Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Calculation of Effective Density and Compressibility Tensors in Periodic Porous Media: A Multi-Scale Asymptotic Method

C. Lee[1], M. Leamy[1], and J. Nadler[2]

[1]School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
[2]Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), Georgia Institute of Technology

A major issue in predicting and controlling (via design) absorption properties of rigid porous media is the determination of the frequency-dependent effective density and compressibility tensors. Unlike previous research efforts which employ in-house and, oftentimes, multiple numerical procedures for determining these two essential tensors, we formulate their solution in terms of a set of ...

In-Situ Detection of Inclusions in Liquid Steel

X. Wang, R. Guthrie, and M. Isac
McGill Metals Processing Centre, Montreal, Canada.

A numerical multiphase flow model is proposed to predict the behavior and motion of entrained inclusions in liquid steel, as they enter the orifice of a LiMCA (Liquid Metal Cleanliness Analyzer) sensor for assuring steel quality. The method of measurement is based on the electric sensing zone (ESZ) technique. The liquid metal flow field within the ESZ is obtained by solving the Navier-Stokes ...

Numerical Simulation of Granular Solids’ Rheology: Comparison with Experimental Results

A. Zugliano[1], R. Artoni[2], A. Santomaso[2], A. Primavera[1], M. Pavlicevic[1]
[1]Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche, Italy
[2]DIPIC - Universita di Padova, Italy

A simulation of the behavior of bulk solids continuously flowing through a silo with internal flow feeders has been performed by means of a dissipative hydrodynamic model. The results obtained by these calculations and those found experimentally agree, not only with regard to the velocity profiles, but also relative to the pressure on the silo walls. The dissipative hydrodynamic model represents ...

Numerical Simulation of Exact Two-Dimensional Governing Equations for Internal Condensing Flows

S. Mitra, R. Naik, and A. Narain
Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

The paper outlines a two-dimensional computational methodology and presents results for laminar/laminar condensing flows inside mm- scale ducts. The methodology has been developed using MATLAB/COMSOL platform and is currently capable of simulating film-wise condensation for steady and unsteady flows. The results obtained are shown to be in agreement with an independently developed ...

Drying In Porous Media: Equilibrium And Non-Equilibrium Approaches For Composting Processes

A. Pujol[2], S. Pommier[3], G. Debenest[2], M. Quintard[2], and D. Chenu[1]
[1]Veolia Environnement, Limay, France
[2]IMFT, Toulouse, France
[3]INSA Toulouse, Toulouse, France

To understand origins and consequences of drying phenomenon during composting, a compositional drying model of a partially water-saturated porous media coupled with biodegradation has been developed. The different simulations carried out under COMSOL Multiphysics demonstrate the ability of the model to well describe the compositional drying of a partial water-saturated porous media and point out ...

Fluid Flow Simulations Using New CFD Module

H. Rouch
INOPRO, France

COMSOL\'s new CFD Module has been tested for laminar and turbulent flows in simple geometries, with couple or segregated solver. These tests allow mesh sensitivities and comparison with analytical solutions. They also give a first idea of cpu time and RAM use for standard cases. In a second part a thermal-fluid simulation of a real industrial application is done: the air flows cooling a large and ...

Microfluidic Design of neuron-MOSFET based on ISFET

A. Jain[1], and A. Garg[2]
[1]BITS Pilani, Goa Campus, India
[2]Bhartiya Vidyapeeth College, New Delhi, India

An ISFET is an ion-sensitive field effect transistor used to measure ion concentrations in a solution; when the ion concentration changes, the current through the transistor will change accordingly. Here, the solution is used as a gate electrode. A voltage between substrate and the oxide surfaces arises due to an ions sheath. The surface hydrolization of the OH groups of the gate materials varies ...

Ventilation System of a Microwave Assisted Drying Kiln

A.-G. Ghiaus[1], M.-A. Istrate[1], A. Georgescu[1]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania

The paper presents the analysis and optimization of the ventilation system inside of a drying lumber kiln. As with any part of the manufacturing process, improper drying techniques cause quality degradation and considerable amount of energy loose. The improvement and optimization of air distribution systems in drying kilns contributes to the preservation of the wood quality. The performance of ...

Modeling of the Reduction Stage during the Continuous Refining of Copper in a Packed Bed Reactor

F. Mansilla[1], L. Voisin [2]
[1]Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
[2]Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile

Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...

Low Pt Cathodes for High Performance PEMFCs: Modeling and Experiments

F. Daouda[1], J. Hamelin[1], P. Benard[1], S. Kumar Natarajan [1]
[1]Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...

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