Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

An Investigation of Loudspeaker Simulation Efficiency and Accuracy Using i) A Conventional Model, ii) The Near-To-Far-Field Transformation and iii) The Rayleigh Integral

R. Christensen[1], U. Skov[1]
[1] iCapture ApS, Roskilde, Denmark

Simulation on loudspeaker drivers require a conventional fully coupled vibro-acoustic model to capture all effect. An accurate vibroacoustic model can be time-consuming to solve, especially in 3D. In practical applications, this results in poor efficiency concerning the decision-making process to move on to the next simulation model. To overcome this the loudspeaker designer can use either the ...

Numerical Simulation of Phonon Dispersion Relations for Phononic Crystals

G. Zhu[1], E.M. Dede[1]
[1]Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

In previous work, a two-dimensional (2D) model was carried out to simulate the phononic band structure of a phononic crystal with square lattice structure, but this model did not account for the out-of-plane phonon dispersions [1]. In fact, for 2D films used for coating materials, it is more interesting to understand their cross-plane properties. In this work, the phonon dispersion relation of 2D ...

Dynamic Characterization and Mechanical Simulation of Cantilevers for Electromechanical Vibration Energy Harvesting

N. Alcheick[1], H. Nesser[1], H. Debeda[1], C. Ayela[1], I. Dufour [1]
[1]Univ. Bordeaux, IMS Lab, Pessac, France

Energy harvesting from ambient vibrations has become an interesting topic for powering wireless sensor networks. Resonant microdevices based on MEMS have become of central importance at low frequency. The power produced at resonance is at least one order of magnitude larger than off frequency power since the largest strain is obtained at resonance. In order to obtain large strain for efficient ...

Development of a Reactive Silencer for Turbo Compressors

J. Smeulers[1], N. Gonzalez Diez[1]
[1]TNO, Delft, The Netherlands

Turbo compressors can generate high frequency tonal noise, causing nuisance in the environment. As the noise is radiated from the piping, a silencer is installed between the compressor and the pipe system. Commonly an absorption silencer is applied, which is a vessel that contains acoustic absorption material. Due to high flow velocities and vibrations the absorption material may be blown out of ...

Investigation on Sensor Fault Effects of Piezoelectric Transducers on Wave Propagation and Impedance Measurements

I. Buethe[1], C.-P. Fritzen[1]
[1]University of Siegen, Institute of Mechanics and Control Engineering-Mechatronics, Siegen, Germany

For active Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), one popular sensor type is the piezoelectric wafer active sensor (PWAS) due to its multi-purpose application as actuator and sensor and its low cost. It is used to generate a wave field, which interacts with the structure and is recorded by a second set of PWASs. This method is called acousto ultrasonics. The change in wave field from transducer ...

A Study into the Acoustic and Vibrational Effects of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic as a Sole Manufacturing Material for Acoustic Guitars

J. O'Donnell[1], G. McRobbie[1]
[1]University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, Scotland, United Kingdom

This study will research a modern design of acoustic guitar by analysis of the vibrational modes. The guitar that will undergo testing has been provided by Emerald Guitars and is solely constructed using Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP). With the use of COMSOL Multiphysics© the soundboard of the guitar will be simulated and analysis will be carried out to determine the first 10 ...

Modeling Scattering from Rough Poroelastic Surfaces Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Bonomo[1], M. Isakson[1]
[1]Applied Research Laboratories, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to address the problem of acoustic scattering from one-dimensional rough poroelastic surfaces. The poroelastic sediment is modeled following the Biot-Stoll formulation. The rough surfaces are generated using a modified power law spectrum. Both monostatic and bistatic scattering strengths are calculated. These results are compared with more conventional scattering ...

Modeling and Simulation of Piezoelectric Materials for Comparison to Experimental Data

E. Nesvijski[1,2], R. Sahul[2]
[1]Western New England College, Springfield, MA, USA
[2]TRS Technologies, State College, PA, USA

Finite element analysis (FEA) is a modern tool for exploration of new horizons in science, technology and engineering. Different computer software such as ANSYS, ABACUS, PZFLEX and COMSOL Multiphysics® based on FEA are used for modeling and simulation of acoustic phenomena, for design of new and optimization and improvement of existing acoustic engineering systems. This work presents application ...

3-D Finite Element Modeling of a Nanostructure Enhanced SAW Sensor

Y.L. Rao[1], and G. Zhang[1-3]
[1] Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, The University of Georgia
[2] Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, The University of Georgia
[3] Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia

Integration of surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices with nanostructures has gained interest in the development of sensors with high sensitivity. To better design nanostructure integrated SAW devices, it is essential to model three dimensional (3-D) SAW devices and analyze the wave propagation characteristics in nanostructure-enhanced SAW devices. In this work, a 3-D finite element model of ...

Modeling of Pinna Related Transfer Functions (PRTF) Using the Finite Element Method (FEM)

M. Joshi[1], N. Gupta[1], L. Hmurcik[1]
[1]University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT, USA

Pinna Related Transfer Functions (PRTFs) are signal processing models that represent the modifications undergone by the acoustic signal as it interacts with the listener’s pinna (outer ear). PRTFs are used to generate binaural sounds, especially those coming from an elevation. The complex shape of the pinna causes reflections, diffractions and resonances that give rise to a unique PRTF for each ...

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