F. Sawo and T. Bernard
Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Karlsruhe, Germany
This paper addresses the modeling of a complex glass forming process as an example of a complex, nonlinear distributed parameter system. The system is modeled by a fluid dynamics approach, which means that the forming is regarded as a fluid with free surfaces. Here, the coupling of the forming process with the heat flow is considered. The influence of crucial model parameters (e.g., dynamic ...
S.A. Lottes, and R.W. Lyczkowski
Argonne National Laboratory
The main focus of this paper is the modeling, simulation, and analysis of the CaBr2 hydrolysis reactor stage in the Calcium-Bromine thermochemical water splitting cycle for nuclear hydrogen production. One concept is to use a spray reactor of CaBr2 into steam. Given the large heat reservoir contained in a pool of liquid CaBr2 that allows bubbles to rise easily, using a bubble column for the ...
S. Vaccaro, G. Ferrazzano, and P. Ciambelli
Università di Salerno
Mathematical modelling of a catalytic plate reactor for methane steam reforming with COMSOL Multiphysics was carried out. The model reactor includes three channels where methane combustion occurs on the plates bordering the inner side of the outermost channels, whereas methane steam reforming takes place on the plates bordering the central channel.
G. Carrieri, M. V. De Bonis, and G. Ruocco
CFDfood - DITEC, Università degli studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy
Heat related processing can have various effects on food and food ingredients. Besides the intended effects to improve safety and quality of the products, undesired changes, nutritional or toxicological, can also occur. In this area, acrylamide formation occupies an important role, as this molecule has been considered as a potential cause of cancer. The possibility that this molecule may be ...
W. H. A. Peelen1, R. B. Polder1, E. Redaelli2, and L. Bertolini
1TNO Built Environment and Geosciences, Delft, Netherlands
2Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
Current passage is used in repair techniques for concrete structures suffering from corrosion, like Cathodic Protection (CP).A mathematical description of ion transport in concrete due to current passage, including the heterogeneous equilibrium involving solid Ca(OH)2 determining the acidity/alkalinity was developed and implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics.From the first modeling results a ...
Controlled Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition for a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Oxidant Source with a Microreactor Model
E. Lennon1, A. Burke2, and R. Besser1
1CBME Department, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ, USA
2Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA
A microchannel reactor for hydrogen peroxide decomposition is being developed for integration with fuel cell systems that can power undersea vehicles. However, the catalytic decomposition of H2O2 is predisposed to thermal runaway.A micro-scale packed bed reactor (MPBR), theoretically capable of inhibiting thermal runaway, is under development in COMSOL to illustrate thermal management and oxygen ...
A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate
D. Statler, and R. Gupta
Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...
J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA
Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...
S. Mackintosh, J. Rodgers, S.P. Blythe
Lifescan Scotland, Inverness, Scotland
This paper describes the modeling of a blood glucose sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics. Chemical species interaction and diffusion, coupled with electrochemical oxidation of multiple blood species produced a powerful working model used in developing and refining a range of blood glucose sensors for the commercial market.
F. Zonfrilli, V. Guida, L. Scelsi
Procter & Gamble Italia, Pomezia, Roma, Italy
Powder detergents containing sodium percarbonate and bleach activators undergo chemical decomposition when exposed to high relative humidity. Controlling the moisture intake in finished product packs is therefore a fundamental need in order to guarantee product stability during the whole supply chain. In this paper we show how we have leveraged COMSOL Multiphysics capability in order to model the ...