Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Influence of a Conductive Implant on Current Density Distribution Inside the Human Body

B. Valic1,2,3, P. Gajsek2, and D. Miklavcic3
1E-NET Okolje, Ljubljana, Slovenia
2Institute of non-Ionizing Radiation, Ljubljana, Slovenia
3Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Using the images from VHDS, a finite element model of the human body with an intramedular nail in the femur was prepared.The model was exposed to a low frequency (50 Hz) electromagnetic field with the intensity of ICNIRP reference levels for the general populace. To evaluate the influence of the implant on the current density distribution, two models were used: with the implant and without it. ...

A Mean Field Approach to Many-particles Effects in Dielectrophoresis

O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...

Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations

M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill[1], C. Felix[3], R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]

[1]Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[3]Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...

An Elastic and Hyperelastic Material Model of Joint Cartilage - Calculation of the Pressure Dependent Modulus of Elasticity by Comparison with Experiments and Simulations

T. Reuter, and M. Hoffmann
fzmb GmbH
Research Centre of Medical Technology and Biotechnology
Bad Langensalza, Germany

In this paper we introduce a elastic and hyperelastic model to describe the biomechanics of joint cartilage. As biomechanical property we calculated the pressure dependent E-modulus E = f(s) to describe the dependence of the biomechanical properties on pressure. The calculation based on the comparison and the iterative approach of the force-way-functions between the experiments and ...

Design of Microneedle Array for Biomedicine

N. Mane[1], A. Gaikwad[1]
[1]Department of Instrumentation, Cummins College of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Micro electro-mechanical system (MEMS) is rapidly growing area of interest for a broad spectrum of applications. One particularly fast-growing area is biomedical applications for micromaching technologies. One application of interest to the biomedical industry is the development of microneedles. MEMS technology brings new means for biomedicine field. Patch-based transdermal drug delivery offers ...

Image-Based Simulation of Electrical Impedance Techniques Applied on the Human Thorax for Cardio-Pulmonary Applications

F.K. Hermans[1], R.M. Heethaar[1], R.T. Cotton[2], and A. Harkara[2]

[1]VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
[2]Simpleware Ltd., Exeter, United Kingdom

For medical diagnostic purposes there is an increasing need for non- (or minimal) invasive techniques to measure all kinds of parameters that can provide insight in the functioning of cells, organs or organ systems. Currently, Impedance Cardiography (ICG) is used for measurements of the heart and Electric Impedance Tomography (EIT) is used for investigating lung tissue condition. This paper ...

Assessment of Hemodynamic Conditions in a-v Fistulas using CFD

A. K. Niemann1,5, S. A. Kock1, J. V. Nygaard2, E-T. Fründ3, S. E. Petersen4, and J. M. Hasenkam5
1 MR-center, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Aarhus, Denmark
2Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center, Faculty of Science, University of Aarhus, Skejby, Denmark
3Dept. of Radiology, Aarhus University Hospital, "Aalborg Sygehus Syd", Aalborg, Denmark
4Dept. of Urology, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Aarhus, Denmark
5Dept. of Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, and Clinical Institute, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Aarhus, Denmark

Using Computational Fluid Dynamics, different geometries of side-to-side a-v fistulas for hemodialysis access are evaluated. We created five CAD-models of fistulas with the length of the anastomosis varying from 5 to 15 mm. The five models were analyzed and evaluated using the k-ε turbulence application mode in COMSOL Multiphysics to determine if an optimal length of anastomosis exists. ...

Modelling Nutrient Transport in a Hollow-Fiber Membrane Bioreactor with Considerating the sub-Cellular Scale Mass Transfer

N. S. Abdullah1, D. B. Das2, and D. R. Jones1
1Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
2Department of Chemical Engineering, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK

Current bone tissue engineering protocols allow ex vivo growth of soft bone tissues in bioreactors. Recent experimental studies suggest that hollow fiber membrane bioreactors (HFMBs) may be used for growing 3-dimensional, clinically viable bone tissues. In order to facilitate the design of the HFMB for growing bone tissues, it is necessary to elucidate the quantitative relationships between cell ...

A Highly Effective Cellular Manipulation and Sorting Platform

A. Kose, B. Fischer, and H. Koser
Electrical Engineering Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

Ferrofluids are stable colloidal suspensions of nanosize magnetic particles in an organic or aqueous medium. Suspending nonmagnetic particles within a ferrofluid has led to numerous new areas of study. The simultaneous action of magnetic and hydrodynamic forces is responsible for the complex behavior of nonmagnetic particles within ferrofluids. As a result of nonzero fluid magnetization, a ...

Optimal PDE Control Using COMSOL Multiphysics

I. Neitzel[1], U. Prüfert[2], and T. Slawig[3]

[1]Technische Universität Berlin / SPP 1253
[2]Technische Universität Berlin / Matheon
[3]Excellence Cluster The Future Ocean, Algorithmic Optimal Control - Oceanic CO2-Uptake/SPP 1253

An optimal control problem (OCP) is studied to a PDE of elliptic type as well as state constraints. The resulting optimality system contains two PDEs, one algebraic equation and the so called complementary slackness conditions, i.e. dual products between function spaces. At this point, different regularization techniques come into use. In this paper we introduce a Barrier method as one possible ...

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