C. Butcher, K. Yu
University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
The complex internal flow field of a hypersonic air-breathing propulsion engine was modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. This type of flow field can be found in a dual-mode scramjet engine. After creating the geometry, a 2D CFD simulation was run using the High Mach Number Flow physics interface in the CFD Module. A stationary time study was run and the results from the CFD simulation ...
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
In this paper a new method for turbulent combustion modeling is introduced in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The method is called Flamelet Generated Manifolds (FGM). The method is based on the concept of flamelets, elemental reaction layers in combustion. The only hypothesis is that the turbulent combustion takes place in the Thin Reaction Zones regime (TRZ). A regime that normally is the case in gas ...
Institut für Automatisierungstechnik, Otto-von-Guericke Universität, Magdeburg, Germany
Preparative chromatography is an important separation method where the simulated moving bed (SMB) technology is an increasingly used separation process for binary mixtures. Several chromatographic columns are arranged in a ring where the feedings and drains are changed cyclically to maintain a continuous separation. For this reason, an adaptive controller is proposed to adjust the flow rates ...
K. Cluff, L. Saeednia, H. Mehraein , R. Asmatulu
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Polymeric hydrogel is a promising class of drug delivery systems with the controlled release behavior in the body. In-situ forming hydrogels can be injected into the body as a fluid which forms a gel within the body tissue and improve the efficacy of the drugs. Various polymers have been used as in-situ hydrogel formulations. These polymeric formulations can form gels at body temperature while ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
S. Gunsekaran , R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India
Multiphysics Simulations of Physico-chemical and Biological Treatment of wastewater is increasing due to the demand for cost efficient plant design and utilization. Among the many processes, a thorough understanding of the settling behavior of an activated granular sludge in the secondary settler of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is critical for the plant designers to determine the efficiency ...
F.T. Wandschneider, M. Küttinger, P. Fischer, K. Pinkwart, J. Tübke, H. Nirschl
Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...
G. Salazar Duarte, B. Schürer, C. Voss, D. Bathen
Linde AG, Munich, Germany
Universität Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) and Temperature Swing Adsorption (TSA) are commonly used for separation/purification of gas mixtures in industrial processes. The cycle time of industrial TSA processes usually ranges from several hours to days. The reason for this long cycle time is the usage of purge gas for heating and cooling the system (direct heating), which limits the application of TSA ...
H. Zhu, T. Gulati, K. Huang, A.K. Datta
Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Mathematical description of microwave drying requires the solution of two different physics: electromagnetics in the microwave oven cavity and food material and, transport process (mass, momentum and heat transport) in the food material. Maxwell’s equations for electromagnetics were solved using the RF Module using the GMRES iterative solver with the GeometricMultigrid preconditioner. Mass, ...
S. Odiba, M. Olea, S. Hodgson, A. Adgar
Teesside University, School of Science and Engineering, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom
This research deals with the design of suitable microreactors for the catalytic oxidation of volatile organic compound (VOCs), using propane as a model molecule. The microreactor considered consists of eleven parallel channels, in which an Au/Cr/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed combustion reaction takes place. Each channel is 0.5 mm diameter and 100 mm long. The catalytic microreactor was simulated for ...