Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Investigation of Blade Profiles of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine by Numerical Simulation

S. Yoshioka[1]
[1]Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu City, Shiga, Japan

There are two types of vertical axis wind turbine, drag-type and lift-type. Drag type wind turbine can rotate in low speed wind condition, although its rotation speed is low. Lift type wind turbine can rotate at higher speed, although it works only in high speed wind condition. This study investigates new blade profile that realize rotation in low wind speed condition and higher rotation speed by ...

Computational Modeling of the Electrohydrodynamics Influencing Trace Mercury Adsorption within Electric Utility Electrostatic Precipitators

H. Clack[1]
[1]University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emissions increase the risk of neurological and neonatal health effects in humans through fish consumption. There are several technological approaches to controlling mercury emissions from coal combustion, including the injection of a powdered mercury sorbent into the flue gas upstream of the particulate control device (PCD). As most PCDs are electrostatic precipitators ...

Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Blood Flow over a Backward-Facing Step: Steady-State Simulation

M.W. Siebert[1], and P.S. Fodor[1]
[1]Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...

The Use of CFD Simulations in Learning Fluid Mechanics at the Undergraduate Level

Marc K. Smith
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

Simple, accurate CFD simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics are used in a senior-level undergraduate course as a means to explore a number of fluid flows with the intent of developing a deep understanding of the underlying fluid mechanical mechanisms involved in the flows. Students also learn about the finite element method, how to properly pose the underlying mathematical model for the fluid ...

FEM Analysis of Contaminant Transport in a Loamy Desert Soil

B. Agasanapura, C. Nesbitt, and M. Misra
Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA

In the present work, transport and adsorption of contaminants (lead, cesium) on loamy desert soil was modeled using the Finite Element Method (FEM). The Advective dispersion reaction mechanism was employed to describe the contaminant transport in soil medium. A partial differential equation (PDE) obtained from unsteady mass balance was developed using convective diffusion, solute adsorption, and ...

Simulation of Formwork Filling by Cement Fluid: The Effect of the Formwork Structure on Yield-stress Fluid

J. Park[1], N. Banerjee[1], M. Alfi[1], D. Feys[1]
[1]Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

The flow of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in formwork fillings was simulated as the flow of a single phase yield-stress fluid between two infinite plates by COMSOL Multiphysics®. The flow of SCC with varied rheological properties (yield stress and plastic viscosity) was verified in formworks with different configurations of reinforcement (rebars). Minimum and maximum limits of SCC ...

Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques

A. Sinkevich[1], S. Bhowmick [1], M. Raessi[1]
[1]University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA

Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...

Numerical Investigation of Swirl Flow in Curved Tube with Various Curvature Ratio

A. Kadyirov[1]
[1]Research Center for Power Engineering Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kazan, Russia

The influences of curvature effects and swirl intensities for Non-Newtonian viscous fluid flow in a curved tube have been numerically investigated by using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The twisted tape, which are located directly in front of the curved part, are used as swirl flow generators. The tape is twisted until it reaches an angle of 90 degrees and turns right. Swirling flow, getting into the ...

Shear Stress Analysis in High-Throughput Dual-micropillar-based Microfluidic Platform

J.Borana[1], J.M.Lee[2], B.G.Chung[2]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, India
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea

We developed the dual-micropillar-based microfluidic platform to control cellular behavior. The 4×4 dual micro-pillar based platform consists of 16 circular-shaped outer micropillars and 8 saddle shaped inner-micropillars. We simulated various shapes of inner micropillars to analyze the shear stress inside the inner micropillar. Therefore, this dual-micropillar-based microfluidic platform could ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulation of 3D Single-Phase Transport in a Random Packed Bed of Spheres

A. Dixon[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Packed beds are important in the chemical industries. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can simulate detailed flow and scalar transport in packed beds for improved understanding and quantitative information. We present simulations of single-phase gas flow, conjugate heat transfer and isothermal dispersion of mass in a 3D model of a randomly-packed bed (tube-to-particle diameter ratio = 5.96) of ...

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