S. Hoyer, U. Exner, M. Voorn, A. Rath
Department of Geodynamics and Sedimentology, University of Vienna, Austria
Museum of Natural History, Vienna, Austria
OMV ESG-D Production Geology, Vienna, Austria
Knowledge on flow behavior in fractured reservoir rocks is of great interest in petroleum engineering as well as for geothermal assets. Due to the big difference of magnitude (fracture aperture: ~?m, lateral extension of reservoirs ~km), modeling of discrete fracture flow is not practicable on the reservoir scale, so a Darcy (or Brinkman) approximation has to be found. The key task is to find ...
Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy
Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...
M. Jain, A. Rao, K. Nandakumar
Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...
A. Travis, K. Ekici, J. Freels
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
A model utilizing interdimensional variable coupling is presented for simulating the thermal hydraulic interactions of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) core at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The model’s domain consists of a three-dimensional fuel plate and a two-dimensional coolant channel slice. In simplifying the coolant channel, the computational cost and solution time are both ...
M. Weterings, M. Beyrer
Institute of Life Sciences HesSo Valais, Sion, Valais, Switzerland
Partial differential equations (PDEs) in multiple dimensions may often be solved in a lower dimension if the problem domain contains a symmetry (cylindrical, spherical, translational, etcetera). For problems involving PDEs with helical symmetry we propose a method, with both low computational costs and low complexity, that reduces the domain to a 2D axial plane while retaining 3D Cartesian ...
Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new
A. Soliz, K. Mayrhofer, L. Caceres
Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile
A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...
M. J. Hancock, N. H. Elabbasi, M. C. Demirel
Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...
K. Cluff, H. Mehraein, B. Jayakumar
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...
A. Gil-Garcia, I. Kings, B. Al-Duri
University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
In clean coal technologies, improving energy conversion efficiency is one of the most important directions. Compared to traditional subcritical power plants, pressure-increased supercritical power plants improve the plant energy efficiency from 35% up to 45%. This work presents a study of the thermodynamic behaviour of the water cycle in coal-fired boilers in response to the changes in energy ...
CFD Analysis of Loss Of Vacuum Accident for Safety Application in Experimental Fusion Reactor Facility
C. Bellecci, P. Gaudio, I. Lupelli, A. Malizia, M.T. Porfiri, R. Quaranta, and M. Richetta
EURATOM, Faculty of Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy
ENEA Nuclear Fusion Tecnologies, Frascati, Roma, Italy
In an experimental nuclear fusion facility dust is generated both during normal machine operations and by macroscopic erosion of the plasma facing materials due to intense thermal loads. This dust can be mobilized by air ingress in case of LOVA (Loss of Vacuum Accident) threaten safety of workers and public. A small facility, Small Tank for Aerosol Removal and Dust (STARDUST), was set up in order ...