J.L.Wilson, and R. Dwivedi
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico, USA
Geothermally driven natural convection in enclosures is a ubiquitous process occurring in many physical environments such as caves, mines, etc. We have numerically simulated laminar and turbulent natural convection in isolated air-filled cavities, buried in a more conductive rock mass. We have modeled heat transfer using COMSOL's Convection and Conduction mode. To better understand the convective ...
Inverse Estimation of the Flow Resistivity Tensor of Open-Cell Foams from Experimental Data and Darcy’s Flow Simulations
C. Van der Kelen, P. Göransson, and N-E.Hörlin
Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory for sound and vibration research, KTH Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Stockholm, Sweden
The flow resistivity tensor, which is the inverse of the viscous permeability tensor, is one of the most important material properties for the acoustic performance of open cell foams, used in acoustic treatments. Due to the manufacturing processes, these foams are most often geometrically anisotropic. This paper discusses the estimation of the flow resistivity tensor using an improvement of a ...
Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan
The vertical axis wind turbine design depicted in (Fig.1) is widely considered a wind turbine of a wind power generation system because it can be easily miniaturized, it generates low noise, and it rotates regardless of wind direction. The vertical axis wind turbine has, however, low rotation performance when compared with that of a horizontal axis wind turbine. Therefore, we need to improve the ...
J. P. Mmbaga, F. Munoz, S. Dhir, R. Gupta, R. E. Hayes, M. Toledo
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Departamento de Ingenieria Mecanica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso, Chile
Pyrolysis is a key step in the conversion of carbonaceous materials into useful products. In this study, we investigate the pyrolysis of asphaltene and oil shale, both experimentally and numerically. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the combined effects of fluid flow in porous media, mass transfer of species, heat transfer, and reaction kinetics. Gas evolution and the porosity ...
Thermal Natural Convection Simulations with COMSOL Multiphysics® in Comparison with Measurements - new
H. van Halewijn
Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
In a laboratory setup a horizontal rod is heated on one side. By natural convection a stable temperature pattern is developed. Using the Nusselt formulation of the natural convection of cylindrical rods, the temperature distribution can be calculated. Only a good match of the simulations and the measurements can be reached when taking into account all the non-linear physics in the system. In this ...
A. Bradji, E. Holzbecher, and M.S. Litz
Department of Mathematics, University of Annaba, Algeria
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany
It is well known that the convergence rate of a numerical model is significantly reduced, when the genuine character of the setting with differential equation and boundary condition is not given anymore. Here we examine the decrease of convergence order for models using COMSOL in which the problem set-up includes a coupling between a 1D and a 2D subdomain. In terms of physics we are dealing with ...
R. Sikorski, B. Chapman, T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
A CFD cardiac catheter model was developed to determine the potential for blood hemolysis during administration of local therapeutic hypothermia using a CoolGuide catheter. In vivo animal studies have shown that mild hypothermia may reduce reperfusion injury often associated with heart attack. The CoolGuide Catheter System (CCS) delivers rapid local cooling through a cardiac catheter, reducing ...
Vitens NV, Zwolle, The Netherlands
The water storage reservoir at the WTP Noardburgum is used to even out demand and supply and ensure a stable drinking water production capacity. At the moment the rectangular reservoir has a single pipeline which serves as an inlet during the fill cycle and as an outlet during the draw cycle. This study aims to examine the current mixing characteristics of the reservoir and to investigate ...
M. Weterings, M. Beyrer
Institute of Life Sciences HesSo Valais, Sion, Valais, Switzerland
Partial differential equations (PDEs) in multiple dimensions may often be solved in a lower dimension if the problem domain contains a symmetry (cylindrical, spherical, translational, etcetera). For problems involving PDEs with helical symmetry we propose a method, with both low computational costs and low complexity, that reduces the domain to a 2D axial plane while retaining 3D Cartesian ...
F. Mechighel, B. Pateyron, M. El Ganaoui, S. Dost, and M. Kadja
Laboratory SPCTS UMR CNRS, ENSCI, Limoges University, Limoges, France
Crystal Growth Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria, Canada
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Constantine, Constantine, Algeria
A numerical simulation study, using COMSOL Multiphysics®, was carried out to examine the temperature and concentration fields in the dissolution process of silicon into germanium melt. This work utilized a simplified configuration which may be considered to be similar material configuration to that used in the Vertical Bridgman growth methods. The concentration profile for the SiGe sample ...