Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Catalytic Oxidation of Propane

S. Odiba[1], M. Olea[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]Teesside University, School of Science and Engineering, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

This research deals with the design of suitable microreactors for the catalytic oxidation of volatile organic compound (VOCs), using propane as a model molecule. The microreactor considered consists of eleven parallel channels, in which an Au/Cr/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed combustion reaction takes place. Each channel is 0.5 mm diameter and 100 mm long. The catalytic microreactor was simulated for ...

The Effect of Electrolyte Flow Slots in Tooling Electrodes on Workpiece Surface Finish in Electrochemical Machining

B. Bingham[1]
[1]Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA

Electrochemical machining (ECM) uses electrolysis to precisely remove material at high rates. ECM has many advantages over conventional machining: no tool wear, no induced mechanical or thermal stresses, high removal rates virtually independent of material hardness or strength, and excellent surface finishes. However, challenges can arise during the design of the tooling electrode when ...

Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

Diffusion Modeling in TGA in Context of CO2 Gasification of Char

G. Samdani[1], S. Mahajani[1], A. Ganesh[1], P. Aghalayam[2], R. K. Sapru[3], D. K. Mathur[3]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
[3]UCG Group, IRS, ONGC, Chankheda, Ahmadabad

The Thermo- Gravimetric Apparatus (TGA) is often used for kinetics determination. In TGA setup, gasification reaction may be limited by the reach (diffusion) of the gasification agent to the internal surfaces of the char particles. In addition to this, after some time, ash is formed between the bulk of the gas and the upper surface of char. The present modeling exercise is aimed at examining the ...

Adaptive Control of Simulated Moving Bed Plants Using Comsol’s Simulink Interface

M. Fütterer
Institut für Automatisierungstechnik, Otto-von-Guericke Universität, Magdeburg, Germany

Preparative chromatography is an important separation method where the simulated moving bed (SMB) technology is an increasingly used separation process for binary mixtures. Several chromatographic columns are arranged in a ring where the feedings and drains are changed cyclically to maintain a continuous separation. For this reason, an adaptive controller is proposed to adjust the flow rates ...

CFD Modeling and Analysis of a Planar Anode Supported Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - new

N. Lemcoff[1], M. Tweedie[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Enthone, West Haven, CT, USA

A planar anode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell operating on syngas fuel at 750°C was analyzed in this study. The effects of varying syngas fuel inlet compositions on species and temperature distributions, water gas shift reaction rate, potential for carbon formation and electrochemistry were considered. A 2-D COMSOL® model was developed which included separate defined ...

Modeling of Transport and Reaction in a Catalytic Bed Using a Catalyst Particle Model

F. Allain, and A.G. Dixon
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

A packed bed reactor consisting of spherical catalyst particles in a tube was simulated numerically. The steady-state pseudo-heterogeneous model consisted of a pseudo-continuum representation for the heat and mass transfer in the reactor tube. The reaction source terms were evaluated by explicitly solving a 1D spherical pellet model at each discretization point. The model implemented in COMSOL ...

Model of Heat and Mass Transfer with Moving Boundary During Roasting of Meat in Convection-Oven

A.H. Feyissa[1], J. Adler-Nissen[1], and K.V. Gernaey[2]
[1]Food Production Engineering, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

A 2D mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transfer describing oven roasting of meat was formulated from first principles. The current formulation of model equations incorporates the effect of shrinkage phenomena and water holding capacity. The model equations are based on conservation of mass and energy. The pressure driven transport of water in meat is expressed using Darcy’s equation. ...

Simulation of Methane Adsorption in ANG Storage System

P.K. Sahoo[1], K.G. Ayappa[1], M. John[2], B.L. Newalkar[2], and N.V. Choudary[2]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka
[2]Corporate R&D Centre, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Greater Noida, India

Recently adsorptive storage has been identified as the most promising low-pressure (3.5 - 4.0 MPa) alternative for storing natural gas for vehicular use. However in order to successfully implement this technology, the filling and discharge characteristics of the adsorbent bed must be well understood. Significant temperature changes that occur during adsorption and desorption retard the system ...

Turbulent Compressible Flow in a Slender Tube

K.O. Lund[1], C.M. Lord[2]
[1]Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
[2]Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA

Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...