Optimization of the H2O2 - NaBH4 Regenerative Fuel Cell for Space Power Applications using FEMLAB Modeling
Miley, G.H., Luo, N., Mather, J., Byrd, E., Hawkins, G., Gu, L., Nayak, A., Burton, R., Shrestha, P.J.
Departments of NPRE, Aerospace Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL
FEMLAB is being employed to study and optimize a unique new type of fuel cell (FC) that uses H2O2 in a low temperature PEM type FC directly at the cathode. Experiments with a series of small 5-W units are being analyzed using FEMLAB 3.1 with the Chemical Engineering and Electromagnetics modules. Once benchmarked, the FEMLAB model will be used in design studies for the scaled up 500W and kW cells ...
C. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Parikh, and J.H. Yang
Department of Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are miniature implantable power sources, which use enzymes as catalysts to perform redox reaction with biological fuels such as glucose. In this study, we focused on a three dimensional EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays, fabricated by carbon-micro-electro-mechanical-system (C-MEMS) techniques. Glucose oxidase (GOx) is immobilized on anodes for the ...
M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, S. F. Jahn, and A. Schubert
Chemnitz University of Technology
The principle of electrochemical machining (ECM) is the anodic dissolution of a metallic workpiece at the interface to a liquid ionic conductor under the influence of electric charge transport. This erosion principle works independently from the mechanical hardness of the workpiece and is free of mechanical forces. The design of electrochemical machining processes is still performed ...
M. Freda, A. Giannetti, L. Lattanzi, S. Luperi
Centro Sviluppo Materiali, Rome, Italy
The electrochemical pickling of steel has two main purposes: 1) To remove thermal oxide; 2) To dissolve chromium-depleted layer, to reinstate the corrosion-resistant properties of the stainless steel; A reliable, flexible and robust 3D model has been made for simulating the steel electrochemical pickling. This process is modeled as a multiphysics system for the current control. The model ...
R. Purkayastha, R. McMeeking
Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Due to computational considerations most models of lithium storage particles in batteries incorporate spherical particles. However most storage particles used in battery electrodes tend to be irregular in shape with sharp edges and extended aspect ratios. The change of the relative surface area to the volume of the particle can lead to a change in the stress response of the particle for the same ...
Ziegler, C., Tranitz, M., Schumacher, J.O.
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany
A mathematical model of planar self-breathing fuel cells is developed and validated. The geometry of the model is a two-dimensional symmetric element of a planar self-breathing fuel cell. The multicomponent transport of the species is considered as well as the couplings between the transport processes of heat, charge, and mass, and the electrochemical reactions. The cell model is validated ...
E. Holzbecher, J. Fuhrmann, R. Halseid, and R.J. Behm
 WIAS, Numerische Analysis, Berlin
 Universität Ulm, Ulm
Two designs for thin layer flow cells were set up at University of Ulm, Germany, in order to identify parameters describing the kinetics of methanol-oxydation – reactions, to be utilized in fuel cells. Computer models for two designs were constructed using COMSOL Multiphysics. Results from the numerical simulations were used to evaluate the different flow cell designs. The aim to ...
E. Amores, J. Rodriguez Ruiz, C. Merino Rodríguez, and P. García Escribano
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno
The production of hydrogen from renewable energy surplus is seen as a key strategy for energy storage. Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno works actively in this direction by considering a strategic line in order to achieve a sustainable energy future. Alkaline electrolysis is the main industrial way of obtaining hydrogen by electrolysis. However, commercial alkaline electrolyzers are designed for ...
L. Lam, and R. Darling
University of Washington
Many physical systems contain sequential modes of operation. The sequence is one-way and switching between modes is dependent upon specific internal parameters of the system itself. While COMSOL provides the flexibility to perform time-domain simulation and time-based modifications of boundary conditions, simulating sequential systems based upon internal physical variables in COMSOL can be a ...
R. Pushpangadan, A. Soman, Arundas R., N. G. Thoppan, S. P. Duttagupta
Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
College of Engineering, Munnar, Kerala, India
PEM fuel cells are very promising for portable applications. A key component of fuel cell is the flow field plate through which hydrogen will reach the anode, oxygen will reach the cathode and electron collection. Flow field plate made of silicon is not a good electrical conductor , so electrical contacts has to be attached to the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) for taking the power to outside ...