Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Multiphysics Simulations of Granular Sludge on the Optimization of Effluent Treatment Plant

S. Gunsekaran [1], R. C. Thiagarajan[1]
[1]ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India

Multiphysics Simulations of Physico-chemical and Biological Treatment of wastewater is increasing due to the demand for cost efficient plant design and utilization. Among the many processes, a thorough understanding of the settling behavior of an activated granular sludge in the secondary settler of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is critical for the plant designers to determine the efficiency ...

Numerical Simulation of Forced and Static Smoldering Combustion

S. Singer[1], W. H. Green[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...

Simulation of Gas/Liquid Membrane Contactor with COMSOL Multiphysics®

N. Ghasem[1], M. Al-Marzouqi[1], N. Abdul Rahim[1]
[1]UAE University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates

A comprehensive mathematical model that includes mass and heat transfer was developed for the transport of gas mixture of carbon dioxide and methane through hollow fiber membrane (HFM) contactor. COMSOL Multiphysics® was used in solving the set of partial, ordinary and algebraic equations. The model was based on "non-wetted mode" in which the gas mixture filled the membrane pores for ...

Developments in a Coupled Thermal-Hydraulic-Chemical-Geomechanical Model for Soil and Concrete

S.C. Seetharam[1], D. Jacques[1]
[1]Performance Assessments Unit, Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium

This paper documents current status in the development of a coupled thermal-hydraulic-chemical-geomechanical numerical suite within COMSOL-MATLAB environment to address soil and concrete applications. The mathematical formulations are based on well-established continuum scale models unifying mass conservation, energy conservation, charge conservation, thermodynamic equilibrium and kinetics and ...

Reactive Transport and Convective Mixing During CO2 Migration in a Saline Aquifer

E. Abarca[1], A. Nardi[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. A configuration of denser CO2-enriched brine overlying lighter water leads to convective flow and the formation of gravity fingers of ...

FEM Based Studies of a Mg/Al Hybrid Component Joint Regarding Corrosion Prediction

D. Höche[1]
[1]Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany

The model can be utilized for a virtual design of a hybrid joint interms of corrosion prevention. Structures can be optimized by the simulations by tailoring the parameters to get the most suitable result towards a Computer-Aided Engineering CAE regarding corrosion protection. This kind of computer based studies is a very useful method to accelerate developments in light weight structural design ...

Turbulent Premixed Combustion with FGM in COMSOL Multiphysics®

R. Bastiaans[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In this paper a new method for turbulent combustion modeling is introduced in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The method is called Flamelet Generated Manifolds (FGM). The method is based on the concept of flamelets, elemental reaction layers in combustion. The only hypothesis is that the turbulent combustion takes place in the Thin Reaction Zones regime (TRZ). A regime that normally is the case in gas ...

Modeling the Rheology of Liquid Detergents

Vincenzo Guida
R&D Process Design Principal Engineer, Procter & Gamble, Italy

Outline of presentation: Comsol is a very flexible platform, ideal to model rheology modification under flow Analogy with reactive flows allows modeling of both thixotropy and gelation with decent level of accuracy and predictability It is possible, to a certain extent, to use 1D rheology to extrapolate 3D behavior ---------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography:Vincenzo ...

Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Stirred Cell System for Crude Oil Fouling

M. Yang[1], A. Young[1], and B. Crittenden[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom

A small batch stirred cell which is operated at temperatures up to 400 °C and pressures up to 30 bar is used to study fouling behaviors of selected crude oils. COMSOL Multiphysics package is used for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and heat transfer modeling for this stirred cell system. The simulation results are validated against the measured temperature data at various axial ...

Modeling of an LTCC mixer/combustor

Espinoza Vallejos, P.A.1, Furlan, R.2, Sotero-Esteva, J.2, Perez Tolentino, M.2, Wagner Simoes, E.3, Santiago-Aviles, J.J.4
1 Technology Assessment and Transfer, Millersville, MD
2 University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, Humacao, PR
3 Laboratory of Integrated Systems of the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
4 University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

The high energy density of some fossil fuels makes them attractive to power portable devices through the use of thermoelectric conversion elements. The idea explored here is the fabrication of a ceramic combustor using Low Temperature Co-Fired Ceramics tapes. We would like to optimize through simulations the pre-mixing of the fuel (Hydrogen gas) and oxidizer (Oxygen from Air), and the ...

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