Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

3D Modeling of Fracture Flow in Core Samples Using ?-CT Data

S. Hoyer[1], U. Exner[2], M. Voorn[1], A. Rath[3]
[1]Department of Geodynamics and Sedimentology, University of Vienna, Austria
[2]Museum of Natural History, Vienna, Austria
[3]OMV ESG-D Production Geology, Vienna, Austria

Knowledge on flow behavior in fractured reservoir rocks is of great interest in petroleum engineering as well as for geothermal assets. Due to the big difference of magnitude (fracture aperture: ~?m, lateral extension of reservoirs ~km), modeling of discrete fracture flow is not practicable on the reservoir scale, so a Darcy (or Brinkman) approximation has to be found. The key task is to find ...

Solar Cell Cooling and Heat Recovery in a Concentrated Photovoltaic System

M. Cozzini[1]
[1]Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy

Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...

Geometric Optimization of Micromixers

M. Jain[1], A. Rao[1], K. Nandakumar[1]
[1]Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...

Simulating HFIR Core Thermal Hydraulics Using 3D-2D Model Coupling

A. Travis[1], K. Ekici[1], J. Freels[2]
[1]The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
[2]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

A model utilizing interdimensional variable coupling is presented for simulating the thermal hydraulic interactions of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The model’s domain consists of a three-dimensional fuel plate and a two-dimensional coolant channel slice. In simplifying the coolant channel, the computational cost and solution time are both ...

Models with Helical Symmetry Studied in a 2D Plane

M. Weterings[1], M. Beyrer[1]
[1]Institute of Life Sciences HesSo Valais, Sion, Valais, Switzerland

Partial differential equations (PDEs) in multiple dimensions may often be solved in a lower dimension if the problem domain contains a symmetry (cylindrical, spherical, translational, etcetera). For problems involving PDEs with helical symmetry we propose a method, with both low computational costs and low complexity, that reduces the domain to a 2D axial plane while retaining 3D Cartesian ...

Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new

A. Soliz[1], K. Mayrhofer[1], L. Caceres[2]
[1]Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile

A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...

Simulations of Micropumps Based on Tilted Flexible Structures - new

M. J. Hancock[1], N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. C. Demirel[2]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
[2]Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...

Microvascular Dysfunction in PAD Patients - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], B. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...

Study of Supercritical Coal Fired Power Plant Dynamic Responses for Grid Code Compliance - new

A. Gil-Garcia[1], I. Kings[1], B. Al-Duri[1]
[1]University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK

In clean coal technologies, improving energy conversion efficiency is one of the most important directions. Compared to traditional subcritical power plants, pressure-increased supercritical power plants improve the plant energy efficiency from 35% up to 45%. This work presents a study of the thermodynamic behaviour of the water cycle in coal-fired boilers in response to the changes in energy ...

CFD Analysis of Loss Of Vacuum Accident for Safety Application in Experimental Fusion Reactor Facility

C. Bellecci[1], P. Gaudio[1], I. Lupelli[1], A. Malizia[1], M.T. Porfiri[2], R. Quaranta[1], and M. Richetta[1]

[1]EURATOM, Faculty of Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy
[2]ENEA Nuclear Fusion Tecnologies, Frascati, Roma, Italy

In an experimental nuclear fusion facility dust is generated both during normal machine operations and by macroscopic erosion of the plasma facing materials due to intense thermal loads. This dust can be mobilized by air ingress in case of LOVA (Loss of Vacuum Accident) threaten safety of workers and public. A small facility, Small Tank for Aerosol Removal and Dust (STARDUST), was set up in order ...

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