Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Comparative Study of the Basic Flow Field Designs for High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells - new

A. Lele[1], N. Lodha[1], R. Srivastava[1], A. Pandey[2], A. Paul[3]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[3]CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India

A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) comprises a membrane-electrode assembly sandwiched between two conducting ‘monopolar’ plates having engraved gas flow channels, also called the flow field. The purpose of the flow field is to provide sufficient residence time for the gases to undergo reactions at the two electrodes, effect a homogeneous distribution of reactant gases over the given ...

Mathematical Modeling of Direct Borohydride Fuel Cells and its Experimental Validation

A. K. R. Paul[1], K. S. Gandhi[2], and A. K. Shukla[3]
[1] Central Electrochemical Research Institute – Madras Unit, CSIR Complex, Taramani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India
[3] Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India

  Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs) use sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as fuel and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidant. A mathematical model encompassing mass balance of ionic species in different regions of the DBFC is developed. Both the oxidation of sodium borohydride and reduction of hydrogen peroxide are assumed to obey Tafel kinetics. This is combined with boundary conditions ...

Improving the Sensoring of PEM Fuel Cell by Numerical Techniques - new

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], E. F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...

Simulating the Influence of the Nozzle Diameter on the Shape of Micro Geometries Generated with Jet Electrochemical Machining

A. Schubert[1][2], M. Hackert[1], and G. Meichsner[2]

[1]Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany

Jet Electrochemical Machining (Jet-ECM) is an unconventional procedure for micromachining. Based on localized anodic dissolution three-dimensional geometries and microstructured surfaces can be manufactured using Jet-ECM. COMSOL Multiphysics is used at Chemnitz UT to simulate the electric current density in the jet and the dissolution process. A mesh displacement dependent on the normal current ...

Steady-state simulation of mono-valent ion distributions within a nanofluidic channel

W. Booth[1], J. Schiffbauer[1], J. Fernandez[2], K. Kelley[3], A. Timperman[3], and B. Edwards[1]

[1]Physics Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Chemical Engineering Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[3]Chemistry Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

The steady-state non-equilibrium distributions of two species of mono-valent ions around a charged nanofluidic channel have been examined. Large reservoirs were placed on either side of the nanoscale channel to simulate bulk concentration of ions in a fluid. Results from COMSOL Multiphysics simulations show that the effect of the potential bias across the nanochannel yields a significant ...

Optimizing Electrode Surface Area by COMSOL Multiphysics®

B K SRIHARI[1], Dr K Nagarajan[1], Dr B Prabhakar Reddy[1], P VENKATESH[1]
[1]Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

In the design of electrorefiner, Working electrode and Counter electrode surface areas are very important. The main aim of this study is to understand the effect of the ratio of Anode to cathode Surface areas in an electrorefining cell. Application of this model to design electrorefiner for metallic spent nuclear fuel is discussed with respect to Uranium recovery. Shaping of real anode surface ...

Three-Dimensional Percolation Properties Simulation of a Marine Coating Based on Its Real Structure Obtained from Ptychographic X-Ray Tomography - new

B. Chen[1], M. Guizar-Sicairos[2], G. Xiong[1], L. Shemilt[1], A. Diaz[2], J. Nutter[1], N. Burdet[1], S. Huo[1], F. Vergeer[3], A. Burgess[4], I. Robinson[1]
[1]London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, London, UK
[2]Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
[3]AkzoNobel Co. Ltd., Sassenheim, Netherlands
[4]AkzoNobel (UK) Co. Ltd., Tyne and Wear, UK

We present quantitative nano-scale analysis of the 3D spatial structure of an anticorrosive aluminium epoxy barrier marine coating obtained by ptychographic X-ray computed tomography (PXCT) [1-3]. We then use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform simulations on the acquired real 3D structure to demonstrate how percolation through this actual 3D structure impedes ion diffusion in the ...

Thermal Battery Cell Modeling in a Spirally-Wound Geometry - new

G.Liebig[1], L. Komsiyska[1], P. Bise[1], H. Seeba[1], P. Bohn[2], S. Vasic [1]
[1]NEXT ENERGY, Oldenburg, Niedersachsen, Germany
[2]AUDI AG, Ingolstadt, Bayern, Germany

The characterization of Li-ion batteries is a relevant topic due to the recent developments in Electric Vehicles (EV’s) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV’s) applications. In order to manage these devices, accurate models are required. At NEXT ENERGY a two dimensional cell-level thermal model was created based on the discharge characteristics of a cylindrical 18650 secondary Li-ion battery ...

3D Model for the Dynamic Simulation of SOFC Cathodes

A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Karlsruhe, Germany

A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...

Clean Energy Technologies: Growing Need for Multiphysics Modeling

Iouri Balachov
Senior Scientist,
SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA

Iouri Balachov is a Senior Scientist at SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) where he is leading development of Direct Carbon Fuel Cell technology for clean and efficient power generation from coal, biomass, and a wide variety of carbon containing fuels. Prior to SRI he was an engineer at Westinghouse nuclear (Pittsburgh, PA), researcher at Penn State University (State College, PA), and researcher ...