A. Aman, R. Gentile, Y. Xu, N. Orlovskaya
Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...
F. Tariq, V. Yufit, M. Marinescu, G. Cui, M. Kishimoto, N. Brandon
Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) and Li-ion batteries (LIB) are electrochemical devices where performance is dependent on reactions inside porous electrode microstructures. Here we use tomographic techniques to probe 3D electrode structures (anodes and cathodes) at micro-nanometer length scales. Subsequently, micro/nano structural changes in electrodes are characterized and quantified. Utilizing ...
Evaluation of Performance of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells with Microelectrode Arrays Inside a Blood Artery via Finite Element Approach
C. Wang, Y. Song
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are considered as a promising candidate for powering miniature implantable devices. In order to predict the performance in the human blood artery, we simulated a 3D EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays. In this simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®, we applied the 1) Michaelis Menten equation; 2) Nernst potential equation; 3) Navier Strokes velocity, ...
Computational Multiphysics to Optimize Humidification Chamber for a Novel PEM Fuel Cell Power System Used in Automobile Application - new
Tata Motors, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells are quickly becoming an attractive technology due to their ability to meet increasing energy demands in a cleaner, more efficient way compared to existing methods. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device which converts the chemical energy of a fuel and an oxidant directly into electricity without the intermediate step of classical, chemical combustion ...
R. Coker, J. Mansell
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
We have started constructing preliminary design COMSOL models of a bacteriologically driven \'fuel cell\' that is intended to process waste products, such as carbon dioxide and brine, from a crewed vehicle. At this early stage, this complex system is reduced to two electrodes separated by a membrane. The electrolyte is a brine appropriate for growing methanogenic bateria, though none are ...
I. Sgura, F. Zarcone, and B. Bozzini
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Brindisi Fuel Cell Durability Laboratory, Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale, Università del Salento, Brindisi, Italy
Corrosion and contact ohmic resistance of the stainless steel current collectors in molten carbonates is one of the greatest obstacles to widespread application of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC). We simulate the variation of material parameters values, accounting for the impact of corrosion of the metallic current collectors on the performance of the porous cathode. Furthermore, we couple a ...
S. Qidwai, N. Kota, V. DeGiorgi
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA
Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing of ...