M. N. Nandanwar, S. K. Gupta
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
Failure of conventional lead-acid battery is attributed to degradation of solid active mass (PbO2 and PbSO4 ). A number of research efforts are underway worldwide to overcome degradation of active mass to improve the cycle life of lead-acid batteries. Soluble lead-acid flow battery (SLFB) is a new kind of lead-acid flow battery in which products of discharge remain in dissolved state. SLFB ...
Malki, B., Baroux, B.
LTPCM/INPG Grenoble, France
Modelling of pit chemistry in applied polarization mode is carried out using finite element method techniques (FEM). The results lead to the formulation of critical conditions for pit stabilization in terms of pit geometry and applied potential. More detailed computing is performed to compare the stability behaviour of both ferritic AISI 430 and austenitic AISI 304 stainless steels. The ...
E. Amores, J. Rodriguez Ruiz, C. Merino Rodríguez, and P. García Escribano
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno
The production of hydrogen from renewable energy surplus is seen as a key strategy for energy storage. Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno works actively in this direction by considering a strategic line in order to achieve a sustainable energy future. Alkaline electrolysis is the main industrial way of obtaining hydrogen by electrolysis. However, commercial alkaline electrolyzers are designed for ...
M. Hackert, G. Meichsner, and A. Schubert
Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Jet Electrochemical Machining (Jet-ECM) is an unconventional procedure using localized anodic dissolution for micromachining. An increasing of the electrolyte temperature will lead to an increase of the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte by about 30% and to a reduction of the dynamic viscosity of the electrolyte by about 25 %. Both will improve the process. Therefore a Jet-ECM tool system ...
A. Aman, R. Gentile, Y. Xu, N. Orlovskaya
Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...
I. Sgura, F. Zarcone, and B. Bozzini
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Brindisi Fuel Cell Durability Laboratory, Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale, Università del Salento, Brindisi, Italy
Corrosion and contact ohmic resistance of the stainless steel current collectors in molten carbonates is one of the greatest obstacles to widespread application of molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC). We simulate the variation of material parameters values, accounting for the impact of corrosion of the metallic current collectors on the performance of the porous cathode. Furthermore, we couple a ...
R. Coker, J. Mansell
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
We have started constructing preliminary design COMSOL models of a bacteriologically driven \'fuel cell\' that is intended to process waste products, such as carbon dioxide and brine, from a crewed vehicle. At this early stage, this complex system is reduced to two electrodes separated by a membrane. The electrolyte is a brine appropriate for growing methanogenic bateria, though none are ...
S. Qidwai, N. Kota, V. DeGiorgi
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA
Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC, USA
Pitting corrosion is a complex phenomenon where rates of: i) chemical reactions, ii) diffusion of various species involve in those reactions, and iii) species dissolution at the metal-electrolyte interface are fully dependent on each other, except under special conditions or assumptions. One set of such conditions is that: a) there are no species concentration gradients due to the rapid mixing of ...
M. J. Hampe, S. Lang, H. Löhn, and T. Zeeden
Technische Universität Darmstadt
Fachgebiet Thermische Verfahrenstechnik
PEM fuel cells based on Polybenzimidazole doped with phosphoric acid show many benefits in comparison to conventional perfluorinated sulfocationic membrane materials, but they suffer from a degradation partially caused by the loss of electrolyte. The first step to tackle this degradation problem is to understand the electrolyte management in high temperature PEMFCs. COMSOL 4.1 was used to ...
M. Mutke, and H.-D. Wiemhöfer
Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry
University of Muenster
In this contribution, ionic mass and charge transport in Li-battery electrolytes is modeled. In particular, incomplete dissociation of the Li-salt, which is a common feature of many commercial electrolytes and which has so far been neglected in most electrolyte models, is considered. For electrolytes in cells under various charging/discharging conditions, the development of local concentration ...