Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Designing a Smart Skin with Fractal Geometry

S. Ni, C. Yang Koh, S. Kooi, and E. Thomas
Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies
Dept. of Materials Science and Eng.
MIT
Cambridge, MA

Recently, the concepts of fractal geometry have been introduced into electromagnetic and plasmonic metamaterials. With their self-similarity, structures based on fractal geometry should exhibit multi-band character with high Q factors due to the scaling law. However, there exist few studies of phononic metamaterials having fractal geometry. COMSOL is used to investigate vector elastic and ...

Modeling Acoustic Waveguides for Ear Impedance Measurements

R. Sisto[1], L. Cerini[1], D. Mambro[2], A. Moleti[2], F. Sanjust[1]
[1]INAIL Research, Monteporzio Catone, Italy
[2]Università di Roma, Tor Vergata, Italy

The otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are acoustic signals emitted by the inner ear as a consequence of the activity of a nonlinear feedback mechanism capable of amplifying the signal near to the hearing threshold level. The otoacoustic emissions can be used as an acoustic imaging of the cochlear functionality. They are used in clinics for screening purposes but due to the extreme variability between ...

Earth Pressure as a Boundary Condition to Bridge Piers and Abutments

M. Quinn[1], D. Whitlow[1], O.D.S. Taylor[1], M.H. McKenna[1]
[1] Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...

Simulation of Piezoelectric Nanofibers for Harvesting Energy Applications

S. Rouabah[1], A. Chaabi[1]
[1]Electronics Department, Constantine University, Constantine, Algeria

In this work, we have taken a model which is simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics®. It was used as a tool to design, characterize and to simulate an example which is nanofibers based piezoelectric energy generators. The results are compared with other available sources but using with another materials. After applying a pressure on the top of surface of nanogenerator, the output parameters ...

Investigation of Mean-Flow Effects on Tubular Combustion Chamber Thermoacoustics Using a Burner Transfer Matrix Approach

A. Andreini[1], B. Facchini[1], A. Innocenti[1], D. Pampaloni[1]
[1]University of Florence, Florence, Italy

The paper presents a methodology to account for local mean-flow effects on thermo-acoustic instabilities to improve typical calculations performed under the zero-Mach number assumption. A 3D FEM model of a simplified combustor is solved with COMSOL Multiphysics® Pressure Acoustics interface. The Helmholtz equation is used to model the combustor and the classical k-τ model for the Flame Transfer ...

Wave Carpet Simulation using Coupled Hydro-elastic FEMLAB Model

Ibragimov A., Koola, P.M.
Texas Tech University, Mathematics and Statistics, Lubbock TX, BSI One KBSI Place, East University, TX

Wave Carpet is a novel deep offshore wave-power floating system concept funded by the Office of Naval Research that will have low overall life cycle cost due to an integrated design and be rapidly redeployable. In this paper we numerically model the Wave Carpet motion using a coupled hydro-elastic time-domain solution. The major feature of the mathematical model is the presence of non ...

Using COMSOL to Support a Cost-Effective, Non-Destructive Evaluation Approach for Predicting Bolt Failure in Highway Bridges

A. Elyea, B. Doubek, G. Hubbard, and D. Ozevin
Department of Civil Engineering
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL

The development of a quantitative nondestructive evaluation method, as an alternative to visual inspection, for inspecting pre-tensioned bolts in fracture critical bridges is presented. In order to understand the ultrasonic behavior of a wide variety of bolt geometries used in bridges, numerical models of nine different bolt geometries were developed. The numerical models included the ...

Structured Ultrasonic Metasurfaces

R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited
Bangalore, India

Ultrasonic acoustic waves usually encounter interfaces with significant impedance mismatch in practical medical or industrial imaging applications. A transparent interface can help to improve the performance of medical and industrial imaging and overall innovative applications. Similarly, a broadband total reflection interface can help to improve the architectural or transportation barrier ...

Transient Heat Transfer Effects from a Flapping Wing

Lind, R.J., Abedian, B.
Department of Mechanical Engineering Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts

This presentation is a numerical study of fluid flow around a two-dimensional rigid flapping plate and its effects on the resultant transient heat transfer effects on the solid interface. In this study, a flat inflexible thin plate surrounded by air undergoes sinusoidal angular motion from one end while the other end is kept stationary, simulating a flapping motion. The two-dimensional ...

Linear Water Wave Propagation around Structures

L. Martinelli, and A. Lamberti
Universita di Bologna, Italy

Objective of this contribution is to show how to implement the Mild Slope Equations with COMSOL Multiphysics. These equations are commonly used to study the propagation of waves in harbors. Some interesting features are presented, namely the use of weak terms (used for the modelling of the source term); the evaluation of a smooth phase gradient from the complex dependent variable; a robust ...

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