Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
In this study, numerical simulations of mixing in turbulent flow, subject to a change in density, are performed. Attention is focused on the binary mixing between two streams of fluid in which a variable density step are formed due to a difference in the temperature. This binary mixing problem performed by assuming low Mach number flow. The results demonstrate the variable density effects and ...
Relevance of Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes Involved in the Construction and Operation of Copper Heap Leach Pads
M. Tincopa, A. Nardi, G. Roman-Ross , J. Molinero
Technic University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Heap leaching in the mining industry had become a sophisticated practice at least 500 years ago. It is a mineral processing technology whereby piles of crushed Run-of–Mine rock are leached with chemical solutions to extract minerals. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the behavior of a heap leach pad by using coupled Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical simulations. COMSOL ...
X. Guan, E. Gratz, U. Pal
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...
M. Giansetti, A. Pezzin, S. Sicardi, G. Rovero
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Within wool textile industries, a very important role is played by the so-called finishing processes, in which the textile substrate undergoes steam treatments to achieve the desired level of stabilisation and appearance. Process parameters, namely temperature and moisture content, are known only at the beginning of the process but not in the textile material being treated, where the actual ...
Coupled Palaehydrogeological Microbial and Geochemical Reactive Transport Model of the Olkiluoto Site (Finland)
P. Trinchero, M. Luna, J. Molinero, G. Román-Ross, F. Maia, A. Nardi, J. Löfman, P. Pitkänen, L. Koskinen
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
VTT Energy, Finland
Posiva Oy, Olkiluoto, Finland
Olkiluoto at Eurajoki has been selected as the final repository site for spent nuclear waste in Finland. This area has been affected, at regional scale, by land-uplift processes related to the ice withdrawal. These events have resulted in a complex and stratified heterogeneous hydrochemical system. The objective of this work was to develop a robust paleohydrogeological reactive transport (PRT) ...
M. J. Hancock, N. H. Elabbasi, M. C. Demirel
Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...
A. Haas, M. Scholle, A. Aksel, H.M. Thompson, R.W. Hewson, and P.H. Gaskell
Department of Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
Heat transfer in a plane shear flow configuration consisting of two infinitely long parallel plates is considered. In laminar flows over undulated substrates eddies can be generated due to the kinematical constraints. A closed form analytical solution for the velocity field, based on lubrication theory as well as a semi-analytic solution for the temperature field is derived for the creeping flow. ...
Numerical Calculation of Effective Density and Compressibility Tensors in Periodic Porous Media: A Multi-Scale Asymptotic Method
C. Lee, M. Leamy, and J. Nadler
School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Georgia Institute of Technology
A major issue in predicting and controlling (via design) absorption properties of rigid porous media is the determination of the frequency-dependent effective density and compressibility tensors. Unlike previous research efforts which employ in-house and, oftentimes, multiple numerical procedures for determining these two essential tensors, we formulate their solution in terms of a set of ...
C. Janya-Anurak, T. Bernard, and H. Birkenhofer
Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics
System Technologies and Image Exploitation IOSB
Over the last few years, Finite Element Models have become increasingly important as tool for the design of process control strategies or process optimization. Some processes possess complex spatio-temporal coupled and nonlinear dynamic. For process optimization it is very important to know the impact of parameters and state variables to the relevant process “output” parameters. In the ...
Research Center for Power Engineering Problems, KSC, RAS, Russia
Non-Newtonian laminar flows in curved circular tubes with inserts are investigated by computer simulations. 0.65% solution of NaCMC is considered. Three-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved using COMSOL Multiphysics. Placements of inserts inside the curved tubes and their effects on the hydrodynamics of the flow are studied. Computations are carried out with various ...