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Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Mixing Layer Analysis in Variable Density Turbulent Flow

A.E. Alshayji[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait

In this study, numerical simulations of mixing in turbulent flow, subject to a change in density, are performed. Attention is focused on the binary mixing between two streams of fluid in which a variable density step are formed due to a difference in the temperature. This binary mixing problem performed by assuming low Mach number flow. The results demonstrate the variable density effects and ...

Relevance of Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes Involved in the Construction and Operation of Copper Heap Leach Pads

M. Tincopa[1], A. Nardi[2], G. Roman-Ross[2] , J. Molinero[2]
[1]Technic University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
[2]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

Heap leaching in the mining industry had become a sophisticated practice at least 500 years ago. It is a mineral processing technology whereby piles of crushed Run-of–Mine rock are leached with chemical solutions to extract minerals. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the behavior of a heap leach pad by using coupled Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical simulations. COMSOL ...

Application of COMSOL Multiphysics in the Simulation of Magnesium Refining and Production

X. Guan[1], E. Gratz[1], U. Pal[1]
[1]Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...

Modelling of the Wool Textile Finishing Processes

M. Giansetti[1], A. Pezzin[1], S. Sicardi[1], G. Rovero[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Within wool textile industries, a very important role is played by the so-called finishing processes, in which the textile substrate undergoes steam treatments to achieve the desired level of stabilisation and appearance. Process parameters, namely temperature and moisture content, are known only at the beginning of the process but not in the textile material being treated, where the actual ...

Coupled Palaehydrogeological Microbial and Geochemical Reactive Transport Model of the Olkiluoto Site (Finland)

P. Trinchero[1], M. Luna[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], F. Maia[1], A. Nardi[1], J. Löfman[2], P. Pitkänen[3], L. Koskinen[3]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]VTT Energy, Finland
[3]Posiva Oy, Olkiluoto, Finland

Olkiluoto at Eurajoki has been selected as the final repository site for spent nuclear waste in Finland. This area has been affected, at regional scale, by land-uplift processes related to the ice withdrawal. These events have resulted in a complex and stratified heterogeneous hydrochemical system. The objective of this work was to develop a robust paleohydrogeological reactive transport (PRT) ...

Simulations of Micropumps Based on Tilted Flexible Structures - new

M. J. Hancock[1], N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. C. Demirel[2]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
[2]Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...

Laminar Thermal Mixing in Coating Flows

A. Haas[1], M. Scholle[1], A. Aksel[1], H.M. Thompson[2], R.W. Hewson[2], and P.H. Gaskell[2]

[1]Department of Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
[2]School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Heat transfer in a plane shear flow configuration consisting of two infinitely long parallel plates is considered. In laminar flows over undulated substrates eddies can be generated due to the kinematical constraints. A closed form analytical solution for the velocity field, based on lubrication theory as well as a semi-analytic solution for the temperature field is derived for the creeping flow. ...

Numerical Calculation of Effective Density and Compressibility Tensors in Periodic Porous Media: A Multi-Scale Asymptotic Method

C. Lee[1], M. Leamy[1], and J. Nadler[2]

[1]School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
[2]Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Georgia Institute of Technology

A major issue in predicting and controlling (via design) absorption properties of rigid porous media is the determination of the frequency-dependent effective density and compressibility tensors. Unlike previous research efforts which employ in-house and, oftentimes, multiple numerical procedures for determining these two essential tensors, we formulate their solution in terms of a set of ...

Numerical Sensitivity Analysis of a Complex Glass Forming Process by Means of Local Perturbations

C. Janya-Anurak, T. Bernard, and H. Birkenhofer
Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics
System Technologies and Image Exploitation IOSB
Karlsruhe, Germany

Over the last few years, Finite Element Models have become increasingly important as tool for the design of process control strategies or process optimization. Some processes possess complex spatio-temporal coupled and nonlinear dynamic. For process optimization it is very important to know the impact of parameters and state variables to the relevant process “output” parameters. In the ...

Numerical Investigation of Non-Newtonian Laminar Flow in a Curved Tube with Insert

A. Kadyyrov[1]
[1]Research Center for Power Engineering Problems, KSC, RAS, Russia

Non-Newtonian laminar flows in curved circular tubes with inserts are investigated by computer simulations. 0.65% solution of NaCMC is considered. Three-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved using COMSOL Multiphysics. Placements of inserts inside the curved tubes and their effects on the hydrodynamics of the flow are studied. Computations are carried out with various ...