Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Acoustic Energy Harvesting Using Helmholtz Resonator with Tapered Neck

M. A. Pillai[1], D. Ezhilarasi[1]
[1]National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

Various research activities are happening around the world on harvesting energy from green energy sources to satisfy the power requirements. Being an abundant form of green energy acoustic energy harvesting has been gaining importance despite the low power density of its sources. In acoustic energy harvesting energy is derived from external noise sources, captured, stored and controlled for ...

On The Use of a Diffusion Equation Model for Sound Energy Flow Prediction in Acoustically Coupled Spaces

Y. Jing, and N. Xiang
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

This paper studies sound energy flows through an aperture across two coupled spaces using a diffusion equation model. The so-called double sloped sound energy decay is believed to be caused by the sound energy exchange through the aperture coupling the two rooms. The room diffusion equation is first solved by COMSOL, then the time dependent energy flow is visualized via COMSOL arrow plotting, ...

Acoustic Streaming of a Sharp Edge

M. Ovchinnikov[1]
[1]Alcon Research Ltd., Lake Forest, CA, USA

Anomalous acoustic streaming is observed from sharp edges of vibrating solid bodies in fluids. The streaming velocities can be orders of magnitude higher than expected from the Rayleigh streaming at similar amplitudes of vibrations. Acoustic velocity of a fluid relative to a solid body diverges at a sharp edge giving rise to a localized time-independent body force acting on the fluid. The ...

Analysis of the Acoustic Response of a Railroad Bridge

K. Koppenhoefer[1], S.Yushanov[1], and M.H. McKenna[2]

[1]AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, Ohio, USA
[2]U.S. Army Engineering Research and Development Center

Aging infrastructure requires frequent inspections to assess their structural integrity. However, the large amount of existing infrastructure, and the distance between these structures present significant challenges to inspectors. Acoustics-based technologies represent a simple, and relatively inexpensive, technique to monitor the integrity of a structure. To develop these techniques, designers ...

Empirical Model Dedicated to the Sensitivity Study of Acoustic Hydrogen Gas Sensors Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Ndieguene[1], I. Kerroum[1], F. Domingue[1], A. Reinhardt[2]
[1]Laboratoire des Microsystèmes et de Télécommunications/Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
[2]Laboratoire d’Électronique et des Technologies de l’Information, CEA, LETI Grenoble, France

Due to the increasing demand for hydrogen gas sensors for applications such as automation, transportation, or environmental monitoring, the need for sensitive and reliable sensors with a short response time is increasing. This paper presents an empirical model that studies the sensitivity of acoustic hydrogen gas sensors. A parametric study based on the variation of physical properties of ...

Modeling and Simulation of MR Dampers Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

Y. M. Khedkar[1], S. B. Joshi[2], P. M. Pawar[1], B. P. Ronge[1]
[1]SVERI's College of Engineering, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India
[2]Brahmdevdada Mane Polytechnic, Solapur, Maharashtra, India

Classical hydraulic dampers are flexible devices that are used to attach a component to a mounting base. Vibration amplitude reduction can be achieved by improving the old technique of suspension by bringing in application of Magnetorheological or Electrorheological fluid in it. Due to the controllable characteristics of the material used in the classical hydraulic damper, the design and ...

Acoustic-Structure Interaction Modeling of Piezoelectric Transducer in Fluid Medium

V.M. Acosta[1], E. Riera[1], G. Rodriguez[1], A. Pinto[1], A. Cardoni[2], J.A. Gallego-Juárez[1]
[1]Power Ultrasonics Group, CSIC, Serrano, Madrid, Spain
[2]Pusonics, Arganda del Rey, Madrid, Spain

This work describes the design methodology and development of piezoelectric transducers for applications in fluids with COMSOL_Multiphysics. In these linear models for the acoustic-structure interaction approximate numerical solutions have been obtained. In order to perform the calculations, simplifications are only valid for low-power sound waves. Numerical modeling of piezoelectric transducers ...

A Study of Seismic Robot Actuation Using COMSOL Multiphysics

S.L. Firebaugh, E.A. Leckie, J.A. Piepmeier, and J.A. Burkhardt
United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA

Microrobotics has promising applications in microsurgery and microassembly. A challenge in these systems is interfacing with the robot. This project explores crawling robots that are powered and controlled through a global mechanical vibration field. By controlling the frequencies present in the vibration field, the user can then steer the robot. The “robot” has a rectangular body with ...

Calibration of Ultrasonic Testing for Faults Detection in Stone Masonry

M. Usai[1], S. Carcangiu[1], G. Concu[2]
[1]Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
[2]Department of Civil Engineering, Environmental and Architecture, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy

In the field of assessment methodologies, particular importance is given to Non-Destructive Testing Techniques, which aspire to achieve the highest number of information about materials and structures without altering their condition. Ultrasonic Testing exploits the transmission and reflection characteristics of mechanical waves with appropriate frequencies passing through the investigated item. ...

Two- and Three-Dimensional Holey Phononic Crystals with Unit Cells of Resonators

Y.F. Wang[1][2], Y.S. Wang[1], L. Wang[2]
[1]Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Østfold University College, Halden, Norway

We show in this paper that by careful design of the geometry of the resonators, complete bandgap with relatively low center frequency can be obtained for 2D and 3D Phononic Crystals with resonators. The generation of the bandgap is due to the local resonance of the unit cell. Spring-mass and spring-pendulum models are developed to predict the boundaries of the complete bandgap. The predicted ...

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