Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Circulating Nuclear Fuels with COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Cammi, V. Di Marcello, and L. Luzzi
Politecnico di Milano, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Milan, Italy

This paper presents multiphysics modeling of a circulating nuclear fuel in a simple geometry by means of COMSOL Multiphysics.Among the Circulating Fuel Reactors (CFR), the most promising is the Molten Salt Reactor (MSR). Physics of such circulating nuclear fuel requires five coupled equations of conservation laws: the momentum balance, the energy balance, the neutron balance and the precursors ...

Reactive Transport and Convective Mixing During CO2 Migration in a Saline Aquifer

E. Abarca[1], A. Nardi[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. A configuration of denser CO2-enriched brine overlying lighter water leads to convective flow and the formation of gravity fingers of ...

Mass Transfer from a Single Spherical Bubble with the Presence of Chemical Reaction - the Effect of Interface Contamination at Low Reynolds Number

A. Dani, A. Cockx, and P. Guiraud
Ingénierie des Systèmes Biologiques et des Procédés, CNRS, INRA, INSA, Toulouse, France

The objective of this work is to compute the mass transfer with chemical reaction (first order reaction) from a single spherical bubble at a low Reynolds number by Direct Numerical Simulation. Firstly, the contamination of the bubble's surface by the surfactants is considered, since this can reduce the slip velocity at the interface. The stagnant cap model is used to represent these phenomena and ...

Singlet Oxygen Modeling for PDT Incorporating Local Vascular Oxygen Diffusion

T. C. Zhu[1], B. Liu[1]
[1]University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent that kills cells during photodynamic therapy (PDT). Based on a previously-developed model, the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 can be numerically calculated using finite-element method. We improved the model to include microscopic kinetic equations of oxygen diffusion from uniformly distributed blood vessels to the adjacent tissue. The blood vessel ...

Transport Phenomena and Shrinkage Modeling During Convective Drying of Vegetables

S. Curcio[1] and M. Aversa[1]
[1]Department of Engineering Modeling, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy

The aim of the present work is the formulation of a theoretical model describing the transport phenomena involved in food drying process. The attention has been focused on the simultaneous transfer of momentum, heat and mass occurring in a convective drier where hot dry air flows, in turbulent conditions, around the food sample. The proposed model does not rely on the specification of interfacial ...

CO2 Storage Trapping Mechanisms Quantification

A. Nardi[1], E. Abarca[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. In general, four trapping mechanisms are expected, which are of increasing importance through time: (1) structural, (2) residual ...

Oxidation of Titanium Particles during Cold Gas Dynamic Spraying

A. Malachowska[1], L. Pawlowski [1], A. Ambroziak [2], M. Winnicki [2], P. Sokolowski[2]
[1]University of Limoges, Limoges, France
[2]Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland

This paper studies oxide forming on titanium, during cold gas dynamic spraying with air. This is a quite new spraying method, which can be used to spray material having high affinity for oxygen. The model allows for the diffusion of oxygen through the oxide layer, reaction on the oxide-titanium interface and expansion of oxide, due to difference in molar density. It was implemented in COMSOL ...

Effects of Flow and Diffusion on Blood Coagulation in Platelet Poor Plasma: a Two-way Coupling Between Hemodynamics and Biochemistry

D. Magnabosco[1,2], H. van Ooijen[2], B. Bakker[2], R. van den Ham[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
[2]Philips Research, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Enzyme reactions, blood flow and diffusion in human vasculature play interacting and fundamental roles in blood coagulation. In this complex mechanism, the balance between blood and clot is a delicate equilibrium, whose tight regulation is vital to avoid pathologies such as bleeding and thrombosis. The secondary hemostasis triggered by tissue factor in platelet poor plasma is studied up to fibrin ...

Simulation of Reactive Transport in Porous Media: A Benchmark for a COMSOL-PHREEQC-Interface

D. Müller[1], H. Francke[1], G. Blöcher[1], H. Shao[2]
[1]Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany
[2]Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung UFZ, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany

The reactive transport simulation interface COMSOL-PHREEQC, developed by Wissmeier & Barry (2011), provides a MATLAB®-based coupling interface to combine COMSOL Multiphysics® for flow and heat transport simulations and PHREEQC as a geochemical batch reaction simulator. The functionality of the coupling tool is tested using the “calcite” example (Shao et al. 2010) as a benchmark. The results ...

Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®

T. Oyetunde[1], D. Ofiteru[1], J. Rodriguez[1]
[1]Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...

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