S. Hoyer, U. Exner, M. Voorn, A. Rath
Department of Geodynamics and Sedimentology, University of Vienna, Austria
Museum of Natural History, Vienna, Austria
OMV ESG-D Production Geology, Vienna, Austria
Knowledge on flow behavior in fractured reservoir rocks is of great interest in petroleum engineering as well as for geothermal assets. Due to the big difference of magnitude (fracture aperture: ~?m, lateral extension of reservoirs ~km), modeling of discrete fracture flow is not practicable on the reservoir scale, so a Darcy (or Brinkman) approximation has to be found. The key task is to find ...
ABB, Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden
Modern power transmission systems are in general designed to operate at high voltages in order to reduce resistive losses generated by high currents. This, however, tends to increase the risk for dielectric breakdown or flashovers if the equipment is not properly designed to withstand the stress. The present work illustrates how multiphysics simulations can be used to analyze and predict the ...
Assessing the Potential of Ventilated Facades on Reducing a Buildings’ Thermal Load Using Decoupled COMSOL Simulations
J. van Schijndel, C. van Dronkelaar
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Solar radiation is a prominent contributor of energy in buildings, and can be transmitted directly into a building through opaque surfaces, but it can also be absorbed by building components (i.e. walls, roofs etc.). This study discusses the use and effect of ventilated facades, with an external facade cladding, a sub-structure anchored to the wall surface of the building under solar radiation, ...
B. Chinè , M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing it ...
M. Alshareef, A. Alshareef, V. Krishna, M. Kindy, T. Shazly
College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
The incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) in the US is approximately 12,000 individuals annually, due to various forms of trauma and disease. Diminished flow over a prolonged period of time can cause permanent spinal damage. We constructed a 3D finite element model of the spinal cord to examine the role of compressive loading on spinal blood flow. It was found that the type of forces on the ...
N. Elabbasi, X. Liu, S. Brown, M. Vidal, M. Pappalardo
Veryst Engineering LLC, Needham, MA, USA
Nordson EFD, East Providence, RI, USA
Laminar flow static mixers are accurate, inexpensive fluid mixing devices that can handle a wide range of fluids and mixing proportions. They have a wide range of industrial applications, especially in the consumer product, pharmaceutical, biomedical, and petrochemical industries. A good mixing quality is obtained when the outlet of the mixer has no concentrated volumes of either mixed materials ...
X. Guan, E. Gratz, U. Pal
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Québec, Shawinigan, QC, Canada
This work presents the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of an electromagnetic DC pump for liquid metal using a rectangular metal flow channel subjected to an externally imposed transversal inhomogeneous magnetic field. In this study. 3D numerical simulation based on the finite element method was carried out using the computer package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. The ...
M.H. Babaei, T. Dabros, S.B. Savage
Ocean, Coastal, and River Engineering, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Natural Resources Canada, CanmetENERGY, Devon, AB, Canada
Department of Civil Engineering & Applied Mechanics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
In this study, the dam-break type two-dimensional gravitational collapse of rectangular granular piles in air was numerically studied. The frictional behavior of the material was based on the von-Mises model with the Mohr-Coulomb yield surface leading to pressure and strain-rate-dependence of shear viscosity. The governing equations of the problem were solved using the COMSOL two-phase flow CFD ...
L. Graber, N.G. Suttell, D. Shah, D.G. Crook, C.H. Kim, J. Ordonez, S. Pamidi
Center for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA
Heat sinks for cryogenic applications using helium gas as the coolant are not readily available. They require to be designed specifically for the intended application. A finite element model was developed to study the feasibility and optimize the design. The FEM computing package COMSOL Multiphysics allowed to couple fluid flow and heat transfer as needed. An experiment was designed to validate ...