J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, M.C. Leon-Hidalgo, J. Lora-Garcia, A. Santafe-Moros, and J.C. Garcia-Diaz
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Brine disposal from desalination plants placed in inland areas far from sea is an important problem. Evaporation ponds can be used for reducing the waste to solid state but they require huge amounts of land. Evaporation using arrays of wet surfaces can minimize the land requirements. One characteristic of the methods based on natural evaporation is the uncertainty associated to the influent ...
I. Bodey, R. Arimilli, and J. Freels
Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Eng., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is an 85 MW, light-water moderated, research reactor that operates at low temperature and high pressure. The HFIR is presently scheduled to convert from a high enriched uranium fuel (HEU) to a low enriched uranium fuel (LEU) in 2019. Due to cost constraints, not all experiments will be repeated for the LEU fuel ...
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy
The work is focused on the numerical analysis of forced convection in curved tubes investigating the correlation between the heat transfer and friction factor enhancement and the effects of the wall curvature. The analysis was performed by integrating the continuity, momentum and energy equations within COMSOL Multiphysics. The local Nusselt number reaches values higher than the ones expected for ...
The Gillette Company
The ability of an industrial mixing tank to homogenize its contents decays rapidly as the Reynolds number is decreased in the transitional regime and approaches the laminar regime. A model of a mixing tank was developed using FEMLAB and using a CFD technique known as momentum source modelling. The model predictions of velocity components agree well with LDA measurements. Decolorization ...
An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper
J. Michalski, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US
The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...
Heat Transfer Effects in a Water Calorimeter for Measuring the Absorbed Dose of Therapy-Level Radiation Beams
R. E. Tosh, and H. H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Water calorimetry that directly measures the temperature rise (at the mK level) due to radiation heating is used as a primary standard for therapy-level gamma-radiation beams. The temperature rise is measured at a given point in space where the spatial distribution of the absorbed dose is non-uniform, and therefore is subject to heat conduction and convection distortions that must be corrected to ...
ZINK Imaging, Bedford, MA, USA
Slot coating is a widely used commercial process for applying one or more thin layers to a substrate such as paper, fabric, film or other material. In many cases, a highly uniform thickness is required, where a coating head that has been corrected for use with a Newtonian fluid may not produce a uniform coating when used with non-Newtonian fluids. With a multiphysics calculation involving the ...
CEA Valduc, France
During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of the ...
Aerodynamic Study For Air To Gas Leakage Reduction In A Typical Rotary Regenerative Air Preheater Of Coal-Fired Steam Generators
L. Ferravante, C. Zagano, and V. Marra
RSE S.p.A. - via Rubattino, Milano, Italy
COMSOL S.r.l. - Via Vittorio Emanuele II, Brescia, Italy
The present study relates to the reduction of the amount of air to gas leakage in a typical rotary regenerative air preheater of coal-fired steam generators, by means of computational thermo-fluid-dynamics. Due to the gaps, or clearances, required for rotation, there is a significant amount of leakage of the higher pressure air to the lower pressure gas stream. This paper presents a turbulent CFD ...
Dr. Franck Pigeonneau is currently working in the joint laboratory between the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the company Saint-Gobain. He received his Ph. D. in 1998 from the University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris, France). His main research activities are devoted to the transport phenomena in high viscous fluids relevant for glass melting processes. He is using COMSOL ...