Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Multiphysics Modeling of a Gas Bubble Expansion

B. Chinè [1], and M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy and Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Modeling and simulation softwares are very useful tools when we have to analyse and understand the different phenomena occurring during metal foams processing, because several simultaneous physical mechanisms have to be accounted for. In this work we use Comsol Multiphysics 4.2 to model a spherical hydrogen gas bubble expanding in aluminium liquid, initially at rest. The aim of the present ...

Assessing the Potential of Ventilated Facades on Reducing a Buildings’ Thermal Load Using Decoupled COMSOL Simulations

J. van Schijndel[1], C. van Dronkelaar[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Solar radiation is a prominent contributor of energy in buildings, and can be transmitted directly into a building through opaque surfaces, but it can also be absorbed by building components (i.e. walls, roofs etc.). This study discusses the use and effect of ventilated facades, with an external facade cladding, a sub-structure anchored to the wall surface of the building under solar radiation, ...

Calibration of MHD Flow Meter using COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Sahu[1], R. P .Bhattachryay[1], E. R. Kumar[1]
[1]Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

There is limited option for non-intrusive flow measurement of liquid metals at high temperature. Liquid metal flowing in a conduit along with the transverse magnetic field induces emf in the liquid metal. The emf developed; which has linear dependency on flow velocity; can be used for flow velocity estimation. In case of conducting conduit the emf can be measured at the conduit wall. The main ...

Models with Helical Symmetry Studied in a 2D Plane

M. Weterings[1], M. Beyrer[1]
[1]Institute of Life Sciences HesSo Valais, Sion, Valais, Switzerland

Partial differential equations (PDEs) in multiple dimensions may often be solved in a lower dimension if the problem domain contains a symmetry (cylindrical, spherical, translational, etcetera). For problems involving PDEs with helical symmetry we propose a method, with both low computational costs and low complexity, that reduces the domain to a 2D axial plane while retaining 3D Cartesian ...

CFD Modeling and Analysis of a Planar Anode Supported Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

N. Lemcoff[1], M. Tweedie[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Enthone, West Haven, CT, USA

A planar anode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell operating on syngas fuel at 750°C was analyzed in this study. The effects of varying syngas fuel inlet compositions on species and temperature distributions, water gas shift reaction rate, potential for carbon formation and electrochemistry were considered. A 2-D COMSOL® model was developed which included separate defined ...

The Use of CFD Simulations in Learning Fluid Mechanics at the Undergraduate Level

Marc K. Smith
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

Simple, accurate CFD simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics are used in a senior-level undergraduate course as a means to explore a number of fluid flows with the intent of developing a deep understanding of the underlying fluid mechanical mechanisms involved in the flows. Students also learn about the finite element method, how to properly pose the underlying mathematical model for the fluid ...

3D Modeling of Urban Areas for Built Environment Applications Using COMSOL

J. van Schijndel[1]
[1]Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

This paper presents the modeling and simulation results of wind velocities in urban areas. The main idea was to build random generated urban areas for studying the influence of different urban geometries, from relative open to more dense, on wind profiles. The Spalert-Allmaras turbulent flow model turned out to be suitable for domains up to 50 x 50 x 100 m^3. The k-? turbulence model provided ...

Solar Cell Cooling and Heat Recovery in a Concentrated Photovoltaic System

M. Cozzini[1]
[1]Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy

Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...

Investigation of Blade Profiles of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine by Numerical Simulation

S. Yoshioka[1]
[1]Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu City, Shiga, Japan

There are two types of vertical axis wind turbine, drag-type and lift-type. Drag type wind turbine can rotate in low speed wind condition, although its rotation speed is low. Lift type wind turbine can rotate at higher speed, although it works only in high speed wind condition. This study investigates new blade profile that realize rotation in low wind speed condition and higher rotation speed by ...

Simulating HFIR Core Thermal Hydraulics Using 3D-2D Model Coupling

A. Travis[1], K. Ekici[1], J. Freels[2]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
[2]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

A model utilizing interdimensional variable coupling is presented for simulating the thermal hydraulic interactions of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The model’s domain consists of a three-dimensional fuel plate and a two-dimensional coolant channel slice. In simplifying the coolant channel, the computational cost and solution time are both ...

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