Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Kinetic Parameters for Gas Phase Photocatalysis: Analytic Versus CFD Approach

S. Denys[1], S. Verbruggen[1], S. Lenaerts[1]
[1]Sustainable Energy and Air Purification, Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

Introduction Among the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from air, photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) is considered a very promising technology [1,2]. PCO can achieve mineralization of harmful VOCs to CO2 and H2O using only UV light [3]. A main challenge is to find appropriate kinetic models and parameters that accurately describe the rate of ...

Zur Kopplung zwischen Transport und chemischen Speziationsrechnungen mit FEMLAB®

Holzbecher, E.
Humboldt Universität Berlin, IGB, Berlin, GERMANY

In vielen Berechnungen des Umweltschutzes, der chemischen Verfahrenstechnik, der Energietechnik und weiteren Bereichen von Wissenschaft und Technik, spielen Transport- und Reaktionsprozesse gleichermaßen eine Rolle. Aufgrund der Wechselwirkung zwischen Transport und Reaktion ist das Verständnis derartiger Systeme schwierig. In der Regel werden daher Modelle eingesetzt, um derartige Situationen ...

Finite Element Analysis of Induced Electroosmotic Flow in Brain Tissue and Application to ex vivo Determination of Enzyme Activity

Y. Ou[1], A. Rupert[1], M. Sandberg[2], S. Weber[1]
[1]University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
[2]University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Ectopeptidases are commonly accepted to be a means of clearing active peptides. However, studies have shown that they can also regulate peptide activity. We have developed a technique of electrokinetic push-pull perfusion (Ek-PPP, Figure 1) to examine this largely unexplored mechanism of modulation of peptide function. We push the neuropeptide galanin through organotypic hippocampal slice ...

An Innovative Reactive Transport Modeling Approach for the Chemical Evolution of a HLW Cell in the Callovo-Oxfordian Formation

J. Molinero[1], D. García[1], M. Grivé[1], A. Nardi[1]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

Andra (The French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency) envisages the safe disposal of High-Level Waste (HLW) and Intermediate-Level Long-Lived Waste (IL-LLW) in deep geological storage using a multi-barrier system. To ensure the containment of radioactivity, the principle of storage is based on a clay formation with low permeability, homogeneity and continuity (i.e Callovo-Oxfordian ...

Multiscale Model of Human Pathogen Growth on Fresh Produce

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...

Thermal characterization of heat exchanges in an industrial flameless reactor

Bruno, D., Cammarata, G., Petrone, G.
Università degli Studi di Catania, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e Meccanica, Catania, Italia

The present paper concerns a numerical three-dimensional simulation of the thermo-dynamical behaviour of a flameless combustion reactor. Flameless combustion process is characterized by a gradual oxidation of the reaction agents in the totality of the combustor control volume. This item is assured by the dilution in high temperature inert gases (usually re-circulated exhaust gases) of the ...

Phenomena of transient thermal transfers coupled with chemical reactions in an energetic material

Longuet, B.1, Gillard, P.1, 2
1 Laboratoire Energétique Explosions et Structures – Université d’Orléans, Bourges Cedex
2 Etablissement Technique de BourgeS, Rocade Est – Echangeur de Guerry, Bourges Cedex

An energetic material, subjected to an abnormal thermal environment, can undergo cookoff involving a variety of thermal, chemical and mechanical processes. The ability to predict not only the time to cookoff reaction but also the site and the degree of reaction violence that will occur in an ammunition is the principal goal in the current cookoff modelling efforts. Considering our knowledge of ...

FEM Analysis of Flamelet Wrinkling in a Diffusion Flame

Y. Li[1], T.C. Lieuwen[2], J. Zhou[1], H. Cao[1]
[1]Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, China
[2]Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

One can hardly get the exact analytic solution of a full time-dependent convection-diffusion equation, for describing the dynamics of a non-premixed flamelet. The analytic solution of the linearized form with such a model was studied by MATLAB®. And also, a numerical computation was made with the linearization model in COMSOL Multiphysics® software, to provide a perfect accordance with the ...

Quantitative assessment of the difference in free standard energy of reaction between two enantiomers of a chiral molecule and a chiral surface using a convection-diffusion model coupled to surface reactions

Bieri, M., Bürgi, T.
Université de Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland

Chiral surfaces and interfaces have received considerable interest in recent years due to their importance in separationand sensing of enantiomers, their application in heterogeneous enantioselective catalysis and their possibly decisive role for the origin of biochemical homochirality. In the present work, the interaction of proline with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of L-glutathione was ...

Computations on the coupled heat and mass transfer during fires in bulk materials, coal deposits and waste dumps

Krause, U., Schmidt, M., Lohrer, C.
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Division II.2 “Reactive Substances and systems”, Berlin, Germany

In porous combustible matter low-rate oxidation takes place at ambient conditions. In large stockpiles of bulk goods, coal heaps, waste dumps etc. it may occur that the heat released by the oxidation reaction is not fully transmitted to the surroundings but raises the temperature within the deposit. This triggers a positive feed-back loop since the oxidation rate increases with temperature. The ...

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