation of an Ultrasonic Immersion Test for the Characterization of Anisotropic Materials

A. Castellano[1], P. Foti[1], A. Fraddosio[1], S. Marzano[1], M.D. Piccioni[1], D. Scardigno[1]
[1]DICAR, Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy

Introduction: Improving the capability of nondestructive evaluations requires the analysis of suitable models dealing with the physical and mechanical phenomena involved in the experiments. For example, ultrasonic tests may be a powerful, fast and effective method for nondestructive characterization of mechanical properties of materials. This requires the study of the related elastodynamic ...

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