Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Sequential Simulation in COMSOL using Differential Equations to Perform Digital Switching

L. Lam, and R. Darling
University of Washington
Seattle, WA

Many physical systems contain sequential modes of operation. The sequence is one-way and switching between modes is dependent upon specific internal parameters of the system itself. While COMSOL provides the flexibility to perform time-domain simulation and time-based modifications of boundary conditions, simulating sequential systems based upon internal physical variables in COMSOL can be a ...

Modeling of Lead-acid Flow Battery

M. N. Nandanwar[1], S. K. Gupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

Failure of conventional lead-acid battery is attributed to degradation of solid active mass (PbO2 and PbSO4 ). A number of research efforts are underway worldwide to overcome degradation of active mass to improve the cycle life of lead-acid batteries. Soluble lead-acid flow battery (SLFB) is a new kind of lead-acid flow battery in which products of discharge remain in dissolved state. SLFB ...

A Model for Panar Self-breathing Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells in FEMLAB

Ziegler, C., Tranitz, M., Schumacher, J.O.
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany

A mathematical model of planar self-breathing fuel cells is developed and validated. The geometry of the model is a two-dimensional symmetric element of a planar self-breathing fuel cell. The multicomponent transport of the species is considered as well as the couplings between the transport processes of heat, charge, and mass, and the electrochemical reactions. The cell model is validated ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a General Platform for the Simulation of Complex Electrochemical Systems

A. Lavacchi[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy

Microelectrodes demonstrate that modeling is crucial for understanding the behavior of complex electrochemical systems. The use of the finite element methods in electrochemistry may be of much more general interest for its ability to handle complex geometries. In this context a software such as COMSOL Multiphysics® allows a straightforward way to the set up models including coupling of ...

Simulating Performance and Species Crossover in a Vanadium Redox Flow Battery using COMSOL Multiphysics

E. Agar, K. Knehr, C. Dennison, and E. Kumbur
Electrochemical Energy Systems Lab.
Dept. of Mechanical Eng. and Mechanics
Drexel University
Philadelphia, PA

Vanadium redox flow batteries (VRBs) are a promising new energy storage technology designed for use in long term applications such as uninterruptible power supply and coupling with renewable energy sources (i.e. wind and solar). Crossover is the undesired transport of vanadium ions through the ion exchange membrane during operation and is a major factor limiting the overall efficiency and ...

An Agglomerate Model for the Rationalisation of MCFC Cathode Degradation

B. Bozzini[1], S. Maci[1], I. Sgura[2], R. Lo Presti[3], and E. Simonetti[3]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[3]ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy

This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...

Modeling of the Transport Phenomena in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes

A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden

Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...

Creating Business Opportunities using Mathematical Modeling

E. M. Fontes
Catella Generics AB

Computational mathematical modeling has allowed scientists and engineers to perform better, faster, and more economical virtual experiments. Through mathematical modeling, an application expert can simulate performance characteristics during different operating conditions and thereby accelerate the pace of understanding new electrochemical system in relation to specific application ...

Modeling of Next Generation Energy Systems by Using COMSOL: Fuel Cell, High Power Lithium Ion Battery, and Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell

Jake Kim
Samsung SDI CAE Team

In this presentation we present methods for modeling alternative energy sources such as Fuel Cells and Solar Cells. The presentation also considers aspects of the modern world and what impact the high consuming of energy sources will have on tomorrow's society. This presentation is written in Korean. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography: Jake Kim received ...

Numerical Modeling of the Electrochemical Behaviour of Metallic Alloys based upon Experimental Measurements at the Macro- and Microscale

H. Krawiec1, V. Vignal2, and R. Akid3
1AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
2ICB, UMR 5209 CNRS, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France
3Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK

Micro capillary-based techniques allow the interrogation of single metallurgical sites and are therefore becoming increasingly popular for the investigation of the electrochemical behavior of metallic phases and non-metallic heterogeneities in alloys. This study was carried out to assess the differences between current measurements made using a 'closed' micro-capillary system (the electrochemical ...

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