Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Homogenization Approaches for Laminated Magnetic Cores Using the Example of Transient 3D Transformer Modeling

H. Neubert[1], J. Ziske[1], T. Heimpold[1], R. Disselnkötter[2]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Electromechanical and Electronic Design, Germany
[2]ABB AG, Corporate Research Center Germany, Ladenburg, Germany

A specific issue in transformer modeling using the finite element method is the consideration of electric sheets or other laminated core materials which are used to reduce eddy currents. It would be impractical to explicitly model a large number of sheets as this would lead to a large number of elements and hence to unacceptable computational costs. Homogenization procedures overcome this ...

Failure Modes of Underground MV Cables: Electrical and Thermal Modelling

P.A. Wallace[1], M. Alsharif[1], D.M. Hepburn[1], and C. Zhou[1]
[1]Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Two simulations of the performance of a Paper Insulated Lead Covered (PILC) Medium Voltage (MV) underground cable are presented. The first presents the thermal response of a cable, over seven days, to a realistic load with a diurnal variation. The second concentrates on the variation of the electric field stress within the cable over a single AC cycle. The effects of a void defect within the ...

Design of Light Emitting Diodes (LED)

E. Baur, M. Sabathil, and N. Linder
Osram Opto Semiconductors GmbH, Regensburg, Germany

For a proper design shaping of light emitting diodes, the exact knowledge of the current distribution in the active area is essential. On the one hand, one has to achieve a uniform current density over the chip area, on the other hand, one has to avoid current crowding in the neighborhood of the electrical contacts. In this paper it is shown first how a LED can be modeled by COMSOL Multiphysics. ...

Sensitivity Optimization of Microfluidic Capacitance Sensors

S. Satti[1], M. Baghini[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

As a part of a lab-on-chip-device, more often it is required to measure dielectric constant of the fluid. For this purpose it is necessary to develop a sensor whose size is compatible with microfluidic channel. The work, presented in this paper, studies effect of the parameters influencing sensitivity of such a sensor and ultimately optimizes these dimensions to maximize the sensitivity. We ...

Easy Evaluation of Streamer Discharge Criteria

G. Eriksson[1]
[1]ABB, Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden

An easily implemented method is devised, where analytical criteria for the occurrence of streamer discharges in strong electric fields are evaluated. This is highly useful when designing high voltage power transmission systems and components where the insulation is provided by a gas, e.g. air or SF6.

Adaptive Numerical Simulation of Streamer Propagation in Atmospheric Air

S. Singh[1], Y. Sedyuk[1], R. Summer[2]
[1]Chalmers University of Technology, High Voltage Engineering, Gothenburg, Sweden
[2]Schneider Electric, Regensburg, Germany

Simulations of streamer discharge was performed by utilizing a space adaptive numerical scheme based on logarithmic representation of mass conservation equations, which governs the transport of charge carriers. Implementation of a model, which describes the propagation of a streamer in air at atmospheric pressure is discussed. Results of numerical simulations of a nanosecond discharge are ...

Optimization of Artificial Diffusion Stabilization Techniques and Corresponding Mesh Density Distribution in Drift Dominated Transport of Diluted Species

J. Jadidian[1], M. Zahn[1], N. Lavesson[2], O. Widlund[2], K. Borg[2]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]ABB Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden

This paper presents an optimized combination of artificial diffusion techniques to stabilize a drift dominated streamer discharge model which includes COMSOL Multiphysics’ Transport of Diluted Species modules for positive ion, negative ion, and electron charge densities, coupled through the Electrostatic module. A Thermal Conduction and Convection module is responsible for the heat transfer in ...

2D Simulation of Cardiac Tissue

S. Esfahani[1]
[1]University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

A two-dimensional atrial tissue model has been constructed in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the propagation of action potential and electrograms. The model presents the atrial electrograms recorded with a mapping catheter. A 2D atrial tissue model is simulated using the Courtemanche et al. cell model equations. PDE in coefficient form was used in COMSOL Multiphysics® to reproduce ...

3D Multiphysics Model of Thermal Flow Sensors

C. Falco[1], A. De Luca[1], S. Sarfraz[1], F. Udrea[1]
[1]University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

The aim of this work is to present a model capable to describe the behaviour of a thermal flow sensor under every physical aspect. A generic thermal flow sensor relates the flow properties with a variation in the temperature profile inside the device itself. Thus, it is locally heated up with a resistive element biased with an external current, surrounded by one or more temperature sensing ...

Enhancement of Terahertz Emission by AuGe Nanopatterns

H. Surdi[1], A. Singh[1], S. S. Prabhu [1]
[1]Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha 
Road, Mumbai,India

Since the advent of Terhertz(THz) technology, improving the THz emission power has been one of the major research goal. One of the methods to increase the THz emission power is to increase the coupling of excitation laser light to the dielectric substrate.The field of nano-plasmonics exploits light-matter interactions at nanometer scale. With the help of metallic nano-structure at ...

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