Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Modeling of the Electrochemical Behaviour of Metallic Alloys based upon Experimental Measurements at the Macro- and Microscale

H. Krawiec1, V. Vignal2, and R. Akid3
1AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
2ICB, UMR 5209 CNRS, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France
3Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK

Micro capillary-based techniques allow the interrogation of single metallurgical sites and are therefore becoming increasingly popular for the investigation of the electrochemical behavior of metallic phases and non-metallic heterogeneities in alloys. This study was carried out to assess the differences between current measurements made using a 'closed' micro-capillary system (the electrochemical ...

Simulation of the Shape of Micro Geometries Generated with Jet Electrochemical Machining

M. Hackert[1], G. Meichsner[2], and A. Schubert[1,2]
[1]Micromanufacturing Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute of Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

Electrochemical Machining with a closed electrolytic free jet is a special procedure to generate complex micro structures by help of anodic dissolution. The work piece shape is fabricated by supplying an electrolytic current through an electrolyte jet ejected from a small nozzle. In this study COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate the electric current density in the jet and the dissolution ...

Design of Electrochemical Machining Processes by Multiphysics Simulation

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, S. F. Jahn, and A. Schubert
Chemnitz University of Technology
Chemnitz, Germany

The principle of electrochemical machining (ECM) is the anodic dissolution of a metallic workpiece at the interface to a liquid ionic conductor under the influence of electric charge transport. This erosion principle works independently from the mechanical hardness of the workpiece and is free of mechanical forces. The design of electrochemical machining processes is still performed ...

Modeling of HTPEM Fuel Cell Start-Up Process by Using COMSOL Multiphysics

Y. Wang[1], D. Uwe Sauer[1]
[1]Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...

Kinetic Investigation of a Mechanism for Generating Microstructures on Polycrystalline Substrates Using an Electroplating Process

T. Soares[1], H. Mozaffari[2], H. Reinecke[1]
[1]Universität Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, BW, Germany
[2]Hochschule Furtwangen, Tuttlingen, BW, Germany

The purpose of this study is to understand the growth mechanism of copper (Cu) films on a Cu-Zn system substrate with a pre-defined pattern. The pattern was defined by conducting a selective etching process on a two-phase polycrystalline substrate. As a result of this process, there were etched regions correspondent to beta-phase crystals and quasi non-etched regions that belong to alpha-phase ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Circular-Planar Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

K. Daneshvar[1], A. Fantino[1], C. Cristiani[1], G. Dotelli[1], R. Pelosato[1], M. Santarelli[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “G. Natta”, Milano, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Torino, Dipartimento di Energetica, Torino, Italy

A 2D isothermal axisymmetric model of an anode-supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) has been developed. Also a parametric analysis to find the effect of important parameters on the cell performance has been done. This simulation has been carried out at 1 atm and 1073 K. The PEN materials are traditional ones: Ni-YSZ/YSZ/LSM-YSZ as anode, electrolyte and cathode respectively.The developed model ...

Creating Business Opportunities using Mathematical Modeling

E. M. Fontes
Catella Generics AB

Computational mathematical modeling has allowed scientists and engineers to perform better, faster, and more economical virtual experiments. Through mathematical modeling, an application expert can simulate performance characteristics during different operating conditions and thereby accelerate the pace of understanding new electrochemical system in relation to specific application ...

COMSOL Multiphysics and the Fuel Cell

J.J. Hwang
National University of Tainan

This presentation considers multiphysics modeling of Fuel Cells. The presentation introduces the fundamentals of Fuel Cells, the need for computer aided modeling of them, different difficulties and hindrances one encounters when modeling Fuel Cells, and methods to overcome these difficulties when modeling them. A good understanding and thorough discussion on different types of Fuel Cells ...

Convective Movements in an Electrolyser

B. Morel1, P. Namy2, C. Belhomme1, and I. Crassous3
1Comurhex, Pierrelatte, France
2SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
3LI2C, Paris, France

Modeling electrolysers is a challenge because of the strong coupling between electrical, thermal and CFD equations. Indeed the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte varies with the temperature, which in turn depends on the heat dissipated by the Joule effect and anode over-voltage.In the present study, the fluid velocity values are computed near the electrodes using a diphasic level set ...

Sequential Simulation in COMSOL using Differential Equations to Perform Digital Switching

L. Lam, and R. Darling
University of Washington
Seattle, WA

Many physical systems contain sequential modes of operation. The sequence is one-way and switching between modes is dependent upon specific internal parameters of the system itself. While COMSOL provides the flexibility to perform time-domain simulation and time-based modifications of boundary conditions, simulating sequential systems based upon internal physical variables in COMSOL can be a ...

Quick Search