Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of Formwork Filling by Cement Fluid: The Effect of the Formwork Structure on Yield-stress Fluid

J. Park[1], N. Banerjee[1], M. Alfi[1], D. Feys[1]
[1]Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

The flow of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in formwork fillings was simulated as the flow of a single phase yield-stress fluid between two infinite plates by COMSOL Multiphysics®. The flow of SCC with varied rheological properties (yield stress and plastic viscosity) was verified in formworks with different configurations of reinforcement (rebars). Minimum and maximum limits of SCC ...

Optimizing Design of Soil Mixing Equipment through COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations

T. Qiu[1], W. C. Kogelmann[2], K. Talebi[3]
[1]Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
[2]Alpine Sales & Rental Corp./Alpine Equipment LLC, State College, PA, USA
[3]Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Soil mixers are widely used to mix biochemical agents and additives to remediate contaminated soils or drill cuttings and sludges. Through COMSOL Multiphysics simulations, this paper aims to evaluate the effect of geometric configuration of the blades and rotational speed on the mixing performance of various soil mixers. A numerical model is developed to simulate the complex interaction between ...

Modeling Maillard Reaction and Thermal Transformations During Bread Baking

D. Papasidero[1], F. Manenti[1]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “Giulio Natta”, Milano, Italy

One big challenge for the food industry is to predict and optimize flavors. The Maillard reaction occurs in food matrices containing carbohydrates and proteins under specific operating conditions. The presented research couples thermal and kinetic modeling to the bread baking process, an ideal field to study this complex set of reactions responsible for many bread flavors. The thermal model ...

Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new

A. Soliz[1], K. Mayrhofer[1], L. Caceres[2]
[1]Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile

A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...

Simulations of Micropumps Based on Tilted Flexible Structures - new

M. J. Hancock[1], N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. C. Demirel[2]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
[2]Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...

Microvascular Dysfunction in PAD Patients - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], B. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...

Thermal Natural Convection Simulations with COMSOL Multiphysics® in Comparison with Measurements - new

H. van Halewijn[1]
[1]Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In a laboratory setup a horizontal rod is heated on one side. By natural convection a stable temperature pattern is developed. Using the Nusselt formulation of the natural convection of cylindrical rods, the temperature distribution can be calculated. Only a good match of the simulations and the measurements can be reached when taking into account all the non-linear physics in the system. In this ...

Modeling of Silicon Transport into Germanium Using a Simplified Crystal Growth Technique

F. Mechighel[1][3], B. Pateyron[1], M. El Ganaoui[1], S. Dost[2], and M. Kadja[3]

[1]Laboratory SPCTS UMR CNRS, ENSCI, Limoges University, Limoges, France
[2]Crystal Growth Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria, Canada
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Constantine, Constantine, Algeria

A numerical simulation study, using COMSOL Multiphysics®, was carried out to examine the temperature and concentration fields in the dissolution process of silicon into germanium melt. This work utilized a simplified configuration which may be considered to be similar material configuration to that used in the Vertical Bridgman growth methods. The concentration profile for the SiGe sample ...

Wall Effects in Convective Heat Transfer from a Sphere to Power Law Fluids in Tubes

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and Chhabra[2]

[1]West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

Heat transfer from a sphere having a uniform temperature and falling axially in a cylindrical tube filled with an incompressible power-law liquid is numerically investigated. The governing equations for simultaneous flow around a confined sphere and heat transfer to power-law fluids were solved numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that the wall effects on the mean Nusselt number ...

Numerical Investigation of Non-Newtonian Laminar Flow in a Curved Tube with Insert

A. Kadyyrov[1]
[1]Research Center for Power Engineering Problems, KSC, RAS, Russia

Non-Newtonian laminar flows in curved circular tubes with inserts are investigated by computer simulations. 0.65% solution of NaCMC is considered. Three-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved using COMSOL Multiphysics. Placements of inserts inside the curved tubes and their effects on the hydrodynamics of the flow are studied. Computations are carried out with various ...

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