Q.A. Chaudhry, M. Hanke, and R. Morgenstern
School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
The mathematical modeling of the diffusion and reaction of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is tough task due to their very complex geometry. The heterogeneity of the cell, particularly the cytoplasm, and the variation of the cellular architecture, greatly affects the behavior of these toxic compounds. Homogenization techniques have been implemented for the numerical treatment of the model. ...
R. Said, R. Cotton, P. Young, A. Datta, M. Elwassif , and M. Bikson
 Simpleware Ltd, Exeter, Devon, UK
 Department of Biomedical Eng., The City College of New York, New York, NY, USA
This paper will discuss the comprehensive solution adopted for converting the 3D digital/medical images directly into the computational model. The workflow using Simpleware Software – ScanIP and + ScanFE – will be illustrated including the option for directly exporting fully compatible models to COMSOL Multiphysics. The extra functionality that allows introduction, positioning and ...
P. Lezuo, M. Stoddart, and M. Alini
AO Research Institute, Davos, Grison, Switzerland
We aim to develop an in vitro culture system to mimic the human bone marrow stem cell niche in an artificial perfusion bioreactor environment to culture human adult stem cells. State of the art human bone marrow stem cell research shows that even smallest changes in the physical, thermo dynamical or biochemical environment induce a differentiation of human bone marrow stem cells into other cell ...
B. Boulbène, J. Morchain, and P. Schmitz
Université de Toulouse, NSA, UPS, INP, LISBP, Toulouse, France
We present numerical results involving microorganisms adhering to a plane surface submitted to a shear flow. The purpose is to have a better understanding of the removal mechanisms occurring during the cleaning in place of food processing equipments. The biological cell, i.e. the microorganism, is modelled as a rigid obstacle embedded in the bottom wall of the fluid domain. Shear induced ...
M.S. Yeoman, A. Cizinauskas, C. Lowry, G. Vincent, S. Collins, D. Simpson
Continuum Blue, Tredomen, Ystrad Mynach, United Kingdom
Corin Group, Cirencester, United Kingdom
Imoprhics, Manchester, United Kingdom
Bone resorption around hip stems, in particular periprosthetic bone loss, is a common observation post-operatively. A number of factors influence the amount of bone loss over time and the mechanical environment following total hip replacement (THR) is important. Conventional long stem prostheses have been shown to transfer loads distally, resulting in bone loss of the proximal femur. More ...
S. Ali, and M. McShane
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Texas A&M University-College Station, Texas, USA
With the rising predominance of diabetes, successful management of blood glucose levels is increasingly important. Key efforts have focused on the development of optical microscale glucose sensing systems based on the encapsulation of glucose oxidase within microspheres coated with polyelectrolyte multilayer nanofilms. A two-substrate mathematical model of microscale optical glucose sensors in ...
Hemodynamic Therapy of Middle Cerebral Artery Vasospasm Guided by a Multiphase Model of Oxygen Transport
S. Conrad[1,2], P. Chittiboina, and B. Guthikonda
Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Cerebral vasospasm is a complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage and other neurosurgical emergencies that reduce blood flow to the brain. Part of the approach to management of vasospasm is to improve flow through the stenotic areas by reducing by decreasing blood viscosity and enhancing flow through the stenosis. To examine the interaction of these factors, we applied computational fluid dynamics ...
Y. Huang, and A. Mason
Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
This paper describes the modeling of an electrochemical biosensor embedded in a microfluidic channel to determine the concentration of a target biomolecule. The total amount of analyte in the sample can be calculated by integrating the analyte concentration over the duration of the peak current. The biosensor is constructed by immobilizing redox-enzyme on an interdigitated array (IDA) electrode ...
Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations
M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill, C. Felix, R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]
Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...
Y. Song, and C. Wang
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are miniature, implantable power sources, which use enzymes as catalysts to perform redox reaction with biological fuels such as glucose. In this study using COMSOL Multiphysics, we use an EBFC chip, having three dimensional, highly dense micro-electrode arrays, fabricated by C-MEMS micro-fabrication techniques. Glucose oxidase (GOx) is immobilized on anodes for ...