D. Samajdar, P. Podder, A. Bhattacharyya, S. Sen
Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, WB, India
In the emerging field of MEMS microfluidics, micropumps and microvalves are two of the most important devices with a wide spectrum of applications such as programmable drug delivery systems, lab-on-a chip devices, µTAS (micro total analysis system), micro electric cooling applications etc. These microfluidic components are dominating the MEMS applications by virtue of their improved performance ...
B. Chinè, M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP Piacenza, Italy; ITCR, Esc. Ciencia e Ing. Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Laboratorio MUSP, Piacenza, Italy; Politecnico di Milano, Dip. Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications in engineering. Foamed metals or alloys include gas voids in the material structure with the real possibility to modify ad hoc their physical properties. Following our previous efforts aimed to simulate and study the foaming process of a metal, we propose in this work a model which considers heat and mass transfer phenomena, ...
A COMSOL Multiphysics®-based Model for Simulation of Methane-Hydrate Dissociation by Injection of Superheated Carbon Dioxide
M. Gharasoo, C. Deusner, N. Bigalke, M. Haeckel
Department of Marine Geosystems, GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel, Germany
Immense amounts of methane are stored as gas-hydrate deposits in deep layers of marine sediments. This has raised considerable interest to develop strategies for producing natural gas from marine hydrates. One potential production strategy is the injection of supercritical CO2 into methane hydrate-bearing sand layers to release the CH4 as a gas and sequester the CO2 as hydrate. We used COMSOL ...
G. Actis Grande, A. Pezzin, G. Rovero
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Ozone treatment is an oxidative process used in wastewater treatment plant to demolish complex organic molecule. In the case of textile industry is required to adequately remove residual color, demolishing the chromophoric bonds or groups in the dye molecules. A useful method for adding the ozone gas into water and maximize ozone-water mixing to increase mass transfer, is the use of Venturi ...
E. Holzbecher, and Hang Si
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany
In the paper we examine the accuracy of various meshes for different model regions and simple differential equations in 2D and in 3D. We study the potential equation for a single irregular domain (2D testcase 1), for a simple domain with irregular sub-domains (2D testcase 2) and a 3D testcase. For testcase 1 we compare with the analytical solution, for testcases 2 with the best solution, obtained ...
Effects of Flow and Diffusion on Blood Coagulation in Platelet Poor Plasma: a Two-way Coupling Between Hemodynamics and Biochemistry
D. Magnabosco[1,2], H. van Ooijen, B. Bakker, R. van den Ham
Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
Philips Research, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Enzyme reactions, blood flow and diffusion in human vasculature play interacting and fundamental roles in blood coagulation. In this complex mechanism, the balance between blood and clot is a delicate equilibrium, whose tight regulation is vital to avoid pathologies such as bleeding and thrombosis. The secondary hemostasis triggered by tissue factor in platelet poor plasma is studied up to fibrin ...
Marc K. Smith
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
Simple, accurate CFD simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics are used in a senior-level undergraduate course as a means to explore a number of fluid flows with the intent of developing a deep understanding of the underlying fluid mechanical mechanisms involved in the flows. Students also learn about the finite element method, how to properly pose the underlying mathematical model for the fluid ...
Y. Wang, D. Uwe Sauer
Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...
F. Ferrero, R. Meyer, M. Kluge, V. Schröder
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
Adiabatic compression of gases can work as an ignition source and is still one of the main causes of accidents in chemical plants processing tetrafluoroethylene (Reza and Christiansen, 2007). The ignition of tetrafluoroethylene induced by adiabatic compression has been studied experimentally with a setup which allowed for the rapid opening of a high speed valve connecting two portions of a ...
Theoretical and Practical Approach for Transdermal Drug Delivery using Microneedle for Successful Skin Penetration
Jeevan J.Mahakud, Ziaur Reheman
Department of electronics and Communication engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Department of electronics and instrumentation engineering, Institute of technical education and research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
With the advent of MEMS, transdermal drug delivery has been developed to increase skin permeability for drug transport. Various microneedle structures have been analyzed theoretically as well as through simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Then computational fluid dynamics has been presented in order to study the behavior of the fluid flow inside the microneedle cavity. In this report, the ...