Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Natural and Combined Natural-Marangoni Convection Flows in a Low Prandtl Number Material Filled in a Square Mold by using COMSOL

F. Mechighel1,2,3, M. El Ganaoui2, B. Pateyron2 and M. Kadja3
1Mechanical Engineering Department, Annaba University, Annaba, Algeria
2SPCTS Laboratory, Limoges University, Limoges, France
3Mechanical Engineering Department, Constantine University, Constantine, Algeria

In the present paper a problem with both natural and combined natural-Marangoni convection flow of materials (having small Prandtl numbers of 0.0128, 0.054 and 0.71, respectively) filled in an enclosure has been investigated by a numerical simulation using COMSOL. Solutions have been obtained for different values of the Rayleigh number. The generated flow under buoyancy and surface tension forces ...

Investigation of Natural Ventilation Techniques in Historical Buildings, a Case Study in Palermo

C. Balocco
Energy Engineering Department, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

The natural ventilation of buildings provides improvement of internal comfort and air quality conditions leading to a significant reduction of the consumption of cooling energy. In the present paper the air flow patterns, velocity and air temperature distributions inside a historical building in Palermo (Italy), at present used as a library, were investigated by a 3D transient simulation using ...

Inverse Estimation of the Flow Resistivity Tensor of Open-Cell Foams from Experimental Data and Darcy’s Flow Simulations

C. Van der Kelen, P. Göransson, and N-E.Hörlin
Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory for sound and vibration research, KTH Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Stockholm, Sweden

The flow resistivity tensor, which is the inverse of the viscous permeability tensor, is one of the most important material properties for the acoustic performance of open cell foams, used in acoustic treatments. Due to the manufacturing processes, these foams are most often geometrically anisotropic. This paper discusses the estimation of the flow resistivity tensor using an improvement of a ...

Objects in a Windtunnel Simulated With COMSOL

H. van Halewijn
Fontys Hogeschool
Applied Physics
Eindhoven, The Netherlands

For the educational program of Fluid Dynamics at the Fontys Hogeshool of Applied Physics, a wind tunnel was developed for tests of flow profiles of objects, such as a ball, cube or plate. Students are expected to measure the air resistance of a variety of objects, and verify the measurements with the turbulent CFD module of COMSOL. The measurements and the COMSOL simulations match nicely, and ...

Computationally Assisted Design and Experimental Validation of a Novel ‘Flow-Focussed’ Microfluidics Chip for Generating Monodisperse Microbubbles

M. Conneely[1], V. Hegde[2], H. Rolfsnes[1], A. Mason[2], D. McLean[1], C. Main[1], F.J.D. Smith[2], W.H.I. McLean[2], P.A. Campbell[1]
[1]Carnegie Physics Laboratory, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
[2]Division of Molecular Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

Whilst initially developed as a diagnostic aid to improve echogenicity in ultrasound imaging, gas-filled lipid microbubbles are now emerging as a next generation \'theranostic\' tool in the medical arena. Here, their therapeutic potential has now been realized through their unique capability to deliver molecular species such as drugs and genes by means of disrupting the cell membrane in response ...

Thermo-Fluid Dynamics of Flue Gas in Heat Accumulation Stoves: Study Cases

D. Rossi[1], P. Scotton[1]
[1]University of Padova, Department of Geosciences, Padova, Italy

The research aims to clarify some aspects of the thermo-fluid dynamics of woody biomass flue gas, within the twisted conduit inside the heat accumulation stoves, and exposes also some analysis about the heat transport and heat exchange processes. The high temperature flue gas flows in the conduit, releasing heat to the refractory. The heat stored in the refractory is then released to the ...

Simulation of Formwork Filling by Cement Fluid: The Effect of the Formwork Structure on Yield-stress Fluid

J. Park[1], N. Banerjee[1], M. Alfi[1], D. Feys[1]
[1]Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

The flow of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in formwork fillings was simulated as the flow of a single phase yield-stress fluid between two infinite plates by COMSOL Multiphysics®. The flow of SCC with varied rheological properties (yield stress and plastic viscosity) was verified in formworks with different configurations of reinforcement (rebars). Minimum and maximum limits of SCC ...

Development of a New Blade Profile for a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

S. Yoshioka[1]
[1]Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan

The vertical axis wind turbine design depicted in (Fig.1) is widely considered a wind turbine of a wind power generation system because it can be easily miniaturized, it generates low noise, and it rotates regardless of wind direction. The vertical axis wind turbine has, however, low rotation performance when compared with that of a horizontal axis wind turbine. Therefore, we need to improve the ...

Investigating the Impacts of Hydrogeological Parameters on DSI Efficiency through Numerical Simulation

Y. Jin[1], E. Holzbecher[1], S. Ebneth[2]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Hölscher Wasserbau, Haren, Germany

Düsensauginfiltration (DSI),‘nozzle-suction-infiltration’, is a new method for dewatering that avoids groundwater abstraction from the aquifer. Drawdown is achieved via pumping of groundwater at upper abstraction section, meanwhile, all the pumped water is injected through the same borehole, but in greater depth. We use COMSOL Multiphysics® for the development of a 2D model that ...

Transport of Cadmium through Molten Salt to Argon Cover Gas in Electrorefiner

K.Revathy[1], S. Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium ...

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