K. Koppenhoefer, S.Yushanov, and M.H. McKenna
AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, Ohio, USA
U.S. Army Engineering Research and Development Center
Aging infrastructure requires frequent inspections to assess their structural integrity. However, the large amount of existing infrastructure, and the distance between these structures present significant challenges to inspectors. Acoustics-based technologies represent a simple, and relatively inexpensive, technique to monitor the integrity of a structure. To develop these techniques, designers ...
J. Soons[1,2], C. Steele, S. Puria
Lab of Biomedical physics, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, USA
Sound vibrations are collected from the external environment by the eardrum and are guided to the basilar membrane in the cochlea. Pressure differences in the two scalae of the cochlea result in a traveling wave on the basilar membrane. The tiny displacements are detected by the deflection of thousands of hair cells, situated along this membrane. It is hypothesized that some 3/4 of these hair ...
SRM University & BITS Pilani University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Vibration analysis of perforated plates is extremely important when designing structures where resonance is the possible mode of failure. This paper deals with the vibration analysis of rectangular perforated plates with three different types of perforations. Vibration analysis is to be carried out by both COMSOL Multiphysics® Software and Experimental set-up. The applications of perforated ...
Mads Jakob Herring Jensen
Dr., Widex A/S, Denmark
In modern hearing aids, the performance of directional microphone systems is dependent on both the acoustics around thehearing aid and on the specific signal processing algorithms. The sound pressure at the microphone inlets depends on microphone location in the hearing-aid shell, the inlet shape, and on the placement of the hearing aid on the head of the user. In the present work, the ...
Beam Structure As an Acoustic Wave Sensor: A Study of the Effect of Sensor Design on Its Sensitivity to Noise
F. Akasheh, A. Biddle, W.S. Shepard Jr., and B.B.B. Zhang
Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, USA
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
The detection and identification of the location of a sound source is commonly done using arrays of microphones. A recent new alternative approach has been proposed which involves the use of continuous structures, such as beams or plates, as acoustic wave sensors. The sound wave impinging on the surface of the structure causes it to vibrate and the measured surface displacements can then be used ...
S. Floody, R. Venegas, and F. Leighton
Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Artes, Departamento de Música y Sonología, Licenciatura en Sonido, Santiago, Chile
University of Salford, Acoustics Research Centre, Salford, UK
Universidad Tecnológica de Chile Inacap, Sede Pérez Rosales, Santiago, Chile
The present article presents a method to redistribute the acoustic modes of a rectangular enclosure in the low frequency range using slit resonators. The objective of the present work is to compare different strategies of optimal design in order to determine the dimensions of the resonators. The method of the finite elements will be used to model the acoustic physical behavior of the room. In ...
M. Quinn, D. Whitlow, O.D.S. Taylor, M.H. McKenna
 Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA
Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...
Y.F. Wang, Y.S. Wang, L. Wang
Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Østfold University College, Halden, Norway
We show in this paper that by careful design of the geometry of the resonators, complete bandgap with relatively low center frequency can be obtained for 2D and 3D Phononic Crystals with resonators. The generation of the bandgap is due to the local resonance of the unit cell. Spring-mass and spring-pendulum models are developed to predict the boundaries of the complete bandgap. The predicted ...
R. Venegas, and O. Umnova
Acoustics Research Centre, University of Salford, Salford, United Kingdom
Granular materials have been conventionally used for acoustic treatment due to their sound absorptive and sound insulating characteristics. An emerging field is the study of acoustical properties of multi-scale porous materials. An example of these is a double-porosity granular material in which the grains are porous themselves. In this work, a computational methodology for modelling this type ...
S. Hooshmand Zadeh
GE-Healthcare, Uppsala, Sweden
The approach of this project is Modeling a Coriolis Mass Flow-meter (CMF) bases on a Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) device. The "Coriolis mass flow-meter sensor" is modeled using COMSOL Multiphisics® simulation, the Acoustic-Shell Interaction physics interface and coupled by FSI physics interface to drive and simulate the sensor. The modeling and simulation are provided into two different ...