A. Gil-Garcia, I. Kings, B. Al-Duri
University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
In clean coal technologies, improving energy conversion efficiency is one of the most important directions. Compared to traditional subcritical power plants, pressure-increased supercritical power plants improve the plant energy efficiency from 35% up to 45%. This work presents a study of the thermodynamic behaviour of the water cycle in coal-fired boilers in response to the changes in energy ...
Impact of Velocity and Interfacial Tension on the Performance of Horizontal Wells in Gas Condensate Reservoirs
P. Ghahri, M. Jamiolahmady, and M. Sohrabi
Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Drilling horizontal wells (HWs) has recently received renewed attentions with the increasing trend in exploitation of tight gas reservoirs. An accurate estimation of productivity of such systems using a numerical simulator is a challenging task, because its 3D simulation requires a fine grid exercise to capture the abrupt variation of fluid and flow parameters around the wellbore. This is ...
On The Purification Of Waste Waters Using Multi-Bore Filters: Simulation Of A Long-Term Filtration Stage
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Universita' di Firenze, Italy
We present the progress of the simulation activity we are carrying out within the PURIFAST LIFE+ project. We first present the model we formulated to describe the macroscopic effects of the filtration process taking place in a multi-bore filter, focusing on the fouling phenomenon. In membrane-based filters the fouling phenomenon is the major reason of a decreasing filtration efficiency. ...
J. Ebert, S. Ghosal, A. Emami-Naeini
SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA
This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...
C. Soares, N. Padoin, F. Montalvo, D. Cobra
Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
CERTI Foundation, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
Schistosoma mansoni parasites affect million people worldwide. The intensity of the infection can be evaluated by the number of eggs present in the stool of an infected individual. The application of the traditional methods has been regarded as impractical in developing areas and there is a continuous search for new techniques. In face of this scenario, a new method of diagnosis was explored in ...
E. Robalinho, E. Cekinski
IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Instituto Mauá de Tecnologia IMT, São Paulo, Brazil; IPT-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
This paper presents the results of modeling of a microreactor with three inputs geometry (or crow's-feet), in relation to distributions of velocities and concentrations. The objective of this work is the study of this kind of geometry with relation to fluid dynamics behavior, improving the knowledge of microfluidics and microreactors projects. These numerical responses allow conclusions about ...
B. Balannec[1,2], T. Renouard[1,2], and F.Cortès-Juan
Université de Rennes 1-ENSCR-CNRS, France
Université européenne de Bretagne, France
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain
Feasibility studies in the field of membrane processes are generally first carried out with bench-scale membrane filtration cells. These small laboratory cells also allow evaluating the influence of operational parameters and the membrane performances. Smart design of the cell geometry may improve the flow distribution and consequently the membrane filtration performances by increasing shear ...
F. Daouda, J. Hamelin, P. Benard, S. Kumar Natarajan 
Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada
We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...
S. Dalrymple, R. Heslop
C-Tech Innovation Ltd. , Capenhurst, United Kingdom
Ohmic heating is a volumetric heating technology which can effectively process almost any pumpable fluid with extremely high energy efficiency (>95%). This is particularly useful for very thick fluids, those that burn on to hot surfaces and those with high solids content which would cause difficulties for conventional heating techniques. Processing of animal by-products (ABP) faces all these ...
O. Toscanelli, V. Colla
Scuola Superiore S. Anna, Pisa, Italy
The Large Eddy Simulation is an important method to simulate turbulent flow. It does not produce a closed system of equations, to achieve this it is necessary to model the not-closed terms. The deconvolution can be used for this purpose. In this study some numerical experiments on this topic are performed with COMSOL Multiphysics®. The main objectives are to find an efficient way to implement ...