Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Flow and Mixing in the Liquid between Bubbles

B. Finlayson[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

Mixing is characterized in liquids moving between bubbles when the bubbles are moving down a microfluidic channel. The shape is assumed based on fluid mechanical arguments and experimental observations, and the mixing is characterized for a variety of situations in two and three-dimensions. In COMSOL Multiphysics, an integration coupling variable was used by solving the problem in two dimensions ...

Benchmark Comparison of Natural Convection in a Tall Cavity

H. Dillon[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

A comparison of the commercial code COMSOL is performed with the bench-mark solutions provided by the literature for a tall, differentially heated rectangular cavity for aspect ratios of 8, 15, 20, and 33. At small Rayleigh numbers the flow is dominated by conduction. As the Rayleigh number is increased the flow becomes unstable, first resulting in multicellular secondary flow patterns, and then ...

Study of ER Non-equilibrium Behavior with COMSOL

L. Zhou
Fudan University, Shanghai, China

COMSOL Multiphysics is a powerful tool in theoretical study. Lei Zhou, Jiping Huang and other professors in Physics Department, Fudan University have achieved some exciting results of soft, tunable metamaterials. We use it to study non-equilibrium behavior of rhoeological (ER) fluids and polar molecule dominated rheological (PM-ER) fluids. Numerical solutions using the Onsager’s principle would ...

Metal Foam Tube Flow Characterisation

T. Spillmann[1]
[1]CSIRO, Energy Technology, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

In this study the flow through a tube filled with highly porous aluminium foam of three different pore sizes is analysed using COMSOL Multiphysics® CFD Module and compared to experimentally determined pressure drop data. Analyzing the flow through an array of pores allow the deduction of characteristic flow parameters (permeability and form drag coefficient) that are utilized in a ...

FEMLAB Solution of the Creeping Flow Equations for a Particle in Stagnation Point Flows in the Vicinity of a Wall

Pasol, L., Feuillebois, F.

The fluid velocity and pressure of the floweld around axed spherical particle embedded in an unperturbed axisymmetric creeping flow in the vicinity of a wall is calculated analytically by the method of bipolar coordinates. Results are obtained with a 10-16 precision allowing a comparison with the results from a FEMLAB calculation. Results from the analytical calculation exhibit several cell ...

Mathematical Frame-work for the Productivity Index of Wells with Fast Forchheimer (non-Darcy) Flow in Porous Media

E. Aulisa [1], A. Ibragimov[1], P. Valko [2], and J. Walton[3]
[1] Texas Tech University, Department of Mathematics and Statistics
[2] Texas A & M University, Department of Petroleum Engineering
[3] Texas A & M University, Department of Mathematics

In the current paper, similar features for fast or turbulent, non-linear flows subjected to Forchheimer equations are analyzed. Under some hydrodynamic and thermodynamic constrains, it has been shown that there exists the so called pseudo-steady state regime for Forchheimer flows in reservoir media. This invariant is called diffusive capacitance, which is the mathematical model for the well ...

Using Spacers in MD Channels

A.M. Alklaibi
Technical college, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

A membrane distillation process equipped with mesh-type material spacers has been modeled as a two-dimensional conjugate problem in which a simultaneous numerical solution of the momentum and energy of the feed and cold solutions have been carried out. The results shows that the center suspended spacer produces the highest average shear stress, and gives the highest spacer efficiency at all ...

Reactor Design Improvements for a Propane Autothermal Reformer by Simulation of Momentum Flow

F. Cipitì, L. Pino, A. Vita, M. Laganà, and V. Recupero
CNR-ITAE, Messina

The paper presents a two-dimensional model to describe the gas flow in a propane autothermal reactor, developed at the CNR-ITAE Institute, and aimed to design a Beta 5 kWe hydrogen generator, named HYGen II, to be used with Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) for residential applications. The main aim of the mathematical model was to optimize the reactor geometrical key parameters (diameter ...

Influence of Geometry on Mixing in a Passive Micromixer

E. Giuri, A. Ricci, and C. Ricciardi
Laboratorio di Technologie Elettrobiochimiche Miniaturizzate per l'Anilisi e la Ricerca, Politechnico di Torino

Finite Element Method simulations of microstructure behaviour is carried out by COMSOL. This enables us to make also technological considerations related to the easy way of fabrication and to lower production costs as explained in the following slide.

Uniformity Correction for Fluid Coating Head

W. Vetterling
ZINK Imaging, Bedford, MA, USA

Slot coating is a widely used commercial process for applying one or more thin layers to a substrate such as paper, fabric, film or other material. In many cases, a highly uniform thickness is required, where a coating head that has been corrected for use with a Newtonian fluid may not produce a uniform coating when used with non-Newtonian fluids. With a multiphysics calculation involving the ...

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