S. Denys, S. Verbruggen, S. Lenaerts
Sustainable Energy and Air Purification, Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Introduction Among the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from air, photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) is considered a very promising technology [1,2]. PCO can achieve mineralization of harmful VOCs to CO2 and H2O using only UV light . A main challenge is to find appropriate kinetic models and parameters that accurately describe the rate of ...
Humboldt Universität Berlin, IGB, Berlin, GERMANY
In vielen Berechnungen des Umweltschutzes, der chemischen Verfahrenstechnik, der Energietechnik und weiteren Bereichen von Wissenschaft und Technik, spielen Transport- und Reaktionsprozesse gleichermaßen eine Rolle. Aufgrund der Wechselwirkung zwischen Transport und Reaktion ist das Verständnis derartiger Systeme schwierig. In der Regel werden daher Modelle eingesetzt, um derartige Situationen ...
Finite Element Analysis of Induced Electroosmotic Flow in Brain Tissue and Application to ex vivo Determination of Enzyme Activity
Y. Ou, A. Rupert, M. Sandberg, S. Weber
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Ectopeptidases are commonly accepted to be a means of clearing active peptides. However, studies have shown that they can also regulate peptide activity. We have developed a technique of electrokinetic push-pull perfusion (Ek-PPP, Figure 1) to examine this largely unexplored mechanism of modulation of peptide function. We push the neuropeptide galanin through organotypic hippocampal slice ...
An Innovative Reactive Transport Modeling Approach for the Chemical Evolution of a HLW Cell in the Callovo-Oxfordian Formation
J. Molinero, D. García, M. Grivé, A. Nardi
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Andra (The French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency) envisages the safe disposal of High-Level Waste (HLW) and Intermediate-Level Long-Lived Waste (IL-LLW) in deep geological storage using a multi-barrier system. To ensure the containment of radioactivity, the principle of storage is based on a clay formation with low permeability, homogeneity and continuity (i.e Callovo-Oxfordian ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta
Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...
Bruno, D., Cammarata, G., Petrone, G.
Università degli Studi di Catania, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e Meccanica, Catania, Italia
The present paper concerns a numerical three-dimensional simulation of the thermo-dynamical behaviour of a flameless combustion reactor. Flameless combustion process is characterized by a gradual oxidation of the reaction agents in the totality of the combustor control volume. This item is assured by the dilution in high temperature inert gases (usually re-circulated exhaust gases) of the ...
Longuet, B.1, Gillard, P.1, 2
1 Laboratoire Energétique Explosions et Structures – Université d’Orléans, Bourges Cedex
2 Etablissement Technique de BourgeS, Rocade Est – Echangeur de Guerry, Bourges Cedex
An energetic material, subjected to an abnormal thermal environment, can undergo cookoff involving a variety of thermal, chemical and mechanical processes. The ability to predict not only the time to cookoff reaction but also the site and the degree of reaction violence that will occur in an ammunition is the principal goal in the current cookoff modelling efforts. Considering our knowledge of ...
Y. Li, T.C. Lieuwen, J. Zhou, H. Cao
Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, China
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA
One can hardly get the exact analytic solution of a full time-dependent convection-diffusion equation, for describing the dynamics of a non-premixed flamelet. The analytic solution of the linearized form with such a model was studied by MATLAB®. And also, a numerical computation was made with the linearization model in COMSOL Multiphysics® software, to provide a perfect accordance with the ...
Quantitative assessment of the difference in free standard energy of reaction between two enantiomers of a chiral molecule and a chiral surface using a convection-diffusion model coupled to surface reactions
Bieri, M., Bürgi, T.
Université de Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Chiral surfaces and interfaces have received considerable interest in recent years due to their importance in separationand sensing of enantiomers, their application in heterogeneous enantioselective catalysis and their possibly decisive role for the origin of biochemical homochirality. In the present work, the interaction of proline with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of L-glutathione was ...
Computations on the coupled heat and mass transfer during fires in bulk materials, coal deposits and waste dumps
Krause, U., Schmidt, M., Lohrer, C.
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Division II.2 “Reactive Substances and systems”, Berlin, Germany
In porous combustible matter low-rate oxidation takes place at ambient conditions. In large stockpiles of bulk goods, coal heaps, waste dumps etc. it may occur that the heat released by the oxidation reaction is not fully transmitted to the surroundings but raises the temperature within the deposit. This triggers a positive feed-back loop since the oxidation rate increases with temperature. The ...