Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Growth and Remodelling of Intracranial Saccular Aneurysms

A. Di Carlo[1], V. Sansalone[2], A. Tatone[3], and V. Varano[1]
[1]Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]Laboratoire de Mécanique Physique, Université Paris Est, Paris, France
[3]DISAT, Università degli Studi dell’Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy

We present a mechanical model a growing spherical shell suitable for predicting the evolution of a Saccular Cerebral Artery Aneurysms (SCAA). It relies basically on the Kröner-Lee decomposition, used to describe the interplay between the current and the relaxed configuration of body elements. Rupture or stabilization of a SCAA are the end effect of a number of biological mechanisms, still poorly ...

Fresh Produce Safety During Hydrocooling: An Engineering Model

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Hydrocooling is the process by which warm produce is chilled with water. The chilling of warm produce generates a negative pressure differential between the produce (warm) and (cold) water due to the condensation of water vapor inside the produce which forms a vacuum and can pull in contaminated water through an opening. A porous media based model of water infiltration was developed using a ...

A Method for Efficient Calculation of Diffusion and Reactions of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry

Kristian Dreij[1], Qasim Ali Chaudhry[2], Bengt Jernström[1], Ralf Morgenstern[1], and Michael Hanke[2]
[1]Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

A general description of effects of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is facing several problems. Firstly, most toxic compounds are hydrophobic and partition phenomena strongly influence their behaviour. Secondly, cells display considerable heterogeneity regarding the presence, activity and distribution of enzymes participating in the metabolism of foreign compounds i.e. ...

Finite Element Modeling of Vasoreactivity Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Parikh[1], A. Kapela[1], N. Tsoukias[1]
[1]Biomedical Engineering Department, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Localized calcium events in the endothelial cells (EC) can modulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) calcium (Ca2+) and membrane potential dynamics through release of endothelium derived hyperpolarizing and relaxing factors. Ca2+ levels in the smooth muscle cell (SMC) determine its contractile state.The underlying complex mechanism regulating the SMC Ca2+ levels and ultimately vessel tone remains poorly ...

Multiscale Model of Human Pathogen Growth on Fresh Produce

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...

Analysis of 3D Biocompatible Additive Structure Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

E. Lacatus[1], M. A. Sopronyi[2], G. C. Alecu[1], A. Tudor[1]
[1]Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
[2]INFLPR -National Institute for Laser Plasma and Radiation Physics, Bucharest, Romania

For biocompatible prosthetics, from dental implants up to bone parts, manufacturers have to find the best way to correlate process parameters and the material properties as to meet the unique needs of individuals. Additive manufacturing techniques aim at creating complex biocompatible structures able to overcome the present shortfalls of the metal and metal alloys implants related to ...

Simulation and Experimental Analysis of Drug Release Rates from Magnetic Nanocomposite Spheres

L. Saeeednia[1], H. Mehraein[2], F. Abedin[1], K. Cluff[2], R. Asmatulu[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Targeted drug delivery systems have been wildly studied in cancer therapy due to the toxicity of most of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nanoparticles can be attached to the small molecules of the drugs and serve as drug carriers to deliver the drug molecules into the area of interest. In this research, polymeric microspheres containing biodegradable poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), magnetic ...

Microwave Exposure System for In Vitro and In Vivo Studies

C. Nadovich[1, 2], W. D. Jemison[2], J. A. Stoute[3], C. Spadafora[4]
[1]Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA
[2]Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA
[3]Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA
[4]INDICASAT AIP, Ciudad del Saber, Panama

A computer controlled microwave exposure system and specialized applicators were constructed for the purpose of facilitating accurate observations of microwave radiation effects on uninfected and infected biological tissue in vitro and in vivo under different electromagnetic modalities and exposure configuration. To address diverse requirements, three different applicators were developed: a ...

Stochastic Diffusion of Calcium Ions Through a Nanopore in the Cell Membrane Created by Electroporation

O. Henao[1], V. Gómez[1], I. De La Pava[1], J. Sánchez [1]
[1]Grupo Fisiología Celular y Aplicada, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia

We simulated the diffusion of calcium ions through a nanopore created in the cell membrane by electroporation, in presence and absence of the external electric field responsible of the membrane permeabilization. First we solved the set of coupled differential equations that describe the process of ionic diffusion in a 2D nanopore model using the AC/DC Module and the Transport of Diluted Species ...

Modeling of Hydrogel-Based Controlled Drug Delivery System for Breast Cancer Treatment

K. Cluff[1], L. Saeednia[2], H. Mehraein [1], R. Asmatulu[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Polymeric hydrogel is a promising class of drug delivery systems with the controlled release behavior in the body. In-situ forming hydrogels can be injected into the body as a fluid which forms a gel within the body tissue and improve the efficacy of the drugs. Various polymers have been used as in-situ hydrogel formulations. These polymeric formulations can form gels at body temperature while ...

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