IFP, Lyon, Vernaison, France
In a search of concepts for innovative reactors allowing CO2 capture in gas turbine, monolith based chemical looping combustion has been identified as a promising concept. A precise simulation of the chemical looping combustion in a channel of monolith is developed to define the design rules and the material specifications. The objective is also to evaluate this innovative process in terms of ...
F. Sawo and T. Bernard
Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Karlsruhe, Germany
This paper addresses the modeling of a complex glass forming process as an example of a complex, nonlinear distributed parameter system. The system is modeled by a fluid dynamics approach, which means that the forming is regarded as a fluid with free surfaces. Here, the coupling of the forming process with the heat flow is considered. The influence of crucial model parameters (e.g., dynamic ...
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, H. Sakanakura, M. Yamada, M. Osako
Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan
This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...
E. Abarca, A. Nardi, F. Grandia, J. Molinero
Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. A configuration of denser CO2-enriched brine overlying lighter water leads to convective flow and the formation of gravity fingers of ...
Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Dehumidification Process in Nuclear Waste Storage
Sogin Spa, Rome, Italy
One of the main parameters to consider during the nuclear waste storage design phase is the drum corrosion risk. The humid-air corrosion models available in literature predict that, for carbon steel, the phenomena start to become appreciable for relative humidity (RH) values close to 65%. In general, the corrosion rate increases exponentially with relative humidity above the RH threshold. To ...
M. Yang, A. Young, and B. Crittenden
Department of Chemical Engineering University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
A small batch stirred cell which is operated at temperatures up to 400 °C and pressures up to 30 bar is used to study fouling behaviors of selected crude oils. COMSOL Multiphysics package is used for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and heat transfer modeling for this stirred cell system. The simulation results are validated against the measured temperature data at various axial ...
Chemical Pulse Dynamics and Control in Microdesigned Catalysts: Phenomena, Modeling and Computational Wrappers
L. Qiao, and I.G. Kevrekidis
Department of Chemical Engineering, Princeton University
We study the effect of two-dimensional composite catalyst geometry and spatiotemporal laser heating on the dynamics of CO oxidation on a Pt (110) surface. The project involves a combination of modeling, computation and experimentation. We show (through both FEMLAB and specially designed experiments) that local laser heating actuation appropriately designed in space and time can be critical in ...
S. Vaccaro, G. Ferrazzano, and P. Ciambelli
Università di Salerno
Mathematical modelling of a catalytic plate reactor for methane steam reforming with COMSOL Multiphysics was carried out. The model reactor includes three channels where methane combustion occurs on the plates bordering the inner side of the outermost channels, whereas methane steam reforming takes place on the plates bordering the central channel.
S. Filippi[1,2], and C. Cherubini[1,2]
 Facoltà di Ingegneria Università Campus Biomedico di Roma
 International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, University of Rome
This article presents different applications of COMSOL Multiphysics in the context of the mathematical modeling of biological systems. Simulations of excitable media like cardiac and neural tissues are discussed. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography: Simonetta Filippi is member of the Engineering Faculty at the University Campus Biomedico and of the ...
Modeling the Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer during Fires in Stored Biomass, Coal and Recycling Deposits
F. Ferrero, M. Malow, A. Berger, and U. Krause
Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany
In this paper, advances in the development of a numerical model for predicting the possibility of self-ignition in stored biomass, coal heaps or underground seams and dump deposits are presented. Results from the performed simulations are compared with experimental data. Finally, some conclusions and the possibilities for future work are drawn.