Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simplified Numerical Model of an Axial Impeller

A.-M. Georgescu[1], S.-C. Georgescu[2]
[1]Hydraulics and Environmental Protection Department, Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
[2]Hydraulics Department, University “Politehnica”, Bucharest, Romania

We propose a simplified numerical method to model the flow field downstream of an axial impeller. The method can be used for any axial hydraulic machinery for which, one is less interested by the flow between the blades, than by the flow field downstream of the machinery. The method is applied to an axial fan for which the pressure - flow rate curve is available. Numerical results are obtained ...

Experimental Validation of Model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) of Copper

J. Ebert[1], S. Ghosal[1], A. Emami-Naeini[1]
[1]SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA

This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...

Modeling Maillard Reaction and Thermal Transformations During Bread Baking

D. Papasidero[1], F. Manenti[1]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “Giulio Natta”, Milano, Italy

One big challenge for the food industry is to predict and optimize flavors. The Maillard reaction occurs in food matrices containing carbohydrates and proteins under specific operating conditions. The presented research couples thermal and kinetic modeling to the bread baking process, an ideal field to study this complex set of reactions responsible for many bread flavors. The thermal model ...

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere

P. Vincent[1], E. Humphreys[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
[2]Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...

Comparison of Different Passive Oil-Water Mixing Schemes in a Flow Loop

A. Chaudhuri[1]
[1]Materials Synthesis & Integrated Devices, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

Oil and water are immiscible fluids and they tend to separate very easily when introduced into a flow stream from two different sources in a flow loop. This model studies the development of mixture volume fraction in an oil-water-flow loop with 3 different passive mixing schemes: (i) blind-T, (ii) check valve, and (iii) static mixer. Each device produces different levels of mixture homogeneity ...

Sensitivity Estimation of Permanent Magnet Flowmeter

V. Sharma[1], S. K. Dash[1], G. Vijaykumar[1], B. K. Nashine[1], B. Krishnakumar[1], P. Kalyanasundaram[1], and G. Vaidyanathan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

Permanent Magnet Flowmeter (PMFM) is a non invasive device, which is used to measure the flow of electricallyconducting sodium in Fast Breeder Reactor Circuits. PMFM works on the principle of generation of motional EMF by magnetic forces exerted on the charges in a moving conductor. In this paper modeling of PMFM with different pipe sizes is done to predict the flowmeter output for a given ...

Simulation of Heat and Momentum Flow in a Quartz Mercury-filled HID Lamp in Vertical Operation

Dreeben, T.

FEMLAB is used to provide a benchmark simulation for a classical problem in high-intensity discharge lighting: the pure mercury-filled quartz HID (high-intensity discharge) lamp. A steady 2-dimensional axi-symmetric formulation estimates the operating temperatures, electrical potential, and gas velocities for an HID lamp running in vertical orientation. Governing equations and their ...

Wall Effects in Convective Heat Transfer from a Sphere to Power Law Fluids in Tubes

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and Chhabra[2]

[1]West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

Heat transfer from a sphere having a uniform temperature and falling axially in a cylindrical tube filled with an incompressible power-law liquid is numerically investigated. The governing equations for simultaneous flow around a confined sphere and heat transfer to power-law fluids were solved numerically using COMSOL Multiphysics. It was found that the wall effects on the mean Nusselt number ...

Numerical Simulation of Fluid Dynamic Behaviour in a Fuel Injector with Restricted Flow

G. Ovchinnikov1, and V. Ovchinnikov2
1Laboratory of Internal Combustion Engines, Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia
2Micro and Nanofabrication Centre, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland

Electronic fuel injectors, widely used for gasoline spark ignition engines, are characterized by the fact that the volumetric efficiency, response time and spray pattern drastically change due to build up of deposits in the fluid-flow channels. This study is intended to describe the effect of channel shape and needle valve lift on the characteristics of a fuel flow in the pintle-type injector ...

Turbulent Bounded Flows for Oil & Gas Industry with COMSOL CFD Module

A. Fadel[1], G. Fontana[1]
[1]Isoil Impianti, Albano S. Alessandro, Italy

Industrial applications of fluid mechanics can require to satisfy necessities as diverse as legal norms, optimization requirements and manufacturing constraints. Therefore a Computational Fluid Mechanics software often becomes a must in the development of new devices or the improvement of older ones. Besides the legalistic aspect (such as the European Pressure Equipment Directive), several steps ...

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