Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Aerodynamic Study For Air To Gas Leakage Reduction In A Typical Rotary Regenerative Air Preheater Of Coal-Fired Steam Generators

L. Ferravante[1], C. Zagano[1], and V. Marra[2]
[1]RSE S.p.A. - via Rubattino, Milano, Italy
[2]COMSOL S.r.l. - Via Vittorio Emanuele II, Brescia, Italy

The present study relates to the reduction of the amount of air to gas leakage in a typical rotary regenerative air preheater of coal-fired steam generators, by means of computational thermo-fluid-dynamics. Due to the gaps, or clearances, required for rotation, there is a significant amount of leakage of the higher pressure air to the lower pressure gas stream. This paper presents a turbulent CFD ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Circular-Planar Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

K. Daneshvar[1], A. Fantino[1], C. Cristiani[1], G. Dotelli[1], R. Pelosato[1], M. Santarelli[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “G. Natta”, Milano, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Torino, Dipartimento di Energetica, Torino, Italy

A 2D isothermal axisymmetric model of an anode-supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) has been developed. Also a parametric analysis to find the effect of important parameters on the cell performance has been done. This simulation has been carried out at 1 atm and 1073 K. The PEN materials are traditional ones: Ni-YSZ/YSZ/LSM-YSZ as anode, electrolyte and cathode respectively.The developed model ...

Simulation of the Turbulent Flow in HEV Static Mixers : Mixing of Ethanol with Gasoline

A. Eissa[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Mixing is a typical unit operation that occurs almost in all chemical industries. Static – alternatively termed motionless – mixers are being widely used due to their low power consumption, low capital investment, minimal maintenance costs and versatility. The traditional helical mixing element is mainly used for in-line blending under laminar and transitional flow conditions. The ...

Numerical Simulation of Granular Solids’ Behaviour: Interaction with Gas

A. Zugliano[1], R. Artoni[2], A. Santomaso[2], and A. Primavera[1]
[1]Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.a., Buttrio, UD, Italy
[2]DIPIC, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy

In previous works a dissipative hydrodynamic model was used to simulate the behavior of a dense granular solid flowing through silos with simple geometries or with internal devices, showing good agreement with experimental results. That model has been upgraded taking into account the interaction between the solid itself and a nonreactive gaseous stream flowing countercurrent through it. This ...

An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper

J. Michalski[1], and E. Gutirrez-Miravete[2]
[1]Hamilton-Sundstrand
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US

The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...

Formation Of Porosities During Spot Laser Welding : Case Of Tantalum Joining

C. Touvrey
CEA Valduc, France

During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of the ...

Design Of A Flat Membrane Module For Fouling And Permselectivity Studies

J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafe-Moros
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Flat membrane modules are widely used to study the membrane performance at the laboratory which is influenced by pressure and velocity. Most modules designed for laboratory studies have high pressure drop and abrupt changes of flow direction what yield to lack of uniform flow and pressure uncertainty over the membrane surface. With the aim to minimize these drawbacks, we developed a new module ...

Impact of Velocity and Interfacial Tension on the Performance of Horizontal Wells in Gas Condensate Reservoirs

P. Ghahri, M. Jamiolahmady, and M. Sohrabi
Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Drilling horizontal wells (HWs) has recently received renewed attentions with the increasing trend in exploitation of tight gas reservoirs. An accurate estimation of productivity of such systems using a numerical simulator is a challenging task, because its 3D simulation requires a fine grid exercise to capture the abrupt variation of fluid and flow parameters around the wellbore. This is ...

Study of Gas Dynamics in the Heat-accumulation Stoves

P. Scotton, and D. Rossi
Dipartimento di geoscienze
Università di Padova
Padova, Italy

The paper aims to clarify some aspects of the gases hydro-dynamics within the twisted conduct of heat accumulation stoves (ceramic-refractory stoves) downstream the combustion chamber. Both Comsol laminar and k-e turbulent models have been used in case of straight and curved pipes with circular, square and rectangular cross-sections, at different Reynolds numbers, in case of smooth wall (Comsol ...

Dynamic Multi-Phase Modelling and Optimisation of Fluid Jet Polishing Process

A. Beaucamp[2], R. Freeman[2], and Y. Namba[1]
[1]Chubu University, Kasugai, Japan
[2]Zeeko Ltd, Coalville, UK

In the Fluid Jet Method, a polishing fluid is compressed and delivered through a nozzle, allowing the spot area to become continuously replenished with abrasives and coolant. Process parameters include: Abrasive type and concentration, Inlet pressure, Nozzle diameter, Impingement angle, Surface feed of spot. The simulation uses COMSOL’s turbulent 2-phase flow model, with the incompressible ...

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