E. Firat, G. Bandlamudi, M. Crisogianni, P. Beckhaus, A. Heinzel
Centre for Fuel Cell Technology (ZBT), Duisburg,NRW, Germany
Heat management is crucial for the satisfactory operation of HT-PEM (High temperature polymer-electrolyte-membrane) fuel cells. Current work investigates the use of heat pipes in a HT PEMFC stack consisting of 24 cells, each with an active area of 300 cm^2. Heat pipes are known to be thermal superconductors operating on the principles of high convective heat transfer and phase transition. ...
C. K. Subramaniam, Muthuraja
School of Electronics Engineering, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
The Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) working is dependent on the concentration of methanol in water before it is introduced in the anode. DMFC has a high energy density when generating electrical power from fuel, and is an attractive power source for portable devices. A fundamental limitation in DMFC technology is methanol crossover. In this process methanol diffuses from the anode through the ...
F. Tariq, V. Yufit, M. Marinescu, G. Cui, M. Kishimoto, N. Brandon
Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) and Li-ion batteries (LIB) are electrochemical devices where performance is dependent on reactions inside porous electrode microstructures. Here we use tomographic techniques to probe 3D electrode structures (anodes and cathodes) at micro-nanometer length scales. Subsequently, micro/nano structural changes in electrodes are characterized and quantified. Utilizing ...
Serincan, M.F, Yesilyurt, S
Mechatronics Program, Sabanci University
¤Understanding of PEMFC’s dynamics and integration with other components ¤Identification of the failure modes ¤Optimal control of the PEMFC ¤Efficiency ¤Lifetime ¤Response time
X. Yang, and G. Zhang[1-3]
 Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, The University of Georgia
 Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, The University of Georgia
 Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia
Affinity-based sensing often relies on the blockage for electron transfer at an electrode surface due to complimentary binding. Such blockage will reduce the electron transfer rate (ETR) in an electrochemical detection method such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) or cyclic voltammogram (CV). To improve the sensitivity of the CV method, we studied the CV performance of ...
B. Morel1, P. Namy2, C. Belhomme1, and I. Crassous3
1Comurhex, Pierrelatte, France
2SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
3LI2C, Paris, France
Modeling electrolysers is a challenge because of the strong coupling between electrical, thermal and CFD equations. Indeed the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte varies with the temperature, which in turn depends on the heat dissipated by the Joule effect and anode over-voltage.In the present study, the fluid velocity values are computed near the electrodes using a diphasic level set ...
C. Trenado, D. Strauss[1,2], and M. Wittmar
Computational Diagnostics & Biocybernetics Unit, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg, Germany
Leibniz-Institute for New Materials, Saarbrücken, Germany
Progress in coating technology has allowed for the development of free-chromate corrosion inhibitors, which are able to smartly migrate when required. In order to support the coating design, we propose a hybrid mathematical model to study the inhibitor's release by taking into account the thermodynamics and kinetics involved in the corrosion process. The proposed model is ...
A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...
M. Hackert-Oschätzchen, S. F. Jahn, and A. Schubert
Chemnitz University of Technology
The principle of electrochemical machining (ECM) is the anodic dissolution of a metallic workpiece at the interface to a liquid ionic conductor under the influence of electric charge transport. This erosion principle works independently from the mechanical hardness of the workpiece and is free of mechanical forces. The design of electrochemical machining processes is still performed ...
F. A. Daniels, D. J. L. Brett, A. R. Kucernak, and C. Attingre
University College London, London, UK
Imperial College London, London, UK
Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have significant potential as a source of clean, efficient energy production. This study presents a three-dimensional, non-isothermal, fully-coupled model of a PEM fuel cell with printed circuit board current collectors. The effect of the current collector design on transport phenomena and consequent cell performance is investigated. The model ...