Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Navier-Stokes Solutions for Flow and Transport in Realistic Porous Media

N. Abdussamie
American Bureau of Shipping, Tripoli, Libya

This paper illustrates how to set up and solve a two-dimensional flow problem having dimensions of 640 x 320 micro-meter using the Navier-Stokes equations with the help of COMSOL Multiphysics solver. The principle of our pore-scale modeling approach is composed of two steps. The first step involves the detailed identification and specification of the porous medium morphology, this step was ...

Analysis of Lubricant Flow Through Reynolds Equation

K.C. Koppenhoefer[1], S.Y. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], J.S. Crompton[1], and R.O. Edwards[2]
[1]AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
[2]Cummins Fuel Systems, Columbus, IN, USA

Reynolds equation is used to analyze fluid flow through small gaps. As such, the solution of Reynolds equation provides critical information for a wide range of tribological problems. In any case where a lubricant resides between two moving surfaces, the Reynolds equation can be used to solve for the flow. In the case considered in this paper, lubricant flows between a piston and housing forced ...

Simulation of Gravity-Driven Flow Through a Microfluidic Device on a Rocker Platform - new

B. Srinivasan[1], J. Hickman[1], M. Shuler[2]
[1]University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
[2]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

A micropump delivers fluid between different components of a microfluidic device in a controlled manner. The elimination of micropump can reduce the design complexity, simplify fabrication, shrink the device footprint and decrease the set-up time required for the operation of the microfluidic device. One such pumpless microfluidic device for body-on-a-chip application for drug toxicity studies ...

Optimization of Flow Distribution in the Feed Sparger of a Steam Drum

P. Goyal[1], A. Dutta[1], and A. K. Ghosh[1]
[1] Reactor Safety Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Steam drums of a nuclear power plant separate steam from the steam water mixture and sub cooled incoming feed water returns to the reactor. The entire feed water flow is delivered to the steam drum through the feed water sparger. The feed water sparger is provided with number of inverted ‘j’ type lateral tubes to  distribute the feed water in the drum for proper mixing with the separated ...

Uniformity Correction for Fluid Coating Head

W. Vetterling
ZINK Imaging, Bedford, MA, USA

Slot coating is a widely used commercial process for applying one or more thin layers to a substrate such as paper, fabric, film or other material. In many cases, a highly uniform thickness is required, where a coating head that has been corrected for use with a Newtonian fluid may not produce a uniform coating when used with non-Newtonian fluids. With a multiphysics calculation involving the ...

An Overview of Impellers, Velocity Profile and Reactor Design - new

P. Patel[1], P. Vaidya[1], G. Singh[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Faridabad, Haryana, India

This paper presents a simulation approach to develop a model for understanding the mixing phenomenon in a stirred vessel. The mixing in the vessel is important for effective chemical reaction, heat transfer, mass transfer and phase homogeneity. In some cases, it is very difficult to obtain experimental information and it takes a long time to collect the data. Such problems can be solved using ...

Turbulent Compressible Flow in a Slender Tube

K.O. Lund[1], C.M. Lord[2]
[1]Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
[2]Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA

Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...

Flow-induced Vibrations of the Uvula and its Implication on Snoring

J. Xi[1], Q. M. Mohamad[1], Y. E. Yuan[1], J. Rohlinger[1]
[1]Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI, USA

1. Flow-induced uvula deformation considerably altered the flow dynamics inside the nose. 2. For a weak soft palate, complete flow occlusion can occur (sleep apnea). 3. Vibration of the airway structures is crucial to better understand snoring generation mechanisms and breathing-related disorders.

3D Multiphysics Analyses to Support Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Conversion of HFIR - new

P. K. Jain[1], J. D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Engineering design studies of the feasibility of conversion of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) from high-enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel are ongoing at Oak Ridge National Laboratory as part of an effort sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Global Threat Reduction Initiative Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors program. COMSOL Multiphysics® models ...

Using COMSOL Multiphysics to Model Viscoelastic Fluid Flow

B.A. Finlayson
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington

Viscoelastic fluids have first normal stress differences even in rectilinear flow. Thus, they are more complicated than purely viscous non-Newtonian fluids modeled as a power-law model or Carreau model. Viscoelastic effects must be included when modeling the flow of polymer melts and concentrated polymer solutions in situations for which the normal stresses matter. The extrudate swell problem ...

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