Modelling the Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer during Fires in Stored Biomass, Coal and Recycling Deposits
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.2, Berlin, Germany
It is known that in big storages of bulk materials the danger of the self-ignition is relevant (long time storages). The Consequences of uncontrolled fires include considerable CO2 emission and economical and human losses to mention a few. The understanding of this phenomena is therefore of great importance.A numerical model can be of great help in understanding such complex phenomena. In this ...
A.K. Dwivedi, R.M. Patrikar, R.B. Deshmukh, and G. Pendharkar
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Testing and verification is very important to increase reliability of a system. In water analysis its purity is verified using different test methods. Biosensors are very useful to detect the microorganisms present in water. This paper presents a method to detect E.coli bacteria in water depending upon the capacitance modulation in the presence and absence of E.coli cell, which is simulated in ...
Multiphysics Modeling of Cellular Arrays Using Periodic Minimal Surfaces – A Drug and Gene Delivery Application
J.I. Rey, A.J. Llewellyn, R.J. Connolly, J.P. Jimenez, A.M. Hoff, and R.A. Gilbert
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
Minimal surfaces are found in nature from crystalline structures to biological nano and micro structures such as biomembranes, and osseous formations in sea urchin. An application to electrically mediated drug and gene delivery is presented. Periodic level surfaces which approximate minimal surfaces are used to generate a geometric representation of tissue. A method to create such structures ...
A. Eed Olamat, U. Hofmann, B. Pohl, and N. Nkemasong
University of Lübeck, Institute for Signal Processing, Lübeck, Germany
In order to investigate the implantation of microprobes into brain tissue, we developed a finite-element and a physical model to replace real biological tissue for mechanical testing. Penetrating forces of a tungsten indenter into a layered structure was investigated with different indentation speeds. Numerical and physical model are in good correspondence to each other and reproduce measured ...
H.H. Chen-Mayer, and R. Tosh
Ionizing Radiation Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Water calorimetry is employed to establish a primary reference standard for radiation dosimetry by measuring the temperature rises in a water phantom (a cube of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm) subjected to a beam of ionizing radiation. We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model the system using the Heat Transfer module and the Incompressible Navier-Stokes module with a geometry of 2D-axial ...
A. Candeo and F. Dughiero
Department Electrical Engineering, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) represents a valid alternative for treating liver metastases in medically complicated patients. Conventional devices currently operate at 500 kHz, due to good conducting properties of tissues. However, the use of lower frequencies (i.e. 20 kHz) has been recently reported to enhance the treatment effectiveness, due to a more pronounced difference in electrical ...
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
We are developing approximations of electrically anisotropic materials for use in novel imaging methods. Our modeling work in COMSOL comprises comparisons of anisotropic and layered models in terms of electrical conductivities measured using different strategies. We tested solution stability in one anisotropic case by varying mesh anisotropy. In our case, good approximations to the true ...
A. Jeremic, and A. Atalla
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
In this paper, we develop a mathematical model to simulate the movement of bacteria into and within a capillary segment. Also, we model the transportation through capillary walls by means of anisotropic diffusivity that depends on the pressure difference across the capillary walls. By solving the model using COMSOL, it was possible to predict the concentration of bacteria at points within the ...
Numerical Simulation of Magnetic Drug Targeting with Flow – Structural Interaction in an Arterial Branching Region of Interest
A. Morega, A. Dobre, and M. Morega
University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
We report a numerical study on the blood – magnetic carrier aggregate flow in an external magnetic field, for applications such as magnetic drug targeting. The arterial system morphology is complex and patient-related therefore more realistic numerical simulations request medical image-based reconstruction to generate computational domains. Simpleware package is used to generate the ...
M. Gardemin, M. Lüpke, V. Cordes, and C. Staszyk
Institute for General Radiology and Medical Physics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
Institute of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
Like humans, horses can develop a variety of dental problems. Different equine diseases occur in different areas of the equine cheek tooth or its surrounding tissues. With a realistic simulation of a chewing cycle it can be possible to link mechanical phenomena such as high stress in distinct areas to commonly occurring diseases. According to different angles of the acting chewing force, ...