Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Investigation of Non-Newtonian Laminar Flow in a Curved Tube with Insert

A. Kadyyrov[1]
[1]Research Center for Power Engineering Problems, KSC, RAS, Russia

Non-Newtonian laminar flows in curved circular tubes with inserts are investigated by computer simulations. 0.65% solution of NaCMC is considered. Three-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved using COMSOL Multiphysics. Placements of inserts inside the curved tubes and their effects on the hydrodynamics of the flow are studied. Computations are carried out with various ...

Computationally Assisted Design and Experimental Validation of a Novel ‘Flow-Focussed’ Microfluidics Chip for Generating Monodisperse Microbubbles

M. Conneely[1], V. Hegde[2], H. Rolfsnes[1], A. Mason[2], D. McLean[1], C. Main[1], F.J.D. Smith[2], W.H.I. McLean[2], P.A. Campbell[1]
[1]Carnegie Physics Laboratory, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom
[2]Division of Molecular Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

Whilst initially developed as a diagnostic aid to improve echogenicity in ultrasound imaging, gas-filled lipid microbubbles are now emerging as a next generation \'theranostic\' tool in the medical arena. Here, their therapeutic potential has now been realized through their unique capability to deliver molecular species such as drugs and genes by means of disrupting the cell membrane in response ...

Modeling of the Reduction Stage during the Continuous Refining of Copper in a Packed Bed Reactor

F. Mansilla[1], L. Voisin [2]
[1]Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
[2]Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile

Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...

Evaluation of Internal Electrical Heater for Pipe Temperature Control Using FEA Model

B. Xu[1], M. Heydrich[1], S. Edmondson[1], A. Jahangir [1]
[1]ShawCor Ltd., Toronto, ON, Canada

In oil and gas industries, electrical heaters are often used to control the internal pipe temperature. One important criterion for such test, is to maintain a uniform temperature range during the test. The objective of this study was to evaluate the heat transfer of one design of the internal electrical pipe heaters, by simulating both conduction and convection heat transfer around the heater ...

Development of a New Blade Profile for a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

S. Yoshioka[1]
[1]Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan

The vertical axis wind turbine design depicted in (Fig.1) is widely considered a wind turbine of a wind power generation system because it can be easily miniaturized, it generates low noise, and it rotates regardless of wind direction. The vertical axis wind turbine has, however, low rotation performance when compared with that of a horizontal axis wind turbine. Therefore, we need to improve the ...

Microvascular Dysfunction in PAD Patients - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], B. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...

Study of Supercritical Coal Fired Power Plant Dynamic Responses for Grid Code Compliance - new

A. Gil-Garcia[1], I. Kings[1], B. Al-Duri[1]
[1]University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK

In clean coal technologies, improving energy conversion efficiency is one of the most important directions. Compared to traditional subcritical power plants, pressure-increased supercritical power plants improve the plant energy efficiency from 35% up to 45%. This work presents a study of the thermodynamic behaviour of the water cycle in coal-fired boilers in response to the changes in energy ...

Two Dimensional Blood Shear Modeling in a Blood Cooling Catheter

R. Sikorski[1], B. Chapman[1], T. Merrill[1]
[1]Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA

A CFD cardiac catheter model was developed to determine the potential for blood hemolysis during administration of local therapeutic hypothermia using a CoolGuide catheter. In vivo animal studies have shown that mild hypothermia may reduce reperfusion injury often associated with heart attack. The CoolGuide Catheter System (CCS) delivers rapid local cooling through a cardiac catheter, reducing ...

Modeling Inertial Focusing in Straight and Curved Microfluidic Channels

J. Martel[1], N. Elabbasi[2], D. Quinn[2], J. Bergstrom[2], M. Toner[1]
[1]BioMEMS Resource Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
[2]Veryst Engineering, Needham, MA, USA

Inertial focusing is a promising microfluidic technique for separating and concentrating cells of interest, processes routinely utilized in many medical procedures. This phenomenon is characterized by suspended particles in a flow spontaneously migrating across streamlines to equilibrium positions within a channel cross-section. We developed CFD models in COMSOL Multiphysics® to predict the ...

Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques

A. Sinkevich[1], S. Bhowmick [1], M. Raessi[1]
[1]University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA

Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...

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